Today in History: Istanbul Observatory, III. Destroyed by Murat

Murat III
Murat III

January 22It is the 22nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 343,

Railways

  • January 22, 1856 Alexandria-Cairo line 211 km. was completed and put into operation. This line was the first railway built in Ottoman lands. This project aimed to connect the Mediterranean to the Red Sea. When the Suez Canal project came to the agenda, the railway was not extended to the Red Sea, but in 1858 it was extended to Suez and a total of 353 km. happened. This project is the first railway line of the African continent built outside Europe.
  • 22 January The 1857 Chesney project was granted the necessary concessions but could not accrue. The opening of the Alexandria - Cairo railway and the Suez Canal prevented this project.

Olaylar

  • 871 – Battle of Basing: Danish invading Vikings defeat the Anglo-Saxons (Anglo-Saxon King: Ethelred of Wessex) at Basing.
  • 1517 - The Ottoman army defeated the Mamluk army at the Battle of Ridaniye. After this war, the caliphate passed to the Ottomans.
  • 1580 – Istanbul Observatory, III. It was destroyed by Murat.
  • 1771 - The Falkland Islands were ceded to Britain by Spain.
  • 1842 – Veterinary school (veterinary faculty) was opened for the first time.
  • 1873 – Kasımpaşa Shipyard workers went on strike.
  • 1889 - The Columbia Phonograph record and music company is founded in Washington.
  • 1905 - The First Russian Revolution begins. Tsar's troops opened fire on workers marching to petition the Winter Palace, and Bloody Sunday Riots broke out on the day they killed 500 workers.
  • 1924 - In the United Kingdom, Labor Party leader Ramsay MacDonald is appointed prime minister.
  • 1930 – For publishing against Gazi and Turkishness Illustrated Moon A lawsuit was filed against the magazine.
  • 1932 – The first Turkish Quran was read by Hafız Yaşar (Okur) at the Yerebatan Mosque.
  • 1938 – Yalova Thermal Hotel was opened.
  • 1939 - A group of scientists from Columbia University succeeded in splitting the uranium atom.
  • 1942 – A circular was published on the use of the Spelling Guide in all schools and workplaces.
  • 1946 - Bulb sales are released.
  • 1947 – Socialist Paul Ramadier formed the new cabinet in France.
  • 1949 - Mao's armies take Beijing.
  • 1950 – Istanbul Greco-Roman wrestling team beat Paris team 7-1 in Istanbul.
  • 1952 – The world's first jet passenger aircraft, the de Havilland Comet, entered service in the fleet of BOAC Airline.
  • 1953 – Turkish Nationalists Association was closed.
  • 1957 – Although the Israeli army withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula, it continues its occupation of the Gaza Strip.
  • 1959 – Izmir Collective Press Court, Democrat Izmir newspaper's editor-in-chief, Şeref Bakşık, was sentenced to 15 days and the owner of the newspaper, Adnan Düvenci, to 1 year.
  • 1959 – Women lawyers abandoned the lawsuit they brought against Refik Erduran for his work titled “One Kilo of Honor”.
  • 1961 – 300 glass workers held a closed hall meeting in Istanbul.
  • 1965 – The new Election Law was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The new Election Law foresees the national balance system and the use of combined ballot papers.
  • 1969 – The statement titled “Letter to the Turkish People” of the Federation of Intellectual Clubs was collected.
  • 1969 – Workers of the Teksif Union started a strike at the Defterdar Factory.
  • 1970 - Boeing 747 flew to London for the first time.
  • 1972 – Treaty of Brussels signed. According to this agreement; The United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark and Norway will become members of the European Economic Community (EEC) from 1 January 1973.
  • Nihat Erim, one of the prime ministers between 1973 and 12 March, was a candidate for the Human Rights Court of Turkey Judge. He withdrew from the candidacy after seeing a lot of backlash.
