Today in History: First Artificial Heart Surgery Performed in Turkey

First Artificial Heart Surgery in Turkey
First Artificial Heart Surgery in Turkey

February 27 is the 58nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 307.

Railways

  • 27 February 1998 Eskişehir-İnönü 2. Railway Line and Electrification Project was put into service.

Events

  • 1594 – IV. Henry became king of France.
  • 1693 – The first women's magazine "The Ladies' Mercury" is published in London.
  • 1844 - The Dominican Republic declared its independence from Haiti.
  • 1863 – The first known painting exhibition in Turkey was opened in Istanbul Atmeydanı. Sultan Abdulaziz supported the opening of the exhibition.
  • 1879 - Artificial sweetener saccharin is discovered.
  • 1880 – Haydarpaşa-İzmit Railway workers went on strike.
  • 1900 – The Labor Party is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • 1933 – Reichstag Fire: With a decree issued after the event, the Nazis laid the foundations of their dictatorship.
  • 1937 – The first Turkish ship "Belkıs", built by a private enterprise, was launched with a ceremony in the Golden Horn.
  • 1942 – II. World War II: The Battle of Java takes place between the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Allied Navy. The battle ended in Japanese victory and the Dutch East Indies were captured by the Japanese Empire.
  • 1943 – An explosion occurs at a mine in Montana, USA: 74 workers are killed.
  • 1948 – The communist party took power in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1955 – Turkish boxer Garbis Zaharyan defeated Greek opponent Emanuel Zambidis by points.
  • 1963 – First democratic elections are held in the Dominican Republic: Rafael Trujillo's dictatorship ends and Juan Bosch becomes President.
  • 1964 – The 1916th factory of Coca-Cola in the world was opened in Istanbul. The capital of the company, which was established entirely with domestic investment, was 14 million liras.
  • 1971 – TRT made a statement; He stated that he would have to reduce the radio broadcasts from 18,5 hours to 8 hours due to lack of money.
  • 1973 – MHP senator Kudret Bayhan was sentenced to 15 years in prison. Bayhan was on trial for smuggling drugs into France.
  • 1975 – All Teachers' Union and Solidarity Association (Töb-Der) and various revolutionary organizations held "Protest Against the Cost of Life and Fascism" rallies. The rallies in Malatya, Tokat, Kahramanmaraş, Erzincan and Adıyaman were attacked.
  • 1976 – An arrest warrant was issued for Yahya Demirel, accused of imaginary furniture export and tax refund fraud. Upon the unfolding events, Ecevit said, "Demirel has no right to political survival."
  • 1982 – 44 executives of the Peace Association were arrested. Lawyer Orhan Apaydın, President of the Istanbul Bar Association, and Erdal Atabek, President of the Central Council of the Turkish Medical Association, were among those arrested. The administrators of the Peace Association were accused of establishing and managing a secret organization, praising the criminal act, and making propaganda for communism and separatism. The directors of the Peace Association, chaired by Mahmut Dikerdem, a former Ambassador, will be tried in pre-trial detention.
  • 1985 – The names of schools in some Aegean provinces from "Revolution" were changed.
  • 1988 – The first artificial heart surgery in Turkey was performed at Ankara University Medical Faculty İbni Sina Hospital. The patient died some time later because the true heart could not be found.
  • 1993 – President of Human Rights Association Elazig Branch, Attorney Metin Can and Dr. Hasan Kaya was found murdered.
  • 1995 – A bomb explodes in a commercial center in the northern Iraqi city of Zaho; 76 people died, 83 people were injured.
  • 1995 – National football player Tanju Çolak, who was tried again while he was convicted of smuggling Mercedes, was released by the Court on the grounds that he had "reported the crime".
  • 1999 - Olusegun Obasanjo becomes Nigeria's first elected President.
  • 2001 – Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit invited World Bank Vice President Kemal Derviş to Turkey for consultations.
  • 2002 – 60 people died when Muslims set fire to a train carrying Hindu nationalists in India.
  • 2004 – An explosion occurs on a ferry in the Philippines: 116 people are killed.
  • 2008 – Due to the successive deaths of shipyard workers in Istanbul due to subcontractors and precarious working conditions, Port went on strike, using its strength from production, upon the call of the Shipyard Shipbuilding and Repair Workers' Union (LİMTER-İŞ). While 70% participation in the two-day strike in the Tuzla shipyards region, many shipyards stopped working. DİSK also supported a 24-hour sit-in strike in Tuzla with the slogan “Either Union or Death”. After the strike, the shipyard bosses accepted the demands of the workers.
  • 2010 – There was an 8.8 magnitude earthquake in Chile.
  • 2020 – Idlib attack: 33 soldiers were killed and 32 soldiers were injured as a result of the attack on the Turkish convoy by the Syrian Government in Idlib.

