Today in History: Facebook Founded, Used by Billions Worldwide

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February 4 is the 35nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 330.

Railways

  • February 4, 1935 Atatürk showed his determination by saying, “We will continue to build the railways, which are the means of growth and development”.
  • 4 February 2017 Sarısu-Tünektepe Cable Car Line, which Antalya has been dreaming of for years, was put into service.

Events

  • 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies. The empire was left to his two sons, who were known for their belligerent and quarrelsomeness: Caracalla and Publius Septimius Geta.
  • 1783 - American War of Independence: Britain officially declares an end to its hostilities with the United States.
  • 1789 - George Washington is elected the first President of the United States.
  • 1792 - George Washington is re-elected President of the United States for a second term.
  • 1794 - France outlawed slavery in all its colonies.
  • 1899 – Philippines – USA war begins.
  • 1902 – First Young Turk Congress was held in Paris.
  • 1917 – Talat Pasha, one of the leading names of the Committee of Union and Progress, became the grand vizier.
  • 1923 - The Lausanne Conference was interrupted due to the inability of the parties to reach an agreement.
  • 1926 – Execution of Mehmet Âtif from İskilip.
  • 1927 – British Malcolm Campbell Archived August 22, 2010 at the Wayback Machine. He broke the world record by speeding 281,4 km per hour with his car named “Bluebird”.
  • 1928 - Austrian Nazis protest black artist Josephine Baker.
  • 1932 - Winter Olympic Games started in Lake Placid (New York).
  • 1936 - Radium E becomes the first synthetically produced radioactive element.
  • 1945 – At the Yalta Conference, where the United Kingdom, Russia and the USA came together, it was decided that the states that declared war on Germany and Japan until 1 March would participate in the conference to be held in San Francisco and become founding members of the UN.
  • 1947 – It was decided to translate the place names into Turkish in the province of Hatay.
  • 1947 – It was revealed that the Gendarmerie tortured some citizens in Isparta Senarkent.
  • 1948 – Ceylon, which would later become Sri Lanka, seceded from the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1948 – The law on the separation of the Governor's Office and the Mayor's Office was passed in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1954 – The shortage of fuel, meat, bread and various foodstuffs in Istanbul cannot be prevented. Istanbul Governor and Mayor Fahrettin Kerim Gökay made a statement today and asked for help from the public.
  • 1956 – Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca won the Seven Hills Poetry Award. The poet receives this award. Asu with his poetry book.
  • 1957 – USS, the first nuclear submarine Nautilus (SSN-571) covered 60.000 nautical miles without ever resurfacing, the dream in Jules Verne's famous novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. Nautilus The durability of the submarine has come to life.
  • 1964 – The death sentences of Talat Aydemir, Fethi Gürcan, Osman Deniz and Erol Dinçer, who were accused of the May 20, 1963 uprising, were approved by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1966 – A Boeing 727 of All Nippon Airlines crashes into Tokyo Bay: 133 people are killed.
  • 1974 – Writers Syndicate of Turkey was founded.
  • 1975 – A 1,5 hour power outage started across Turkey.
  • 1976 – Olympic Winter Games started in Innsbruck (Austria).
  • 1976 – 7,5 people died in the 22.778 magnitude earthquake in Guatemala and Honduras.
  • 1980 – Abu'l-Hasan Bani Sadr became the first President of Iran.
  • 1981 - Gro Harlem Brundtland becomes Norway's first female Prime Minister.
  • 1981 – Margaret Thatcher in England announced that privatization efforts were accelerated.
  • 1985 – Prime Minister Turgut Özal went to Algeria for an official visit. Turgut Özal, the first Turkish Prime Minister to visit Algeria, declared that Turkey, who voted against Algeria's independence at the United Nations in 1958, was wrong.
  • 1987 – Writer Aziz Nesin filed a compensation lawsuit against President Kenan Evren for calling himself a 'traitor'.
  • 1994 – The historic 17th-century parliament building in England burned down.
  • 1997 - Güneş newspaper started its publication life for the second time.
  • 1997 – After the "Jerusalem Night" organized by the Sincan Municipality on February 2, 15 tanks and 20 military armored personnel carriers passed through Sincan and went to the exercise area in Yenikent.
  • 1999 - Hugo Chávez Frías is elected President of Venezuela.
  • 2000 – Foreign Minister İsmail Cem went to Greece. Cem became the first Turkish Foreign Minister to officially visit Greece in 40 years.
  • 2003 – The new name of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was Serbia-Montenegro. With Montenegro's declaration of independence on June 3, 2006, Serbia and Montenegro became two independent states.
  • 2004 – Facebook was founded.
  • 2005 – İzmir Folklore Association was established.
  • 2005 – Haluk Kırcı, one of the suspects of the Bahçelievler massacre, who was captured in Ukraine, was extradited to Turkey.
  • 2006 – 88 people were killed and 280 injured in a stampede at a stadium near Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
  • 2007 – A building that was evacuated after a demolition decision collapsed in Diyarbakır; The bodies of five people were retrieved from under the rubble, one person was rescued.
  • 2020 – Van avalanche disaster: Soldiers and rescue teams, who went to rescue the citizens who were under avalanche in Van, Bahçesaray, were also caught under the avalanche that fell on them. 41 people were killed and 75 injured in the incident.

