Today in History: First Ship Passed Through the Suez Canal

First Ship Passed Through the Suez Canal
First Ship Passed Through the Suez Canal

February 17 is the 48nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 317.

Railways

  • 17 February 1923 The Izmir Economy Congress decided to start railway construction activities within the program.
  • 17 became the Acting Attorney of 1934 Ali Çetinkaya Nafia. There is a splash in the railways.

Events

  • 1864 – During the American Civil War, the submarine HL Hunley sank the warship USS Housatonic, becoming the first submarine to sink a warship.
  • 1867 - The first ship passed through the Suez Canal.
  • 1895 – The Swan Lake Ballet, the music of which was composed by Tchaikovsky, made its first performance in St. Petersburg (Russia).
  • 1915 – The battleships Barbaros Hayreddin and Turgut Reis arrived in Nara to join the defense.
  • 1916 – On the eastern front, the Russians occupied Muş.
  • 1917 – Mustafa Kemal, who was appointed to the Hejaz Expeditionary Forces Command, did not accept this duty.
  • 1920 – The Ottoman Chamber of Deputies decided to publish the Misak-ı Milli, which it accepted, in the press and to inform all foreign parliaments.
  • 1921 – Independence Courts outside Ankara were abolished.
  • 1923 – Izmir Economy Congress, the first economic congress of the Republic, was held in Izmir.
  • 1923 – Mustafa Kemal was elected to the Presidency of the Grand National Assembly for the second time. 7 workers and 1 farmer woman attended the Assembly. Rukiye Hanım made the closing speech.
  • 1924 - Johnny Weissmuller sets the world record in the 100-yard (91,4 m) freestyle swimming 52-2/5 seconds.
  • 1925 – Tithe Tax was abolished. The press presented the abolition of tithe as a great revolution.
  • 1926 – Turkish Civil Code was accepted.
  • 1926 – The State Painting Exhibition was opened in Ankara. President Mustafa Kemal visited the exhibition.
  • 1930 – Turkish Journalists Union was founded.
  • 1933 - Newsweek magazine began to be published.
  • 1934 – Social democrats staged a demonstration in Austria. Security forces intervened in the demonstrators; Many demonstrators were killed. The government declared martial law.
  • 1935 – Playing snowballs is banned in Istanbul.
  • 1936 – Redmask was created by Lee Falk and began broadcasting in the USA.
  • 1939 – The Hatay Assembly adopted the laws of the Republic of Turkey as the laws of the State of Hatay.
  • 1949 – Turkey joined the European Development Executive Council.
  • 1956 – The name of Çoruh province was changed to Artvin.
  • 1957 – 72 people died in a fire in an old people's home in Missouri (USA).
  • 1957 – Turkish team broke a record in football matches between armies; Defeated the American army team 19-0.
  • 1959 – THY took Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and his entourage to London. IF V his plane crashed near Gatwick Airport; Menderes survived, 14 people, including Anadolu Agency General Manager Şerif Arzik, died.
  • 1961 – Former Minister of Health, Governor and Mayor of Istanbul, Lütfi Kırdar, died of a heart attack while giving his testimony in Yassıada.
  • 1961 – According to the agreement between the Turkish and German Employment Agency, it was decided to send Turkish workers to Germany every year to be employed in various business lines.
  • 1962 – More than 300 people died in a storm in Hamburg.
  • 1967 – The Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Turkey appointed the Chairman of the Turkish Teachers' Union (TÖS) Feyzullah Ertuğrul to a village in Elazığ.