Births

  • 272 – Constantine I, founder of the city of Constantinople and the Eastern Roman Empire, nicknamed “The Great” (d. 337)
  • 1691 – Edward Cave, English printer, editor, and publisher (d. 1754)
  • 1717 – Johann David Michaelis, German theologian (d. 1791)
  • 1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (d. 1882)
  • 1846 – Franz Mehring, German politician, historian, and literary critic (d. 1919)
  • 1847 – Ellen Terry, English stage actress (d. 1928)
  • 1851 – James Churchward, British soldier, researcher, explorer, fish expert, mineralogist, historian (d. 1936)
  • 1863 – Joaquin Sorolla, Spanish painter (d. 1923)
  • 1867 – Irving Fisher, American economist (d. 1947)
  • 1873 – Lee Kohlmar, German film director and actor (d. 1946)
  • 1881 – Sveinn Björnsson, first President of Iceland (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – Richard Kohn, Austrian football player and manager (d. 1963)
  • 1890 – Walter Krüger, German SS officer (d. 1945)
  • 1897 Marian Anderson, American singer (d. 1993)
  • 1898 – Ömer Faruk Efendi, the last Ottoman caliph II. Abdülmecit's son and one term President of Fenerbahçe (d. 1969)
  • 1898 – Maryse Bastié, French female pilot (d. 1952)
  • 1902 – John Steinbeck, American author and Nobel Prize laureate, Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1968)
  • 1912 – Lawrence Durrell, Indian-born English writer (d. 1990)
  • 1927 – Şeref Bakşık, Turkish politician (d. 2019)
  • 1929 – Djalma Santos, Brazilian former football player (d. 2013)
  • 1932 – Elizabeth Taylor, English-American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1934 – Ralph Nader, American politician, consumer advocate, and lawyer
  • 1939 – Kenzo Takada, Japanese-French fashion designer, businessman, and film director (d. 2020)
  • 1942 – Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2021)
  • 1944 – Ken Grimwood, American author (d. 2003)
  • 1947 – İsmail Gülgeç, Turkish cartoonist (d. 2011)
  • 1953 – Yolande Moreau, Belgian actress
  • 1954 – Güngör Bayrak, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1957 – Adrian Smith, English guitarist
  • 1960 – Norman Breyfogle, American comics artist (d. 2018)
  • 1962 - Adam Baldwin, American actor
  • 1965 – Ahmet Mahmut Ünlü, Turkish cleric
  • 1966 – Saffet Sancaklı, Turkish football player
  • 1967 – Jonathan Ive, British designer
  • 1967 – Volkan Konak, Turkish artist
  • 1971 – Rozonda Thomas, American musician
  • 1974 – Mevlüt Miraliyev, Azerbaijani judoka
  • 1976 – Sergey Semak is a Russian football player.
  • 1978 James Beattie, English international football player and manager
  • 1978 – Kaha Kaladze, Georgian politician
  • 1980 – Chelsea Clinton, American author and global health advocate
  • 1981 – Josh Groban, American lyric baritone
  • 1982 – Amedy Coulibaly, French criminal (d. 2015)
  • 1983 - Devin Harris is an American professional basketball player.
  • 1983 - Kate Mara, American actress
  • 1985 – Diniyar Bilyaletdinov, Russian national football player
  • 1985 – Vladislav Kulik, Russian football player
  • 1985 – Thiago Neves, Brazilian football player
  • 1986 - Jonathan Moreira, Brazilian football player
  • 1992 - Jonjo Shelvey, English football player