Births

  • 1573 – György Káldi, Hungarian Jesuit cleric (d. 1634)
  • 1646 – Hans Assmann Freiherr von Abschatz, German lyric poet and translator (d. 1699)
  • 1677 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
  • 1696 – Marco Foscarini, 117th Duke of the Republic of Venice (d. 1763)
  • 1746 – Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish soldier and leader of the Kościuszko Uprising (d. 1817)
  • 1778 – Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
  • 1799 – Almeida Garrett, Portuguese poet, novelist, and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1804 Ulrike von Levetzow, German writer (d. 1899)
  • 1824 – Max Bezzel, German chess player (d. 1871)
  • 1842 – Georg Brandes, Danish critic and scholar (d. 1927)
  • 1848 – Jean Aicard, French writer (d. 1921)
  • 1859 – Léon Duguit, French public law scholar (d. 1928)
  • 1862 – Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Swedish politician, academic (d. 1953)
  • 1865 – Abe Isoo, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • 1868 – Constance Markievicz, Irish revolutionary and patriotic suffragette (d. 1927)
  • 1871 – Friedrich Ebert, first President of Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1872 – Gotse Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1903)
  • 1875 – Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (d. 1953)
  • 1878 – Zabel Yesayan, Armenian novelist, poet and teacher (d. 1943)
  • 1879 – Jacques Copeau, French theater director, playwright, producer, and actor (d. 1949)
  • 1881 – Fernand Léger, French sculptor (d. 1955)
  • 1881 – Kliment Voroshilov, Soviet soldier and politician (d. 1969)
  • 1885 – Hamâmizâde İhsan Bey, Turkish poet and anecdote writer (d. 1948)
  • 1891 – Jury Lossmann, Estonian long-distance runner (d. 1984)
  • 1893 – Raymond Dart, Australian anatomist and anthropologist (d. 1988)
  • 1895 – Iyasu V, uncrowned emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1935)
  • 1897 – Ludwig Erhard, Chancellor of West Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1900 – Jacques Prévert, French poet and screenwriter (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Charles Lindbergh, American pilot (d. 1974)
  • 1903 – Alexander Imich, American parapsychologist (d. 2014)
  • 1906 – Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian (d. 1945)
  • 1912 – Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Rosa Parks, American human rights activist (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Yahya Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1980)
  • 1918 – Ida Lupino, British-born American actress and director (d. 1995)
  • 1921 – Neslişah Sultan, grandson of the last Ottoman Sultan Sultan Vahdettin and the last caliph Abdülmecid (d. 2012)
  • 1923 – Donald Nicol, British historian and Byzantium (d. 2003)
  • 1940 – Gönül Akkor, Turkish voice artist
  • 1941 – Bedia Akartürk, Turkish Folk Music artist
  • 1942 – Peter Driscoll, English writer (d. 2005)
  • 1945 – Ümran Baradan, Turkish painting and ceramic artist (d. 2011)
  • 1948 – Alice Cooper, American musician
  • 1953 – Jerome Powell, American lawyer and 16th President of the Federal Reserve System
  • 1957 – Metin Belgin, Turkish actor, director and screenwriter
  • 1960 – Michael Stipe, American singer
  • 1970 - Gabrielle Anwar, English actress.
  • 1972 – Polat Labar, Turkish comedian and radio host
  • 1973 – Aykan Ilkan, Turkish musician and drummer
  • 1975 – Atilla Taş, Turkish singer and columnist
  • 1978 – Ömer Onan, Turkish basketball player
  • 1987 – Kendi (Nuray Ülker), Turkish actress and singer
  • 1990 – Zach King, American filmmaker, author, and internet celebrity

Deaths

  • 211 – Septimius Severus, Roman Emperor (b. 145)
  • 1348 – Zahebî, Syrian hadith memorizer, historian and recitation scholar (b. 1274)
  • 1694 – Natalya Kirillovna Narishkina, Russian Tsarina (b. 1651)
  • 1713 – Anthony Ashley-Cooper, English philosopher (b. 1671)
  • 1781 – Josef Mysliveček, Czech composer (b. 1737)
  • 1837 – John Latham, English physician, natural historian, ornithologist, and author (b. 1740)
  • 1843 – Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1871 – Sheikh Shamil, Avar political and religious leader of the peoples of the North Caucasus (b. 1797)
  • 1926 – İskilipli Mehmed Âtıf, Turkish cleric (b. 1875)
  • 1928 – Hendrik A. Lorentz, Dutch physicist (b. 1853)
  • 1936 – Wilhelm Gustloff, National Socialist German leader (b. 1895)
  • 1939 – Edward Sapir, American linguist and ethnologist (b. 1884)
  • 1944 – Arsen Kotsoyev, Ossetian publisher (b. 1872)
  • 1946 – Milan Nedić, Serbian general and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1960 – Bilecikli Uzun Ömer, giant National Lottery seller with a 2,20 m length of Galata Bridge (b. 1922)
  • 1966 – Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American journalist and President of the National Geographic Society (b. 1875)
  • 1982 – Rasim Adasal, Turkish scientist and professor of neuropsychiatry (b. 1902)
  • 1987 – Liberace, American musician (b. 1919)
  • 1987 – Carl Rogers, American psychologist (b. 1902)
  • 1995 – Patricia Highsmith, American author (b. 1921)
  • 2001 – Iannis Xenakis, Greek composer (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Mahmud Esad Coşan, Turkish academic, writer and cleric (b. 1938)
  • 2005 – Ossie Davis, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2006 – Oktay Sözbir, Turkish theater artist (b. 1943)
  • 2014 – Enver Asfandiyarov, Soviet Russian/Bashkir scientist, historian, professor (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Odete Lara, Brazilian actress (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Tunca Yonder, Turkish actress, producer and director (b. 1938)
  • 2021 – Hüner Coşkuner, Turkish music singer (b. 1963)

Holidays and special occasions

  • World Cancer Day.

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