The way to live a quality and long life is to be healthy. Some special tests for male and female diseases are also important for early diagnosis. Especially after a certain age, screening tests become more important in order to protect men from cancer and other health problems. Specialist from Memorial Şişli Hospital Internal Medicine Department. Dr. Nursal Filorinalı Konduk gave information about diseases that affect men and what needs to be done for early diagnosis.
The earlier the diseases are diagnosed, the higher the chances of a full recovery. Since men and women are anatomically and physiologically different, their diseases can also be gender specific. Men generally do not take care of their bodies and health as much as women. Annual physical examination and general check-up are recommended for men of all ages. Health screenings and health tests to be done regularly every year allow many male-specific health problems to be diagnosed at an early stage and treated more easily. In health checks, screenings are made for heart, prostate and intestinal diseases that affect men the most.
With regular health screenings, diseases can be treated before they progress.
Complete blood count is important in determining the general health status. Vitamin, mineral, blood sugar, cholesterol and hormonal status of the body are also checked with blood tests. Especially the total cholesterol value, LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol) are important parameters for cardiovascular health. High cholesterol levels can cause heart disease, heart attack or stroke. Therefore, it should be diagnosed early and treated quickly. Blood tests to regularly measure cholesterol levels should be recommended for all men over the age of 35. However, some men may need regular monitoring from a younger age if they have other risk factors such as a family history of heart disease, smoking, diabetes or high blood pressure. High blood pressure screening should be done at least every two years for all men, regardless of age.
Diabetes is a disease in which there is an increase in blood glucose levels due to a deficiency or ineffectiveness in the amount of insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar. Early diagnosis of diabetes can help reduce the risk of complications. Early detection of Type 2 diabetes in the pre-diabetes stage, and changes in diet and lifestyle can prevent the need for medical treatment. Researches; Pre-diabetes screening shows that a healthy diet and regular exercise can prevent the development of diabetes.
Prostate enlarges with age
The prostate is a gland located at the exit of the urinary bladder. With advancing age, prostate volume may increase slowly and progressively, and this increase compresses the urethra, making it difficult to urinate. Prostate and prostate cancer are among the most common diseases with increasing age and cardiovascular diseases in men. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing and rectal examination should be performed annually to screen for prostate cancer in men over 50. Men at high risk for prostate cancer due to a family history may need to start screening early, at the age of 40 or 45. Cancers detected at an early stage have a higher cure rate, so early detection is particularly important.
Obesity brings with it many diseases.
Obesity is the negative effect of body weight on health status due to excessive accumulation of adipose tissue. It is a true chronic metabolic disease that compromises the regulation of appetite and energy metabolism. Obesity is a major risk factor for many health conditions, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Evaluation of a person's weight can be done with body mass index (BMI). BMI is determined by dividing weight by the square of height. If the BMI is over 30, obesity is diagnosed. It is possible to prevent obesity by eating a healthy and balanced diet and exercising regularly. Many diseases can be prevented by weight control.
Liver and kidney health are essential to overall health
Fatty liver is one of the most common liver diseases. Excess weight, diabetes, high blood fats such as cholesterol and triglycerides, and some genetic factors can cause fatty liver. Fatty liver is among the causes of liver damage, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Increasing obesity in the world brings diseases such as fatty liver. kidneys; They are important organs responsible for removing waste and toxic substances from the body, maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance, regulating blood pressure and producing red blood cells. Since the only treatment for kidney failure is kidney transplantation, screening tests are of great importance for the detection of this disease before it occurs.
Colon cancer is among the most common cancers
Colon cancers are among the most common cancers and are seen in advanced ages. After the age of 40, the risk of developing this cancer doubles every 10 years. Early diagnosis is of great importance in colon cancer as in other cancers. Colonoscopy and fecal occult blood tests also play a role in the early diagnosis of colon cancer. It is recommended to perform a colonoscopy every 2 years in the 50-70 age group, and to perform a stool occult blood test every 10 years for men and women in this age group.
A healthy, long and quality life is possible
Having regular check-ups is important for living a healthy, long and quality life. Many diseases can be diagnosed early with the right preventive care. Even if the person feels healthy, early diagnosis examination and screening tests can reveal the symptoms and risks of diseases. The earlier a disease is detected, the higher the chance of recovery.
Günceleme: 21/02/2022 13:52