  • 1967 – Some deputies reported that they were complaining about the women in miniskirts coming to the Parliament.
  • 1967 – After the marches and boycotts of radio artists, TRT increased artist wages by 150-200 percent.
  • 1968 – Turkish Workers' Party (TIP) deputy Çetin Altan said to the Justice Party members in the Grand National Assembly, "You have a majority but no weight". A fight broke out over this.
  • 1973 – A woman was appointed to the General Directorate of Petrol Ofisi. Şeyda Odyatmaz became the first woman manager to be promoted to this level in Turkey.
  • 1977 – Students of 50. Yıl High School in Ankara were shot; A schoolgirl died of a heart attack.
  • 1979 – After the Vietnam War, close to the USSR, Vietnam is occupied by China.
  • 1983 – Four Palestinian guerrillas were sentenced to death twice by the Ankara 1st High Criminal Court. Palestinian guerrillas raided the Egyptian Embassy in Ankara, killed two security guards and held the insiders hostage for 45 hours.
  • 1984 – Dismissal of workers from workplaces was subject to the permission of the Martial Law Command.
  • 1984 – Miss Turkey Neşe Erberk, in the European beauty pageant held in Austria. kazanwas.
  • 1986 – 6 detainees from the Peace Association case were released. Among those evacuated were Reha İsvan and Gencay Şaylan. Ali Sirmen, Erdal Atabek, Ali Taygun, Ergun Elgin, Hüseyin Baş and Orhan Taylan's release requests were denied.
  • 1987 – 12 tons of books, magazines and daily and weekly newspapers, which were confiscated after the September 39 military coup, were destroyed in SEKA.
  • 1993 – The military plane carrying Gendarmerie General Commander Gen. Eşref Bitlis crashed into the garden of the Processing Center in Ankara Yenimahalle (PTT) shortly after taking off from the Ankara Güvercinlik area. In the accident; With Bitlis, 3 officers, 1 non-commissioned officer and 1 PTT officer died.
  • 1993 – Dev-Sol and 18 political prisoners who are members of TİKKO (Turkish Workers' Villagers Liberation Army) escaped from Nevşehir E Type Closed Prison by making use of the 35-meter-long tunnel they dug.
  • 1993 – Lieutenant General Çevik Bir was appointed as the Commander of the UN Peacekeeping Force UNISOM in Somalia.
  • 1994 – Democracy Party (DEP) Suruç District Board Member Ömer Akpolat was killed by unknown persons.
  • 1994 – The Parliamentary Constitution and Justice Committee decided to lift the immunity of Welfare Party member Hasan Mezarcı.
  • 1996 - World chess champion Garry Kasparov beat Deep Blue computer.
  • 1999 – Peace talks were held between the Belgrade Government and Kosovo Albanians in the historic Royal Villa Rambouillet, 50 km from the French capital, Paris.
  • 2000 – Microsoft released the Windows 2000 operating system.
  • 2001 – IMF Deputy Director Stanley Fischer and the institution's European Director Michael Deppler came to Turkey within the framework of the G-20 meetings.
  • 2006 – It is estimated that approximately 1800 people died as a result of a series of landslides in the Southern Leyte region of the Philippines. It is claimed that heavy rains in the last 10 days and a small-scale earthquake with a magnitude of 2,3 that occurred just before may have triggered the disaster in the region.
  • 2008 – Kosovo declared independence from Serbia unilaterally.
  • 2016 – A suicide bomb attack was carried out on service vehicles carrying soldiers and personnel in Ankara's Devlet Mahallesi. 28 people were killed and 61 injured. Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu announced that the attack was carried out by the YPG.

