Along with those who set off in the early hours of the morning to go to work or school, those who start their day early continue to complain about the daylight saving time. Despite the transition to permanent daylight saving time in Turkey since 2016, the debates come up again every year. Especially those who live in the west of the country and start their day early in the morning want this practice to be removed. One of the issues that citizens are most curious about is whether this application is of any benefit to the citizens' pockets or to the country. The electricity suppliers comparison and replacement site encazip.com searched for the answer to this curious question.
With the arrival of the winter months, the discussions about the 'permanent daylight saving time' application came to the fore again, as every year. The total population of the provinces in the west of Turkey is approximately 56 million. Permanent daylight saving time is also affected by the population who are accustomed to getting up early, as well as the students who start work early and go to school. Last October, the issue was brought back to the Parliament and a call was made to abandon this practice, but the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources announced that there was no work on the abolition of daylight saving time. All this was not enough to prevent social debates. Well, what has been the contribution of the daylight saving time application, which is the subject of discussion every year despite being put into practice in 2016, to the citizens and the country's economy? The electricity suppliers comparison and replacement site encazip.com has searched for those who are curious about the daylight saving time application.
Permanent daylight saving time was introduced in 2016
The idea of daylight saving time, which was introduced in the 19th century to make more use of daylight, spread all over the world in the 20th century. Daylight saving time has been introduced in many countries. Since 1972, a summer-winter time distinction has been applied in Turkey. With the decision published in the Official Gazette on September 7, 2016, Turkey abandoned the long-term use of winter time and switched to daylight saving time. This situation did not affect all parts of the country to the same extent. With the permanent implementation in summer time, working hours in the cities of the west of the country in the winter months started before the weather got light. This did not affect those living in the east much, as there was a difference of 76 minutes between the western and eastern ends of Turkey. According to my current language, it rises at 06.51 in Iğdır and at 08.05 in Edirne. For this reason, those living in cities in the east continue to wake up to a bright day.
Twice the savings in an hour
The most curious question of citizens living in cities in the west of the country, which suffer from permanent daylight saving time, is how this practice reflects on the citizens' bills and whether they save money. In the electricity market, energy costs are determined hourly, and among the tariffs offered to consumers, there are three-time electricity tariffs with different pricing at different times of the day. The time period with the highest electricity cost and consumer prices is between 17.00-22.00. In time zones outside these hours, the costs are quite low. The nighttime tariff with the cheapest electricity price ends at 6.00:6.00 am, which is the time most people wake up and prepare for their commute. As a result, electricity consumption increases at this hour. From 17.00 am to sunrise, the low-priced daytime tariff is still valid. Under normal conditions, electricity consumption in homes was more intense between 22.00:1 and 2:50, which are peak hours, but with the abolition of the winter time application, the electricity consumed during peak hours was shifted to night and day hours. Thus, on a tariff basis, a savings of approximately XNUMX percent occurs on the electricity bill for a period of XNUMX-XNUMX hours.
It was announced that 3.97 billion TL was saved annually.
According to the "Fixed Time Practice (SSU) Evaluation Report", which was prepared as a result of the studies carried out within the scope of the contract signed between the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources and Istanbul Technical University (ITU) to investigate the effects of daylight saving time, Turkey's permanent daylight saving time implementation is 1 It is said that it has achieved savings in excess of TL billion. It is stated that 2016 billion kilowatt-hours have been saved since the introduction of fixed daylight saving time in 6.82. However, there are different studies on this subject. Professor at Cambridge University, England. Dr. According to the research conducted by Sinan Küfeoğlu and his friends, there is no saving with permanent summer time. The study calculated electricity prices, energy consumption and climate variables between 2012 and 2020. The study concluded that daylight saving time did not save measurable amounts or cause as much electricity use as another claimed view.
Only 22 percent of citizens are satisfied with the permanent daylight saving time
According to a study conducted in Turkey, only 22 percent of citizens are satisfied with the permanent daylight saving time. According to research, 66 percent of the people want to return to winter and summer time as before. The rate of those who state that they are satisfied with the constant daylight saving time is only 22 percent. However, this satisfaction reflects psychological data, not economic, because individual savings are very limited and only cover a small part of the day. Especially people living in the west of the country do not want the weather to be dark at the beginning of the day. This is because they do not want to go to work in the dark and they find it dangerous for their children to go to school in the dark.
Europeans don't want daylight saving time
The European Commission, the executive body of the European Union (EU), conducted a survey to find out the views of Europeans on summer and winter times. According to the results of the survey, in which 4 million 600 people participated, the majority of Europeans, unlike the citizens of our country, find the daylight saving time unnecessary. If the application is abolished within the EU, it is foreseen that each country will decide for itself whether to use summer time or winter time. Daylight saving time also affects the way of doing business of some international companies and companies working internationally. Another undesirable effect of daylight saving time is the widening of time difference with the EU, Turkey's largest market, and the western world. Some companies may be adversely affected by this situation as common working hours are reduced. However, on the other hand, it is stated that those who travel to the west for business are satisfied with the application. Because they will travel from Istanbul to London for business, take a 9:00 flight to London and arrive there at 9:00 London time.
“Although there is no clear data for the electricity market, permanent daylight saving time reduces costs”
Evaluating the daylight saving time implementation discussions, Çağada KIRIM, the founder of encazip.com, said: “The statement made by the Ministry expresses the total energy savings. However, no clear information has been disclosed for the electricity market, and the data we have is limited. Authorities' disclosure of more transparent data on this issue and the publication of prepared reports in full detail will prevent discussions by convincing citizens. But in terms of electricity costs, shifting consumption from peak hours to daylight hours means about 40 to 60 percent cheaper electricity costs. On the other hand, considering that there is more activity after 17.00, increasing the electricity need during day and night hours and decreasing it during peak hours is a balancing factor for the electricity market and reducing costs. Although it is difficult to realize individually, it would be fair to say that shifting the 1-2 hour electricity consumption from the hour when the electricity costs are high to the hour when the electricity costs are lower is a logical approach that will save money from the perspective of energy economy.”