  • 1977 – “Death to Fascism” march was held between Saraçhane and Sultanahmet in Istanbul. 5 people attended the march.
  • 1979 – The Process Leading to the September 12, 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979- September 12, 1980): Revolutionary Democratic Culture Associations, “Removal of non-Kurdish civil servants from the region in the East”  An architect-engineer working at the Mardin Public Works Directorate was attacked by a KAWA militant and seriously injured, as the state's decision was not fulfilled.
  • 1980 – The Process Leading to the 12 September 1980 Coup in Turkey (1979- 12 September 1980): Tariş incidents: Security forces wanted to enter the TARIS (Taris Fig, Grape, Cotton and Oil Seeds Agricultural Sales Cooperatives Unions) Enterprises to search; 50 people were injured, 600 workers were detained. Workers in the workplaces affiliated with TARIS started to resist.
  • 1980 - Nuclear physicist Dr. Andrey Sakharov was exiled in the USSR.
  • 1981 – All the executives of the Nationalist Confederation of Workers Unions (MISK), who were detained by the Istanbul Martial Law Command, were released.
  • 1983 – The 12th execution of the September 28 Coup: Ahmet Mehmet Uluğbay, who killed a taxi driver in 1973 and a friend of his in 1974 for money, was executed after losing money in gambling and getting into debt.
  • 1984 – The Apple Macintosh, the first commercial computer that made users love the computer with its user-friendly graphical interface and mouse, was introduced with the famous "1984" television advertising campaign.
  • 1987 – The Turkey-Greece Harmonization Treaty was initialed on behalf of the European Economic Community (EEC).
  • 1987 – Supreme Health Council decided to start in vitro fertilization practice in Turkey.
  • 1988 – A campaign was started for Nâzım Hikmet to return his citizenship rights.
  • 1989 – The "International Beauty Contest" was held for the first time in the Soviet Union. Representing Turkey in the competition, Meltem Hakarar was selected first.
  • 1990 - Soviet Union leader Gorbachev announced that Red Army soldiers were sent to Azerbaijan to suppress the uprising.
  • 1991 – An Iraqi scud missile crashes into Israel, killing three.
  • 1996 – 24 police officers, one of whom is Police Chief, were detained for allegedly killing journalist Metin Göktepe.
  • 1996 – Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP) was founded. Assoc. Dr. Ufuk Uras was chosen.
  • 2000 – Ankara 9th High Criminal Court sentenced MHP Deputy Cahit Tekelioğlu to 2 years 9 months and 10 days in prison in the case regarding the death of DYP Şanlıurfa Deputy Fevzi Şıhanlıoğlu. MHP Deputy Mehmet Kundakçı was acquitted.
  • 2006 – An earthquake of 4,0 magnitude occurred in Mersin.
  • 2006 – UN High Commissioner for Refugees reported that 22 people died as a result of a boat carrying fugitives off the coast of Yemen capsized.
  • 2006 – The current best player in the professional basketball league NBA, Kobe Bryant scored 81 points against the Toronto Raptors, becoming the highest scorer in a single game in NBA history after Wilt Chamberlain (100).
  • 2007 – 73 people were killed and 138 injured in the bomb attacks in Baghdad.
  • 2007 – Wikipedia wins the Golden Spider 2006 “Best Content” award.
  • 2008 – Retired Brigadier General Veli Küçük, lawyer Kemal Kerinçsiz, journalist Güler Kömürcü, Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate Press and Public Relations in the investigation into the hand grenades seized in Ümraniye Sözcüsü Sevgi Erenerol, 33 people including Susurluk case convict Sami Hoştan were detained.
  • 2013 – Galatasaray University Palace Building fire. The fire that broke out from the electrical contact in the campus located on Ortaköy Çırağan Street caused the historical building, which is one of the Feriye Palaces, to turn into ashes and become unusable, along with many historical artifacts and books.

