The number of melanocytes is higher in people with dark skin color than people with light skin color. Skin wounds and dermatological diseases heal with spots in dark-skinned people. Therefore, the blemish problem is more pronounced in brunettes.
Stain is a problem caused by the overworking of the melanin cells that give color to our skin. It is more common in women, but rarely in men. Overworking of melanin cells happens for many reasons. Pregnancy, some drugs used, adrenal gland, thyroid gland and some intestinal diseases, iron metabolism disorders, wrong cosmetics, genetic reasons, long-term and intense sun exposure, some infectious diseases and dermatological diseases are the main reasons that can cause stains. “It is important to first determine the cause of the spot in patients who apply with the complaint of spotting” Dermatology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Gökhan Okan gave information about the stains…
The number of melanocytes is higher in people with dark skin color than people with light skin color. Therefore, the blemish problem is more pronounced in brunettes. Skin wounds and dermatological diseases heal with spots in dark-skinned people. The healing of dermatological diseases such as acne, eczema and lichen will be in the form of spots; Skin areas that are irritated due to waxing, falling, rubbing, burns and scratches also heal in the form of darkening of color. For this reason, brunettes should be careful not to damage their skin too much. They should not squeeze their pimples, scratch their eczema, not tear the scabs and have their existing dermatological disorders treated immediately.
IT'S TIME TO LEAVE COLOR!
Age spots or liver spots; They are oval spots between flat light brown and dark brown tones seen in light-skinned people in sun-exposed areas. They are seen on the back of the hand, chest, back, shoulders and face. They begin to appear in middle age and increase in number over the years. The formation of new spots is prevented by using sunscreen and avoiding the sun.
Spot treatment is a treatment that requires discipline. Sunscreens are the most important step of treatment. Care should be taken that sunscreens protect from both ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B rays, have a long-lasting effect, be hypoallergenic, and are resistant to water and sweat. They should be used even in closed environments. People should avoid using products that irritate their skin. If an internal disease that may cause the stain is suspected, it should be investigated. The drug, which is risky in the possibility of drug-induced stain increase, should be discontinued.
DIFFERENT OPTIONS ARE AVAILABLE IN STAIN TREATMENT!
Dermatology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Gokhan Okan; “In the treatment of stains, bleaching creams, peeling, microneedling, PRP and laser methods are used. Color lightening creams; It contains substances such as hydroquinone, retinoic acid, azelleic acid, kojic acid, arbutin, tranexamic acid, niacinamide and glycolic acid. Products containing these substances can be used alone or in combination with each other. The treatment must be under the control of a dermatologist. The response to the treatment begins to show itself after two months. Patients are followed up at certain periods and medications are changed according to the response to the treatment. They must be used together with sunscreen," he said.
Peeling; It is another method used in spot treatment. Peeling method responds better to home-based cream treatment, especially in spots that are thought to be deeply located. The aim is both to ensure that the stained cells in the skin are peeled off and to suppress the color production in the color cells of the skin.
COMBINED TREATMENT FOR RESISTANT STAINS!
Peeling treatment is done in four to six sessions with two or three weeks apart. Care should be taken that the concentration of the acid to be used for the peeling process is not strong. The use of sunscreen should be continued after the treatment. After peeling, symptoms such as redness, mild crusting and dandruff can be observed on the skin. These findings are relieved with moisturizers in a few days.
In the PRP process, the growth factor components in the blood are purified by certain methods. It is then injected into the face. Since the application is made with an extract obtained from the human's own blood, it is extremely safe and has no side effects. It should be repeated at regular intervals. When the PRP process is applied together with the external treatment applied at home, the effectiveness on the stain increases.
Microneedling is the application of sterile, thin and very sharp needles of varying lengths of 0.5-2.5 mm to the skin surface with special apparatus. With this application, the needles create damages in the form of channels extending to the lower layer of the skin. These damages activate the skin's own healing mechanism and trigger the restructuring of the skin. With the opened microchannels, the drugs applied to the skin reach the deep. Color lightening products used after microneedling are applied to the skin through the opened channels.
Laser treatment is applied for stubborn, long-lasting and treatment-resistant spots. It is applied in sessions. Undesirable results can be encountered when it is not done in safe hands.