Births

  • 624 – Wu Zetian, the only female Emperor in Chinese history (d. 705)
  • 1028 – Juwayni, Iranian jurist, theologian (d. 1085)
  • 1591 – Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and engraver (d. 1652)
  • 1650 – Yevdokiya Alekseyevna, Russian tsar (d. 1712)
  • 1653 – Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (d. 1713)
  • 1742 – Dositej Obradović, Serbian writer, philosopher, linguist, traveler, polygoth, and Serbia's first minister of education (d. 1811)
  • 1754 – Nicolas Baudin, French explorer (d. 1803)
  • 1781 – René Laennec, French physician and inventor of the stethoscope (d. 1826)
  • 1794 – Karel Bořivoj Presl, Czech botanist (d. 1852)
  • 1796 – Giovanni Pacini, Italian musician and opera composer (d. 1867)
  • 1796 – Frederick William Beechey, English naval officer and geographer (d. 1856)
  • 1796 – Josua Heilmann, French inventor and industrialist (d. 1848)
  • 1836 – Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish post-romantic writer of poetry and short stories (d. 1870)
  • 1849 – Ebüzziya Tevfik Bey, Turkish journalist, writer, publisher and calligrapher (d. 1913)
  • 1854 – Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German industrialist (d. 1902)
  • 1855 – Otto Liman von Sanders, German general and Ottoman field marshal (d. 1929)
  • 1862 – Mori Ōgai, Japanese soldier and writer (d. 1922)
  • 1874 – Thomas J. Watson, American industrialist and founder of IBM (d. 1956)
  • 1874 – Alexander Hatisyan, Armenian politician and journalist (d. 1945)
  • 1877 – André Maginot, French statesman (who gave the Magino Line its name) (d. 1932)
  • 1879 – Lou Marsh, Canadian referee and journalist (d. 1936)
  • 1884 – Hans Lange, American conductor (d. 1960)
  • 1886 – Andreas Bertalan Schwarz, German legal scholar (d. 1953)
  • 1887 Joseph Bech, former Prime Minister of Luxembourg (d. 1975)
  • 1888 – Otto Stern, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1969)
  • 1889 – HL Hunt, American oil magnate and Republican political activist (d. 1974)
  • 1890 – Ronald Fisher, English statistician, biologist, and geneticist (d. 1962)
  • 1891 – Džafer-beg Kulenović, Bosniak politician (Minister of Forests and Mining of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Vice President of the Independent State of Croatia) (d. 1956)
  • 1895 – Aliaga Vahid, Azerbaijani poet (d. 1965)
  • Eero Berg, Finnish athlete (d. 1969)
  • Gregor Wentzel, German physicist d. 1978)
  • 1916 – Şahap Kocatopçu, Turkish businessman and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1929 – Alejandro Jodorowsky, Chilean actor, composer, and film director
  • 1930 – Ruth Rendell, English writer (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – Turan Oflazoğlu, Turkish playwright, poet and critic
  • 1933 – Tahsin Yücel, Turkish academic, short story and novelist, essayist, critic and translator (d. 2016)
  • 1934 – Alan Bates, English actor (d. 2003)
  • 1949 – Engin Varol, Turkish painter
  • 1951 – Amado Batista, Brazilian singer, composer, music producer and actor
  • 1957 – Loreena McKennitt, Canadian musician
  • 1961 – Andrey Korotayev, Russian economist and historian
  • 1962 - Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor
  • 1963 – Michael Jordan, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Michael Bay, American film director and producer
  • 1966 – Quorthon, Swedish musician (d. 2004)
  • 1968 – Giuseppe Signori, Italian national football player
  • 1969 – David Douillet, French politician and judoka
  • 1970 – Dominic Purcell, Australian actor
  • 1971 – Denise Richards, American actress
  • 1972 – Billie Joe Armstrong, American songwriter, guitarist, and vocalist of Green Day
  • 1974 – Jerry O'Connell, American actor
  • 1974 – Dir En Gray, Japanese musician
  • 1981 - Paris Hilton, American actress and heir to the Hilton hotels
  • 1981 – Joseph Gordon-Levitt, an American actor
  • 1982 – Adriano Leite Ribeiro, Brazilian football player
  • 1985 – Cemre Kemer, Turkish singer and member of Hepsi group
  • 1991 - Bonnie Wright, English actress
  • 1991 – Burak Deniz, Turkish actor
  • 1991 – Ed Sheeran, English singer, songwriter and record producer
  • 1993 - Nicola Leali is an Italian football player.
  • 1993 – Marc Marquez, Spanish Grand Prix motorcycle road racer