Deaths

  • 956 – Theophilaktos, Greek Orthodox patriarch from February 2, 933 until his death in 956 (b. 917)
  • 1425 – Vasily I, Grand Prince of Moscow from 1389-1425 (b. 1371)
  • 1644 – Zekeriyazade Yahya, Turkish divan poet and Şeyhülislam (b. 1553)
  • 1667 – Stanisław Potocki, Polish nobleman, commander, and military leader (b. 1589)
  • 1706 – John Evelyn, English writer (b. 1620)
  • 1712 – Bahadır Shah, 7th Shah of the Mughal Empire (b. 1643)
  • 1822 – John Borlase Warren, British Royal Navy officer, diplomat, and politician (b. 1753)
  • 1854 – Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest, philosopher, and political thinker (b. 1782)
  • 1887 – Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist (b. 1833)
  • 1892 – Louis Vuitton, French manufacturer of luggage and bags (b. 1821)
  • 1914 – Tayyareci Fethi Bey, Turkish soldier and one of the first Ottoman pilots (b. 1887)
  • 1914 – Tayyareci Sadik Bey, Turkish soldier and one of the first Ottoman pilots (b. ?)
  • 1915 – Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (b. 1849)
  • 1936 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Medicine or Physiology (b. 1849)
  • 1939 – Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary and wife of Lenin (b. 1869)
  • 1947 – Cemal Nadir Güler, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1902)
  • 1959 – Hüseyin Siret Özsever, Turkish poet (b. 1872)
  • 1959 – Nikolaos Trikupis, Greek soldier (b. 1868)
  • 1959 – Patrick O'Connell, Irish football player (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Selahattin Adil, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1882)
  • 1966 – Gino Severini, Italian painter (b. 1883)
  • 1968 – Hertha Sponer, German physicist and chemist (b. 1895)
  • 1989 – Konrad Lorenz, Austrian ethologist (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Samuel Ichiye Hayakawa, Canadian-born American academic and politician (b. 1906)
  • 1993 – Lillian Gish, American film and stage actress (b. 1893)
  • 1997 – Kingsley Davis, American sociologist and demographer (b. 1867)
  • 1998 – George H. Hitchings, American physician and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1905)
  • 1998 – JT Walsh, American actor (b. 1943)
  • 2001 – Jale Inan, Turkish archaeologist (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Semahat Geldiay, Turkish zoologist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Spike Milligan, Irish-English comedian, author, musician, poet, playwright, soldier, and actor (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – ‎Robert Lee Scott, Jr.‎‎, American general and writer (‎b. 1908)
  • 2006 – Milton Katims, American violist and conductor (b. 1909)
  • 2007 – Bernd von Freytag Loringhoven, II. was an officer in the German army during World War II and was later appointed to the Bundeswehr, the German Federal Armed Forces (b. 1914)
  • 2008 – Ivan Rebroff, German singer, opera and stage actor (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Necmettin Erbakan, Turkish politician (b. 1926)
  • 2011 – Amparo Muñoz, Spanish actress (b. 1954)
  • 2011 – Moacyr Scliar, Brazilian writer and doctor (b. 1937)
  • 2012 – Armand Penverne, French national football player (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Van Cliburn, American pianist (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Ramon Dekkers, Dutch kickboxer (b. 1969)
  • 2013 – Dale Robertson, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Adolfo Zaldívar, Chilean politician (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Aaron Allston, American author and game programmer (b. 1960)
  • 2014 – Huber Matos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Mihaylo Chechetov, Ukrainian bureaucrat and politician (b. 1953)
  • 2015 – Boris Nemtsov, Russian opposition politician (b. 1959)
  • 2015 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor, director, musician, and photographer (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Natalia Revuelta Clews, Cuban socialite (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Rajesh Pillai, Indian film director (b. 1974)
  • 2016 – Farajollah Salahshoor was an Iranian film director (b. 1952)
  • 2018 – Joseph Bagobiri, Nigerian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1957)
  • 2018 – Luciano Benjamín Menéndez, former Argentine general (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Quini is a Spanish international football player (b. 1949)
  • 2019 – Rabindra Prasad Adhikari, Nepali politician and minister (b. 1969)
  • 2019 – France-Albert René, Seychelles politician (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – RD Call, American actor (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Samvel Karapetyan, Armenian historian, researcher, writer and medieval architect (b. 1961)
  • 2020 – Valdir Espinosa, Brazilian former football player (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Hadi Hosroshahi, Iranian cleric and diplomat (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Braian Toledo, Argentine javelin thrower (b. 1993)
  • 2020 – Alki Zei, Greek novelist and author of children's books (b. 1925)
  • 2021 – Ng Man-tat, Chinese-Hong Kong actor (b. 1952)
  • 2021 – Erica Watson, American actress, screenwriter, and stand-up comedian (b. 1973)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Polar Bear Day
  • 2. Cemre's Falling into Water
  • Liberation of Çaykara district of Trabzon from Russian and Armenian occupation (1918)
  • Liberation of Şavşat district of Artvin from Georgian occupation (1921)
  • World Painters Day

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