Today in History: Uşak Sugar Factory Opened

Usak Sugar Factory Was Opened
Usak Sugar Factory Was Opened

December 17 is the 351th day of the year (352th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 14.

Railways

  • 17 December 1907 The former Chancellor of Spain, Monsieur Moret, has appointed his fifth arbitrator to resolve the dispute between the Babıâli and the Orient Railways Company.

Events

  • 1399 – Mongol invasion of Europe begins.
  • 1586 - Go-Yōzei, 107th Emperor of Japan, ascends the throne.
  • 1637 - In Japan, the Shimabara riots begin.
  • 1777 - France became the first state to recognize the USA.
  • 1790 - Aztec "Aztec calendar" found in Mexico.
  • 1865 – by Franz Schubert, Unfinished Symphonywas sung for the first time.
  • 1903 – The Wright Brothers make the first flight in their gasoline-powered aircraft, the Wright Flyer, at Kitty Hawk (North Carolina): flight distance 37 m, flight time 12 seconds.
  • 1905 – 1905 Moscow Uprising suppressed. Tsarist armies massacred thousands of people during the 10-day rebellion.
  • 1908 – Committee of Union and Progress, II. After the declaration of the Constitutional Monarchy, it took the name of the Committee of Union and Progress.
  • 1908 – II. The newly elected Ottoman Parliament after the declaration of the Second Constitutional Monarchy held its first meeting.
  • 1917 – Tunceli's Pülümür district was liberated from the Russian occupation.
  • 1918 – French soldiers started to land in Mersin from the sea. Mersin, Tarsus, Adana, Ceyhan, Misis and Toprakkale were occupied.
  • 1919 – The Workers and Farmers Socialist Party of Turkey was founded.
  • 1925 – The neutrality treaty was signed between Turkey and the Soviet Union.
  • 1926 – Uşak Sugar Factory was opened.
  • 1928 – The uprising against King Emanullah Khan begins in Afghanistan.
  • 1934 – With the Law dated November 1934 Kemal The Law stating that the surname "Atatürk" given to the President named Öz, or the names made by mentioning the beginning and the end of it, cannot be taken as the surname and surname by anyone, was passed in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • 1935 - First flight of the Douglas DC-3 aircraft.
  • 1936 – 19 Mayıs Stadium in Ankara was opened with the speech of Prime Minister İsmet İnönü.
  • 1941 - The Germans besieged Sevastopol.
  • 1941 – İsmet İnönü Government announced that bread would be distributed with ration cards starting from the new year.
  • 1961 – 323 people died in a circus fire in Niteroi (Brazil).
  • 1965 – The UN decided that Turkey could not intervene in Cyprus. Turkey rejected this decision.
  • 1965 – Turkish Idea Clubs Federation (FKF) was founded.
  • 1967 - Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming near Portsea (Victoria).
  • 1969 - The US Air Force announced that they did not find any evidence of an extraterrestrial spaceship as a result of their UFO research.
  • 1969 – SALT-I negotiations begin.
  • 1971 – The foundation of the 3rd Golden Horn Bridge was laid.
  • 1973 – The American Psychiatric Association delisted homosexuality from the DSM, stating that orientation is not a disease.
  • 1979 – The ballet Ferhat and Şirin, a work of Nâzım Hikmet and choreographed by Arif Melikov, was excluded from TRT's Art World program.
  • 1980 – 38 artists whose works were deemed objectionable at Istanbul City Theaters were dismissed. Among the dismissed artists were Başar Sabuncu, Ali Taygun, Mustafa Alabora, Erdal Özyağcılar, Orhan Alkaya, and Beklan Algan.
  • 1980 – Turkey's Consul General in Sydney Sarik Arıyak and guard police Enver Sever died as a result of an armed attack. ASALA organization claimed responsibility for the attack.
  • 1981 - The Red Brigades kidnapped General James Dozier, the highest-ranking NATO soldier in Italy.
  • 1981 – Police opened fire on demonstrating workers in Poland: 7 workers were killed.
  • 1982 – President Kenan Evren, who went to Indonesia after completing his trip in China, was greeted by President Suharto with 21 guns and a great military ceremony.
  • 1983 – 82 people died in a fire in a nightclub in Madrid.
  • 1983 – Erdal İnönü was re-elected as the general chairman of SODEP.
  • 1984 – YÖK requested that an “information slip” be kept about faculty members and students.
  • 1989 – Primary and secondary schools in Ankara were closed due to air pollution.
  • 1989 – The first elections were held in Brazil after 25 years.
  • 1989 – American animated television sitcom The Simpsonsbegan airing on FOX as a half-hour golden hour show.
  • 1991 – The first football murder in Turkey took place after the Galatasaray (football team) GS-BJK match.
  • 1994 – Yeni Yüzyıl newspaper started its publication life.
  • 1995 - Ghanaian Kofi Annan became the UN Secretary General.
  • 1996 – It was determined that the weapons found in Sedat Bucak's car belonged to the Police Department.
  • 1997 – Virtue Party was founded under the chairmanship of İsmail Alptekin.
  • 1997 – A passenger plane from Ukraine crashed into a mountain near Katerini (Greece): 70 people died.
  • 1998 – Safranbolu was included in the World Heritage List as a cultural asset.
  • 2002 – Iraqi regime opponents gathered in London and agreed on the establishment of a democratic and federal Iraq, holding free elections and drafting a constitution within a period not exceeding 2 years after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's regime.
  • 2002 – The Parliament of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ratifies the Dayton Peace Agreement seven years later, ending the 43-month war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 2002 – US President George W. Bush orders the deployment of a defense system known as the missile shield, developed for defense against ballistic missiles.
  • 2004 – As a result of an armed attack near the Iraqi city of Mosul, 5 Turkish security guards were killed.
  • 2004 – The EU decided to start negotiations with Turkey on October 3, 2005.
  • 2004 – Registered as World Mathematics Massacre Day. 2/3 natural number is declared.
  • 2010 - Google develops a new web scanner that maps the entire human body. He named it as Google Body.
  • 2013 – Corruption, bribery and smuggling operations started in Turkey where 4 Ministers, bureaucrats at various levels and businessmen are the suspects.
  • 2016 – There was an explosion in Kayseri, Turkey. (2016 Kayseri attack)