Deaths

  • 364 – Jovian, Roman Emperor (b. 332)
  • 440 – Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian priest and linguist (b. 361)
  • 647 – Seondeok, 27th ruler of the Silla Kingdom and first female ruler (b. ?)
  • 923 - Tabari, scholar of religion and history (b. 839)
  • 1371 – Ivan Alexander, tsar of the Second Bulgarian Empire, reigning from 1331-1371
  • 1600 – Giardano Bruno, Italian philosopher (executed) (b. 1548)
  • 1673 – Molière, French writer (b. 1622)
  • 1680 – Denzil Holles, English writer and statesman (b. 1599)
  • 1715 – Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist (b. 1646)
  • 1788 – Maurice Quentin de La Tour, French Rococo portraitist painter (b. 1704)
  • 1826 – Johann Philipp Gabler, German protestant theologian and covenant critic (b. 1753)
  • 1827 – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss pedagogue, philanthropist, philosopher, and politician (b. 1746)
  • 1856 – Heinrich Heine, German writer (b. 1797)
  • 1890 – Christopher Latham Sholes, American inventor (b. 1819)
  • 1909 – Geronimo, Apache chief (b. 1829)
  • 1924 – Augustin Boué de Lapeyrère, French Vice-Admiral and Maritime Minister (b. 1852)
  • 1934 – Albert I, King of Belgium (b. 1875)
  • 1937 – Hugo Meisl, Austrian football player and sportsman (b. 1881)
  • 1941 – Claud Buchanan Ticehurst, English ornithologist (b. 1881)
  • 1948 – Enrique Finochietto, Argentine academic, physician, and inventor (b. 1881)
  • 1961 – Lütfi Kırdar, Turkish physician, soldier, Minister of Health and Governor and Mayor of Istanbul (b. 1887)
  • 1970 – Alfred Newman, American soundtrack composer (b. 1901)
  • 1970 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli author and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
  • 1982 – Lee Strasberg, American theater director and actor (b.1901)
  • 1986 – Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian thinker, speaker, and writer (b. 1895)
  • 1993 – Eşref Bitlis, Turkish soldier and former Gendarmerie General Commander (b. 1933)
  • 1998 – Marie-Louise von Franz, Swiss analytical psychologist and researcher (b. 1915)
  • 2001 – Matild Manukyan, Armenian-born Turkish brothel patron and tax record holder (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Dan O'Herlihy, Irish film actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Omar Sivori, Argentine football player (b. 1935)
  • 2007 – Mehmet Altınsoy, Turkish politician, former Minister of State and one of the mayors of Ankara Metropolitan Municipality (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Aysel Gürel, Turkish songwriter and theater actress (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Gazanfer Özcan, Turkish theater and cinema artist (b. 1931)
  • 2010 – Kathryn Grayson, American actress and opera singer (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Abdulhakim Ismailov, one of three soldiers (b. 3) who raised the Red Flag on the Berlin Parliament Building (Reichstag) as a symbol of the Soviet Union Red Army's defeat of Nazi Germany (b. 1916) (see Battle of Berlin)
  • 2013 – Mindy McCready, American country music singer (b. 1975)
  • 2016 – Alexander Gutman, Russian director (b. 1945)
  • 2016 – Andrzej Zulawski, Polish-born film director (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Alan Aldridge, English illustrator, printmaker and poster artist (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Warren Frost, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Tom Regan, American moral philosopher (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Peter Skellern, English singer, pianist and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 2019 – Eduardo Bauzá, Argentine politician (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Ethel Ennis, American jazz singer (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – Paul Flynn, Welsh-British politician (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Alberto Gutman, Cuban-American politician (b. 1959)
  • 2019 – Antons Justs, Latvian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1931)
  • 2019 – Šaban Šaulić, Serbian singer (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Ja'Net DuBois, American actress, singer, songwriter, and dancer (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Kizito Mihigo, Rwandan gospel singer, songwriter, organist and composer, television host (b. 1981)
  • 2020 – Mustafa Yücedağ, Turkish national football player (b. 1966)
  • 2021 – Özcan Arkoç, Turkish football player and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2021 – Seif Sharif Hamad, Tanzanian politician (b. 1943)
  • 2021 – Rush Limbaugh, American radio personality, conservative political commentator, author, and television show host (b. 1951)
  • 2021 – Gianluigi Saccaro, Italian fencer (b. 1938)
  • 2021 – Martha Stewart, American actress and singer (b. 1922)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Liberation of Tercan district of Erzincan from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • Liberation of Trabzon's Akcaabat district from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • Liberation of Tonya district of Trabzon from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • World Cat Day

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