births

  • 826 – Montoku, 55th emperor of Japan (d. 858)
  • 1263 - Ibn Taymiyya, Arab Islamic scholar (d. 1328)
  • 1440 – III. Ivan (Ivan the Great), Russian tsar (d. 1505)
  • 1561 Sir Francis Bacon, English statesman, philosopher, and poet (d. 1626)
  • 1572 – John Donne, English poet (d. 1631)
  • 1573 – Sebastiaen Vrancx, Flemish painter (d. 1647)
  • 1592 – Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and Catholic priest (d. 1655)
  • 1645 – William Kidd (Captain Kidd), Scottish sailor and pirate (d. 1701)
  • 1729 – Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German writer (d. 1781)
  • 1788 George Gordon Byron, English poet (d. 1824)
  • 1816 – Catherine Wolfe Bruce, American philanthropist and astronomer (d. 1900)
  • 1849 – August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist and novelist (d. 1912)
  • 1855 – Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser, German physician (discovered the causative agent of gonorrhea) (d. 1916)
  • 1862 – Eugene Doherty, Irish Cumann na nGaedheal politician (d. 1937)
  • 1867 – Gisela Januszewska, Austrian physician (d. 1943)
  • 1874 – Leonard Eugene Dickson, American mathematician (d. 1954)
  • 1875 – DW Griffith, American film director (d. 1948)
  • 1877 – Hjalmar Schacht, German banker (d. 1970)
  • 1877 – Bolesław Leśmian, Polish poet, artist (d. 1937)
  • 1879 – Francis Picabia, French painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and writer (d. 1953)
  • 1890 – Grigori Landsberg, Soviet physicist (d. 1957)
  • 1891 – Antonio Gramsci, Italian thinker, politician, and Marxist theorist (d. 1937)
  • 1891 – Bruno Loerzer, German Luftstreitkräfte officer (d. 1960)
  • 1891 – Franz Alexander, founder of Hungarian Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychoanalytic Criminology (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Conrad Veidt, German film actor (d. 1943)
  • 1897 – Arthur Greiser, Nazi German politician (d. 1946)
  • 1899 – László Rásonyi, Hungarian Turkologist (d. 1984)
  • 1900 – Ernst Busch, German singer, actor and director (d. 1980)
  • 1902 – Selahattin Pınar, Turkish composer and tanburi (d. 1960)
  • 1906 – Robert E. Howard, American author (d. 1936)
  • 1907 - Dixie Dean, English football player (d. 1980)
  • 1908 – Atahualpa Yupanqui, Argentine composer (d. 1992)
  • 1909 – U Thant, Myanmar (Myanmar) educator and diplomat (1962rd Secretary-General of the United Nations 1971-3) (d. 1974)
  • 1910 – Hezi Aslanov, Soviet general of Azerbaijani descent (d. 1945)
  • 1911 – Bruno Kreisky, leader of the Austrian Social Democratic Party and prime minister (d. 1990)
  • 1915 – Ertuğrul Bilda, Turkish actor (d. 1993)
  • 1916 – Edmundo Suárez, Spanish football player and manager (d. 1978)
  • 1920 – Alf Ramsey, English manager (d. 1999)
  • 1923 – Norman Ickeringill, Australian wrestler (d. 2007)
  • 1931 – Rauno Mäkinen, Finnish wrestler (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1932 – Günseli Başar, Turkish model (d. 2013)
  • 1932 - Piper Laurie, American actress
  • 1933 – Kaya Gürel, Turkish theater and film actor (d. 2010)
  • 1933 – Sezai Karakoç, Turkish poet, writer and politician (d. 2021)
  • 1936 – Valerio Zanone, Italian politician (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Luigi Simoni, Italian football player and manager
  • 1940 – Eberhard Weber, German bassist and composer
  • 1940 – John Hurt, English actor and voice actor (d. 2017)
  • 1941 – İbrahim Arıkan, Turkish businessman (d. 2016)
  • 1946 – Cihan Unal, Turkish theater artist
  • 1950 – Mustafa Irgat, Turkish poet and film critic (d. 1995)
  • 1951 – Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater (d. 1989)
  • 1952 – Mustafa Oğuz Demiralp, Turkish diplomat
  • 1953 – Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • 1953 – Mitsuo Kato, Japanese football player
  • 1956 – Fadıl Akgündüz, Turkish businessman
  • 1956 – Şükrü Halûk Akalın, Turkish linguist and president of the Turkish Language Association
  • 1958 – Filiz Koçali, Turkish politician and leader of the Socialist Democracy Party
