Today in History: The First Kidney Transplant in Turkey was Performed on a Patient named Yusuf Özer

First Kidney Transplantation in Turkey
First Kidney Transplantation in Turkey

January 30 is the 30nd day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 335.

Railways

  • 30 January The Demir Eastern Anatolian Railways yol agreement called anlaşma Eastern Anatolian Railways e was passed by the Council of Ministers and sent to Parliament.
  • 30 January 1929 1483 23 May 1927 dated 1042 was amended. The name of the General Directorate of State Railways and Ports; Ları General Directorate of State Railways and Ports “. Baghdad Railways Haydarpaşa Port and Quay Directorate General was abolished. 1 in Haydarpaşa. Business Inspectorate was established.
  • January 30 1941 24 came out from Germany to Turkey locomotive.
  • 30-31 January 1943 74th anniversary of Churchill and İnönü's station meeting in Adana. During the Second World War, in 1943, President İsmet İnönü met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in a wagon at the Yenice train station near Adana. Today is the 74th anniversary of this two-day contact, referred to as the Adana Meetings. Install a possible German attack on Churchill's attitude to the rest of Turkey out of the war had been discussed at this meeting face to face meetings.

Events

  • 1517 – Battle of Cairo (1517)
  • 1648 – The Treaty of Münster between the Netherlands and Spain is signed, ending the Eighty Years' War.
  • 1662 - Chinese general Koxinga captures the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege.
  • 1847 – The name of Yerba Buena, California, is changed to San Francisco.
  • 1867 - Mutsuhito becomes Emperor of Japan.
  • 1919 – At the Paris Peace Conference, the Allies decided to break up the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1925 – Turkish Government, Bishop VI. He decided to take Constantine out of Istanbul.
  • 1923 - Population Exchange Treaty was signed with Greece. With the implementation that started in December 1923 and lasted until 1927, 400 thousand Turks and more than 1 million Greeks were displaced.
  • 1930 – The National Economy and Savings Society was established.
  • 1931 – Boxer Küçük Kemal defeated the Greek champion Angelidis.
  • 1933 - Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor.
  • 1942 – Tudeh Party is founded in Iran.
  • 1942 – Cake making and trade were banned in Turkey, and the penalties for stockists were determined.
  • 1943 – Churchill came to Adana and held the meeting known as the “Adana Meeting” with İsmet İnönü.
  • 1946 – Communist regime declared in Hungary: People's Republic of Hungary
  • 1948 - Winter Olympic Games St. Moritz (Switzerland).
  • 1948 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi.
  • 1948 – A plane belonging to British South American Airways was lost in the Bermuda Triangle in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1950 - The Soviet Union recognized the North Vietnamese regime. France protested the Soviet Union.
  • 1951 – Minister of Health Ekrem Üstündağ announced that 300 thousand citizens die every year due to neglect.
  • 1967 – The first official television broadcast was made in Ankara.
  • 1969 - The Beatles gave their last concert. (The Beatles Rooftop Concert)
  • 1969 – The first kidney transplant in Turkey was performed on a patient named Yusuf Özer at Beyoğlu State Hospital. However, Yusuf Özer applied to the prosecutor's office, claiming that the kidney implanted in him was taken from a mental patient.
  • 1971 – In Istanbul, the Dev-Genç organized a march to demand the “Nationalization of Special Education”.
  • 1972 – British soldiers open fire on demonstrators in Northern Ireland, killing 14 human rights defenders. Today went down in UK history as Bloody Sunday.
  • 1972 – Pakistan left the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • 1975 – THY's Bursa plane, which made the Izmir-Istanbul flight, crashed into the Sea of ​​Marmara: 41 people died.
  • 1976 - George HW Bush becomes the 11th director of the CIA.
  • 1979 – The Iranian Government announced that they allowed the exiled religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini in France to return to the country.
  • 1980 – The opening of branches of foreign banks in Turkey was included in the scope of the Law on Foreign Capital. Bank branches were given the right to transfer their profits.
  • 1982 - The first PC virus code was written by Richard Skrenta. This program was 400 lines long and camouflaged itself as an Apple boot program called "Elk Cloner".
  • 1983 - The Nigerian Government deported more than 1 million Ghanaian and nearly 700 West African workers.
  • 1983 – The 12th execution of the September 36 Coup: Ahmet Kerse, the right-wing militant who killed the left-wing grocer working in his shop with 22-1979 shots on May 6, 7, was executed.
  • 1985 – During the “Sea Wolf-85” exercise in the Aegean Sea, a tank landing craft sank due to a storm: 39 sailors died.
  • 1987 – The Council of Ministers approved the new regulation in the military service law. The age of being outdated was lowered from 46 to 41, those who are a teacher by profession will do their military service as a teacher; Anyone who wishes will benefit from military service.
  • 1989 – The United States Embassy in Kabul (Afghanistan) was closed.
  • 2000 – A Kenyan Airlines passenger plane crashes into the ocean off the Ivory Coast: 169 people die.
  • 2001 – DYP Deputy Fevzi Şıhanlıoğlu died of a heart attack in the brawl that broke out during the bylaws negotiations in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • 2002 - Slobodan Milosevic claimed that the international war criminals tribunal of the United Nations organization had a demonic and hostile attitude towards him.
  • 2003 – Same-sex couple marriage is legalized in Belgium, making Belgium the second country in the world to pass this law after the Netherlands.
  • 2005 – Multi-party elections were held for the first time in 50 years in Iraq. Sunnis boycotted the election. The winners of the election were the Shiites. Jalal Talabani was elected the first Kurdish-born President of the country. Shiite Ibrahim al-Jafari also became Prime Minister.

