Today, it is known by everyone that sedentary life brings with it many health problems. In addition to a healthy diet, regular exercises are of great importance for the health of the musculoskeletal system, as well as for a fit appearance and mental well-being. Pilates is one of the first methods that comes to mind when it comes to regular exercise. In particular, medical pilates practices are considered an indispensable method in all diseases or disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially in protecting and improving the spine health of patients. Professor from Memorial Bahçelievler Hospital, Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. Dr. Ümit Dinçer gave information about medical pilates practices and benefits.
Exercise program should be personalized
Pilates is basically based on purposeful control of body positions and movement. Medical pilates, on the other hand, is a treatment and rehabilitation purpose designed for the musculoskeletal system (muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, nerves or their combination) problems, which are carried out on the floor or on the device, with the help of balls, bands, position materials and designed for the individual, using various special tools. are exercise programs. The application should be designed in accordance with the disease, degree of illness, physical condition, concomitant diseases and age of the individual, that is, it should be customized according to the person. Pilates is not a program that a person can easily do by himself with the use of devices. My Pilates system has principles that must be known. These 6 important principles must be evaluated and internalized with the patient before the treatment. These basic principles are defined as “Centering, concentration, control, precision, flow and breathing”.
Plays an important role in the treatment of many diseases
Pilates has become the "basic" exercise practice used by the "masses" apart from athletes or physical activity professionals and has begun to make a difference in the rehabilitation of many diseases. In clinical use, it has become an indispensable element in all diseases or disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially in "protecting or improving" the spine health of patients. Correction of angular spine problems such as scoliosis and kyphosis and preservation of well-being in spine problems, problems of the spine due to abuse or long sitting and lack of exercise, muscle spasms, fibromyalgia, waist and neck hernias, ligament, tendon and muscle problems of the shoulder joint are among the most common areas of use. . It is a very convenient and effective method in compensating for the negativities of working from home for a very long time and working in bad ergonomic conditions for the last 2 years. Clinical pilates can be used as a part of physical therapy and rehabilitation practice, as well as in the "protection" process after the end of the treatment. On the other hand, even if individuals do not have any disease, 2-3 sessions of pilates a week for a healthy life and a flexible body is a very suitable method that can be applied as a preventative against musculoskeletal pain. One of the important uses of clinical pilates is the neuromuscular re-education process. Clinical pilates gives very positive results not only in muscle problems, but also in nerve damage or dysfunction. In this sense, waist and neck hernias constitute the most application area.
It is important to have it done by an experienced physiotherapist.
Clinical pilates is performed by an experienced and pilates-trained physiotherapist using special devices. All of the spine and extremity (arm and leg) muscles can be exercised with this system. On the other hand, in the Pilates program, besides the power exercises of the abdominal, back, waist, hip and leg muscles, balance exercises can also be done by using breathing methods. Before clinical pilates application, physician evaluation is made and a program is created accordingly. The exercise program is applied under supervision by a specialist physiotherapist. In the evaluation, the vision of strength, flexibility and endurance is determined by determining the patient's complaint, illness, need for exercise, what to combine with, what to avoid. The exercise starts with light repetitions and loads and progresses at an increasing pace, and the plateau point is determined. Pilates promotes neuromuscular retraining in functional positions and planes focused on spinal cord stabilization.