  • 1959 – Linda Blair, American actress
  • 1959 – Robert McDonald, English football player
  • 1960 – Michael Hutchence, Australian musician, actor and INXS lead singer (d. 1997)
  • 1961 – Yavuz Çuhacı, Turkish composer, songwriter and TV director
  • 1962 – Peter Lohmeyer, German actor
  • 1962 – Sirus Kayıkran, Iranian football player and manager (d. 1998)
  • 1965 - Diane Lane, American actress
  • 1965 – Steven Adler, American musician
  • 1966 – Thorsten Kaye, German-American actor
  • 1967 – Şanver Göymen, Turkish goalkeeper
  • 1968 – Alain Sutter, Swiss football player
  • 1968 – Frank Leboeuf, French football player
  • 1969 – Durdu Mehmet Kastal, Turkish politician
  • 1969 – Olivia d'Abo, English actress, singer, songwriter and voice actor
  • 1970 – Aydın Ünal, Turkish journalist, writer and politician
  • 1970 – Fan Zhiyi, Chinese football player and manager
  • 1971 – Sandra Speichert, German film and TV actress
  • 1972 Gabriel Macht, American actor
  • 1973 – Olgun Aydın Peker, Turkish businessman
  • 1974 – Annette Frier, German actress and comedian
  • 1974 – Ava Devine, American porn star and actress
  • 1974 – Barbara Dex, Belgian singer
  • 1974 – Jenny Silver, Swedish singer
  • 1974 – Jörg Böhme, German football player and manager
  • 1975 – Josh Earnest, American bureaucrat and government sözcüwater
  • 1975 – Kenan Çoban, Turkish cinema and television actor
  • 1977 Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese football player
  • 1978 – Ernani Pereira, Brazilian-Azerbaijani football player
  • 1978 – Jorge Martín Núñez, Paraguayan football player
  • 1979 - Cassio Lincoln, Brazilian football player
  • 1979 – Michael Yano, Japanese football player
  • 1979 – Özge Uzun, Turkish TV and news presenter
  • 1979 – Svein Oddvar Moen, Norwegian football referee
  • 1980 – Jonathan Woodgate, English football player
  • 1981 – Ben Moody, American musician
  • 1981 – Beverley Mitchell, American actress and country music singer
  • 1981 – Ibrahima Sonko, French football player of Senegalese descent
  • 1981 - Rudy Riou, French football player
  • 1982 – Fabricio Coloccini, Argentine football player
  • 1982 – Okan Koç, Turkish football player
  • 1982 – Paula Pequeno, Brazilian volleyball player
  • 1982 – Peter Jehle, Liechtenstein football player
  • 1982 – Sedef Avcı, Turkish actress and model
  • 1983 – Marčelo, Serbian singer and writer
  • 1984 – Hashim Bikzade, Iranian football player
  • 1984 – Josef Çınar, Turkish-German football player
  • 1984 – Yuta Baba, Japanese football player
  • 1985 – Abdullah Shehayl, Saudi football player
  • 1985 – Fotios Papoulis, Greek football player
  • 1985 – Kevin Lejeune, French football player
  • 1985 – Orianthi Panagaris, Greek-Australian singer and guitarist
  • 1985 – Yasemin Ergene, Turkish actress
  • 1986 – Adrian Ramos, Colombian football player
  • 1987 – Dmitry Kombarov, Russian football player
  • 1987 – Shane Long, Irish football player
  • 1988 – Abdullah Karmil, Turkish football player
  • 1988 - Alberto Frison, Italian football player
  • 1988 – Eric McCollum, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Francesco Renzetti, Monaco-born Italian football player
  • 1988 – Marcel Schmelzer, German football player
  • 1988 Nick Palatas, American actor
  • 1989 – Abuda, Brazilian football player
  • 1990 - Alizé Cornet, French tennis player
  • 1990 – Edgar Iván Pacheco, Mexican football player
  • 1990 – Jani Aaltonen, Finnish football player
  • 1992 – Achraf Lazaar, Moroccan football player
  • 1992 – Benjamin Jeannot, French football player
  • 1992 – Ensar Baykan, Turkish-German football player
  • 1992 – Leandro Marín, Argentine football player
  • 1992 – Vincent Aboubakar, Cameroonian football player
  • 1993 – Alonso Escoboza, Mexican football player
  • 1993 – Maximiliano Amondarain, Uruguayan football player
  • 1994 – Jefferson Nogueira Junior, Brazilian football player
  • 1994 – Vladlen Yurchenko, Ukrainian football player
  • 1996 – Ramazan Civelek, Turkish football player
  • 1998 – Silentó, American musician