Births

  • 1267 – Go-Uda, 91st Emperor of Japan (d. 1324)
  • 1493 – Paracelsus, Swiss physician, alchemist, botanist, and astrologer (d. 1541)
  • 1734 – Maria I was Queen of Portugal from 1777-1816 and Queen of Brazil from 1815 to 1816 (d. 1816)
  • 1770 – Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer (d. 1827)
  • 1778 – Sir Humphry Davy, English chemist and physicist (d. 1829)
  • 1797 – Joseph Henry, American physicist (d. 1878)
  • 1842 – Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1899)
  • 1864 – Felix Körling, Swedish composer (d. 1937)
  • 1896 – Anastasiya Platonovna Zuyeva, Soviet actress (d. 1986)
  • 1897 – Hasan Âli Yücel, Turkish teacher, former Minister of National Education and founder of Village Institutes (d. 1961)
  • 1903 – Erskine Caldwell, American writer (Tobacco Road best known for his novel) (d. 1987)
  • 1931 – Safa Önal, Turkish screenwriter, director and writer
  • 1936 – Pope Francis (Jorge Mario Bergoglio), Pope
  • 1936 – Tuncer Necmioğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor, screenwriter and theater critic (d. 2006)
  • 1937 – John Kennedy Toole, American author and Pulitzer Prize winner (d. 1969)
  • 1944 – İlhan Erdost, Turkish publisher (d. 1980)
  • 1946 – Eugene Levy, Canadian actor, television director, producer, and writer
  • 1946 – Rıza Silahlıpoda, Turkish musician
  • 1948 – Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, Turkish politician
  • 1956 – Itır Esen, Turkish cinema artist
  • 1958 – Mine Koşan, Turkish voice artist
  • 1958 – Roberto Tozzi, Italian athlete
  • 1961 – Ersun Yanal, Turkish football player and coach
  • 1965 – Ali Çatalbaş, Turkish theater and cinema artist
  • 1971 – Claire Forlani, Italian-English actress
  • 1973 – Nevzat Süs, Turkish theater artist
  • 1973 – Martha Érika Alonso, Mexican politician and bureaucrat (d. 2018)
  • 1975 – Milla Jovovich, Ukrainian model and artist
  • 1975 – Oktay Derelioğlu, Turkish football player
  • 1976 – Edward Aguilera, Spanish singer
  • 1981 – Tolgahan Sayisman, Turkish model and actor
  • 1991 - Jin Izumisawa, Japanese football player
  • 1992 – Andrew Nabbout, Australian football player

Deaths

  • 535 – Ankan, 27th Emperor of Japan
  • 1273 – Mevlana Celaleddin-i Rumi, mystic and poet (b. 1207)
  • 1763 – Frederick Christian, Prince of Saxony (b. 1722)
  • 1830 – Simón Bolívar, leader of the South American war of independence (b. 1783)
  • 1860 – Désirée Clary, Queen of Switzerland (b. 1777)
  • 1898 – Hermann Wilhelm Vogel, German photochemist and photographer (b. 1834)
  • 1907 – William Thomson (Lord Kelvin), English physicist (b. 1824)
  • 1909 – II. Léopold (King of Belgium), King of Belgium (b. 1835)
  • 1905 – Aleksey Uhtomsky, Russian revolutionary and Socialist Revolutionary Party leader (b. 1875)
  • 1933 – Hasan Fehmi Hodja, Turkish politician and Kastamonu deputy
  • 1935 – Juan Vicente Gómez, dictator of Venezuela (1908-1935) (b. 1864)
  • 1947 – Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, Danish physical chemist (b. 1879)
  • 1964 – Victor Franz Hess, Austrian physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – María Teresa Vera, Cuban singer, guitarist, and composer (b. 1895)
  • 1966 – Bronislovas Paukštys, Lithuanian Catholic priest (b. 1897)
  • 1969 – Hadi Hün, Turkish theater actor (b. 1907)
  • 1972 – Muzaffer Alankuş, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – Oskar Kummetz, soldier in Nazi Germany (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Cemal Tural, Turkish soldier and former Chief of General Staff (b. 1905)
  • 1987 – Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian writer (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Dana Andrews, American actress (b. 1909)
  • 1995 – Isa Yusuf Alptekin, Uyghur politician and General Secretary of the East Turkestan Republic (b. 1901)
  • 2009 – Jennifer Jones, American Oscar-winning actress (b. 1919)
  • 2011 – Kim Jong-il, former national leader of North Korea (b. 1941)
  • 2011 – Cesaria Evora, Cape Verdean singer (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Bilal Ercan, Turkish folk music and baglama artist (b. 1962)
  • 2016 – Henry Heimlich, Jewish-American thoracic surgeon and medical researcher (b. 1920)

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