Runny nose is a condition that everyone experiences from time to time, and there can be many factors that can cause a runny nose. Stating that allergies are one of the important causes of long-term persistent runny nose, Allergy and Asthma Association President Prof. Dr. Ahmet Akçay gave important information on the subject. Is a runny nose a symptom of allergies? What causes a runny nose from allergies? How to distinguish the flu from a runny nose caused by allergies? How is a runny nose caused by allergies? How do I protect myself from allergens?
Is a runny nose a symptom of allergies?
There are many symptoms of allergies. One of the most common symptoms among these is a runny nose. The majority of nasal symptoms are usually related to allergies. Allergic rhinitis, known as hay fever, is a term used to describe allergic reactions in the nose. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis include runny nose, congestion, sneezing, and itching in the nose, eyes, and roof of your mouth.
What causes a runny nose from allergies?
There are multiple triggers that can cause nasal allergy symptoms. Not all people who suffer from nasal symptoms have the same triggers. If you have a seasonal allergy, you may be allergic to a particular tree or grass pollen that only makes your symptoms appear at a certain time of year. Or you may be allergic to a particular type of mold that occurs when it is rainy and the leaves are wet in the fall. More than two-thirds of people who suffer from seasonal allergies also have symptoms year-round. These can be caused by dust mites, cockroaches, pet dander from pets, and allergens such as mold. Knowing your triggers is important.
Once you know your triggers, it will be easier for you to avoid them and seek treatment.
How to distinguish the flu from a runny nose caused by allergies?
There is no fever in the runny nose caused by allergies. Symptoms such as consecutive sneezing, itchy nose, itching in the throat are not observed. Fever is common in the flu. There may be a sore throat. Muscle pain may occur. In cases that cannot be separated according to the symptoms, an allergy test is performed to confirm the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.
How is a runny nose caused by allergies?
If you have symptoms such as a runny nose, congestion, sneezing that doesn't go away, you should first go to an allergist to find out if you have allergies. Your doctor will determine what is causing your allergies and your triggers with some tests.
Both seasonal and year-round allergies can cause a runny nose, stuffy nose, and sneezing. For this reason, your doctor will perform the appropriate allergy test for you according to your symptoms and current situation. Once your trigger is determined, you can control your symptoms with allergy vaccination and allergen protection options.
Long-term treatment of your allergies can be achieved with the allergy vaccine.
Allergy vaccine, that is, immunotherapy, is a treatment method that aims to desensitize the body to allergen substances. With this treatment against respiratory allergens, allergies such as house dust mites, pollen, mold and pets can be successfully treated. This treatment, which includes the gradual introduction of the allergen into the body, is a very successful treatment. It can also reduce the progression of your allergies and the risk of developing allergic asthma. Allergy vaccines can be given once a week at first, and then the frequency of injections is once a month. The success rate of this treatment, which lasts for several years, is quite high.
How do I protect myself from allergens?
Completely avoiding respiratory allergens is not easy. However, some precautions you can take can help you control your symptoms.
house dust mites
- If you are allergic to house dust mites, you should first reduce the number of fabric materials in your home as much as possible; such as carpets, rugs, curtains.
- It would be helpful to use allergen-proof covers on the beds.
- You should wash bedding and linens at least once a week on high heat.
- Use synthetic pillows and acrylic duvets instead of wool blankets or feather bedding
- Use a vacuum cleaner with a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter.
- It is exposure to dead skin, saliva, and dry urine flakes, not pet dander, that causes an allergic reaction. If you don't want to take your pet away from home, you can take the following precautions:
- Keep pets out of the place where you spend the most time as much as possible, and prevent them from getting into your bedroom, especially.
- Bathe your pet every week, with the advice of your veterinarian.
- Have someone who is not allergic to comb your pet outside of the house.
- Mattresses, etc., on which your pet is standing. wash regularly.
- Different plants and trees shed their pollen at different times of the year, and exposure to the pollen you are allergic to can worsen your symptoms. Therefore:
- Check weather reports for pollen counts and stay indoors when it's high.
- Do not dry your laundry outside when the pollen count is high.
- Pollen is most around in the morning and evening hours; Keep windows and doors closed during these hours.
- You can wear a wide-brimmed hat, goggles and a mask when going out during periods of high pollen count. Take off your clothes and take a shower as soon as you get home.
- Molds can grow on any rotting material inside and outside the home. Spores released by molds are allergens and can trigger symptoms.
- Always check the areas in your home where mold growth may occur.
- Leaky plumbing can cause mold. So be sure to check these areas and make sure they don't leak.
- When showering or cooking, open windows, but keep interior doors closed and use an extractor hood to prevent moist air from escaping into the home.
- Avoid drying the laundry indoors or storing them in damp cabinets.