Weapon

  • 239 – Cao Rui, 2nd Wei Dynasty emperor of China (b. 204 or 206)
  • 1387 – Çandarlı Kara Halil Hayreddin Pasha, Ottoman grand vizier (b. ?)
  • 1517 – Hadim Sinan Pasha, Ottoman grand vizier
  • 1647 – Koca Musa Pasha, Ottoman statesman and sailor (b. ?)
  • 1651 – Johannes Phocylides Holwarda, Frisian astronomer, physician, and philosopher (b. 1618)
  • 1666 – Shah Jahan, 5th ruler of the Mughal Empire (b. 1592)
  • 1737 – Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, French painter (b. 1671)
  • 1798 – Matija Antun Relković, Croatian writer and soldier (b. 1732)
  • 1826 – Antonio Codronchi, Italian priest and archbishop (b. 1746)
  • 1840 – Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist (b. 1752)
  • 1877 – Giuseppe De Notaris, Italian botanist (b. 1805)
  • 1878 – August Willich, German soldier (b. 1810)
  • 1890 – Lavrentiy Alekseyevich Zagoskin, Russian naval officer and explorer of Alaska (b. 1808)
  • 1893 – Vinzenz Lachner, German composer, conductor, and music educator (b. 1811)
  • 1901 – Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom (b. 1819)
  • 1922 – Fredrik Bajer, Danish writer, teacher, and politician (b. 1837)
  • 1922 – Salih Hayali Yaşar, Turkish politician (b. 1869)
  • 1922 – William Christie, English astronomer (b. 1845)
  • 1922 – XV. Benedict, Pope (b. 1854)
  • 1952 – Robert Patterson, 55th United States Secretary of War (b. 1891)
  • 1967 – Jobyna Ralston, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1972 – Boris Konstantinovich Zaitsev, Russian writer (b. 1881)
  • 1973 – Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
  • 1974 – Antanas Sniečkus, Lithuanian communist, partisan and politician (b. 1903)
  • 1975 – Abdi Parlakay, Turkish football referee (b. 1914)
  • 1976 – Hermann Jonasson, prime minister of Iceland (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean politician (b. 1911)
  • 1984 – Bob Pirie, Canadian swimmer (b. 1916)
  • 1987 – Zeyyad Baykara, Turkish politician and former deputy prime minister (b. 1915)
  • 1993 – Kobo Abe, Japanese writer (b. 1924)
  • 1991 – Feyyaz Berkay, Turkish medical doctor. One of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Turkey (b. 1913)
  • 1994 – Telly Savalas, Greek-American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1995 – Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American philanthropist and mother of JF Kennedy (b. 1890)
  • 2002 – Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor (b. 1916)
  • 2004 – Ann Miller, American dancer, singer, and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Atilla Özkırımlı, Turkish literary historian and writer (b. 1942)
  • 2006 – Aydın Güven Gürkan, Turkish politician and former leader of the Social Democratic Populist Party (b. 1941)
  • 2008 – Heath Ledger, Australian actor (b. 1979)
  • 2008 – Orhan Aksoy, Turkish director, screenwriter and producer (b. 1930)
  • 2009 – İsmail Hakkı Birler, Turkish politician (b. 1927)
  • 2010 – Jean Simmons, English-American actress and voice actor (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Pierre Sudreau, French politician and resister (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Rita Gorr, Belgian mezzo-soprano (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Anna Litvinova, Russian top model (b. 1983)
  • 2014 – François Deguelt, French singer (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Oğuz Oktay, Turkish actor (b. 1939)
  • 2016 – Humayun Behzadi, Iranian football player (b. 1942)
  • 2016 – Kamer Genç, Turkish politician (b. 1940)
  • 2016 – Miloslav Ransdorf, Czech politician (b. 1953)
  • 2016 – Osman Şahinoğlu, Turkish politician (b. 1927)
  • 2016 – Tahsin Yücel, Turkish academic, writer, critic and translator (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Andy Marte, Dominican baseball player (b. 1983)
  • 2017 – Cristina Adela Foisor, Romanian chess player (b. 1967)
  • 2017 – İlhan Cavcav, Turkish businessman and sports manager (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Pietro Bottaccioli, Italian bishop and clergyman (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Merete Armand, Norwegian actress (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – Enver Ercan Turkish poet (b. 1958)
  • 2018 – Jimmy Armfield, English football player and manager (b. 1935)
  • 2018 – Lütfi Doğan, Turkish theologian, politician and 11th President of Religious Affairs (b. 1927)
  • 2018 – Ursula K. Le Guin, American author (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Themos Anastasiadis, Greek journalist (b. 1958)

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