Births

  • 133 – Didius Julianus, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
  • 1621 – II. György Rákóczi, Prince of Erdel (d. 1660)
  • 1720 – Bernardo Bellotto, Italian veduta painter and platemaker (d. 1780)
  • 1781 – Adelbert von Chamisso, German writer (d. 1838)
  • 1807 – William Henry Leonard Poe, American sailor, amateur poet (d. 1831)
  • 1828 – Rainilaiarivony, Malagasy politician (d. 1896)
  • 1841 – Félix Faure, sixth president of the Third Republic in France (d. 1899)
  • 1846 – Francis Bradley, English idealist philosopher (d. 1924)
  • 1872 – Eduard Bloch, Austrian medical professional (d. 1945)
  • 1882 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, American politician and 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
  • 1894 – III. Boris, Tsar of Bulgaria (d. 1943)
  • 1895 – Wilhelm Gustloff, National Socialist German leader (d. 1936)
  • 1899 – Max Theiler, South African virologist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
  • 1912 – Barbara Tuchman, American historian, author, and Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1989)
  • 1920 – Delbert Mann, American Oscar-winning director (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1930 – Gene Hackman, American actor and winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor, Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • 1935 – Richard Brautigan, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1937 - Boris Spassky, Russian chess player
  • 1937 - Vanessa Redgrave, English stage, television and film actress
  • 1938 – Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (d. 2016)
  • 1941 – Dick Cheney, American politician and 46th Vice President of the United States
  • 1956 – Feridun Sinirlioğlu, Turkish diplomat and politician
  • 1962 – II. Abdullah, King of Jordan
  • 1963 – Thomas Brezina, Austrian author of children's books
  • 1965 – Hazım Körmükçü, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1973 – Hakan Kaygusuz, Turkish football player
  • 1974 – Abdel Zaher El-Saka, Egyptian football player
  • 1974 – Christian Bale, Welsh film actor
  • 1976 - Cristian Brocchi, Italian football player
  • 1985 – Gisela Dulko, Argentine tennis player
  • 1987 – Arda Turan, Turkish football player
  • 1987 – Phil Lester, English YouTuber
  • 1997 – Meltem Avcı, Turkish basketball player

Deaths

  • 1730 – II. Peter, Emperor of Russia (b. 1715)
  • 1806 – Vicente Martín y Soler, Spanish composer (b. 1754)
  • 1838 – Osceola, Seminole native leader (b. 1804)
  • 1847 – Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe, American author (b. 1822)
  • 1858 – Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch aristocrat, zoologist, ornithologist, and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1867 – Kōmei, 121st emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 1831)
  • 1872 – Francis Rawdon Chesney, English general and explorer (b. 1789)
  • 1889 – Rudolf, crown prince of Austria (b. 1858)
  • 1890 – Tunisian Hayreddin Pasha, Ottoman statesman (b. 1823)
  • 1891 – Charles Joshua Chaplin, French landscape, portrait painter, and printmaker (b. 1825)
  • 1893 – Grigori Gagarin, Russian painter, Major General, and administrator (b. 1810)
  • 1923 – Arthur Kinnaird, British football player (b. 1847)
  • 1930 - Georgi Pyatakov, Bolshevik revolutionary leader, communist politician. He was executed for alleged anti-Soviet actions during the Great Purge. (b. 1890)
  • 1940 – Jules Payot, French educator and pedagogue (b. 1859)
  • 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian politician and freedom fighter (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Orville Wright, American pioneer aviator (b. 1871)
  • 1951 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian automotive engineer (b. 1875)
  • 1955 – Mim Kemal Öke, Turkish medical academic and physician (b. 1884)
  • 1963 – Francis Poulenc, French composer (b. 1899)
  • 1970 – Fritz Bayerlein, German Panzer general (b. 1899)
  • 1991 – Hulusi Sayın, Turkish soldier (in an armed attack in front of his house in Ankara) (b. 1926)
  • 1991 – John Bardeen, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – John McIntire, American actor (b. 1907)
  • 1998 – Ali Ulvi Ersoy, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1924)
  • 2001 – Jean-Pierre Aumont, French actor (b. 1911)
  • 2007 – Sidney Sheldon, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Fatma Refet Angın, Turkish educator and one of Turkey's first female teachers (b. 1915)
  • 2013 – Patty Andrews, American singer and actress (b. 1918)
  • 2015 – Hakkı Kıvanç, Turkish cinema and TV series actor (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Seyfi Doğanay, Turkish folk and arabesque music artist (b. 1964)
  • 2017 – Dore Ashton, American academic, author, art historian, and critic (b. 1928)
  • 2017 – Marta Becket, American dancer, choreographer, and painter (b. 1924)
  • 2021 – Pantelei Sandulache, Moldovan politician (b. 1956)
  • 2021 – Alla Yoshpe, Russian pop singer (b. 1937)

Holidays and special occasions

Storm: The End of His Ground

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