Today in History: The Turkish Grand National Assembly Conferred on Atatürk the Title of Head Teacher of National Schools

Ataturk received the title of Head Teacher of National Schools
Ataturk received the title of Head Teacher of National Schools
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November 24 is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 37.

Railways

  • 24 November 1890 Concession The Haifa-Der'a line, which was given to the British, was sold to the Ottoman Government.

Olaylar

  • 1489 – Jeanne d'Arc unsuccessfully sieges Charité during the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1642 - Abel Tasman becomes the first European to set foot in Tasmania.
  • 1859 - British naturalist Charles Darwin published his book "The Origin of Species", proposing the theory of evolution.
  • 1874 - Joseph Farwell Glidden patented barbed wire with the number "157.124".
  • 1925 – Demonstrations were held in Erzurum against the hat reform. 13 of those arrested were sentenced to death and martial law was declared in Erzurum for a month.
  • 1927 – Victory Monument by Heinrich Krippel was opened in Ankara.
  • 1928 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave Atatürk the title of “Head Teacher of National Schools”.
  • 1934 – With the decision of the Council of Ministers, the Hagia Sophia Mosque was accepted to be a museum.
  • 1934 – President Gazi Mustafa Kemal, with the law passed by the Parliament Ataturk took his last name.
  • 1939 - Gestapo kills 120 students in Czechoslovakia.
  • 1941 – II. In the environment of World War II; The making of cakes and bakery products was banned.
  • 1961 – UN accepts nuclear weapons ban despite US protest.
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, suspected murderer of United States President John F. Kennedy, is murdered by Jack Ruby.
  • 1974 – The team of French Maurice Taieb and American paleontologist Donald Johanson found Lucy, a 105 cm tall Australopithecus afarensis fossil about four million years old in the Hadar region of Ethiopia.
  • 1976 – Van and its environs; 7,2 people died in the 3 magnitude earthquake that was effective in Çaldıran-Muradiye.
  • 1977 – King Alexander II of Greece, father of Alexander the Great. He announced that Philip's tomb had been found.
  • 1981 – Teachers' Day was celebrated for the first time in Turkey in 100, which is the 1981th anniversary of Atatürk's birth and was declared the Year of Atatürk by Kenan Evren.
  • 1983 - Israel releases 6 Palestinians in exchange for 4800 Israeli soldiers detained in Tripoli.
  • 1988 – The Independent State of Palestine in Exile is established.
  • 1989 – 28 citizens, mostly women and children, were killed by terrorists in İkiyaka Village of Yüksekova District of Hakkari.
  • 1990 – Women protested the statements of Cemil Çiçek, Minister of State for Family Affairs, that “flirting is prostitution” and “feminism is perversion” by blowing the whistle. During the action in Istanbul Galatasaray, the police beat 5 women, 11 women were detained.
  • 1994 – Galatasaray beat FC Barcelona 2-1; 3 people died during the celebrations.
  • 1994 – The movie named “Trail to Doomsday” of the legendary TV series MacGyver was screened in Turkey.
  • 1996 – ANAP Chairman Mesut Yılmaz was attacked with fists in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel in Budapest.
  • 2005 - Picasso in Istanbul exhibition opened at Sabancı University Sakıp Sabancı Museum.
  • 2015 – A Sukhoi Su-24 type fighter jet belonging to the Russian Air Force was shot down on the Syrian-Turkish border by two F-16s belonging to the Turkish Air Force, on the grounds that it violated the Turkish airspace.

births

  • 1632 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (d. 1677)
  • 1655 - XI. Karl, king of Sweden from 1660 until his death (d. 1697)
  • 1713 – Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (d. 1768)
  • 1784 – Zachary Taylor, American politician and 12th President of the United States (d. 1850)
  • 1826 – Carlo Collodi, Italian journalist and author (d. 1890)
  • 1857 – Salih Münir Pasha, Turkish administrator and diplomat (d. 1939)
  • 1859 – Mehmed Nuri Efendi, the last Shaykh al-Islam of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1927)
  • 1864 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French impressionist painter (d. 1901)
  • 1872 – Georgy Vasilyevich Chicherin, Soviet diplomat (d. 1936)
  • 1873 – Julius Martov, Russian Menshevik leader of Jewish descent (d. 1923)
  • 1877 – Alben W. Barkley, American politician and 35th vice president of the United States (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Eli Heckscher, Swedish historian (d. 1952)
  • 1884 – Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, 2nd President of the State of Israel (d. 1963)
  • 1885 – Christian Wirth, senior German police and SS officer (d. 1944)
  • 1887 – Erich von Manstein, German general (d. 1973)
  • 1887 – Charles Lucky Luciano, Italian-American criminal (d. 1962)
  • 1888 – Dale Carnegie, American author, self-help, and communications expert (d. 1955)
  • 1889 – Zalman Shazar, 3rd President of Israel (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Lucky Luciano, Sicilian-American outlaw (d. 1962)
  • 1898 – Naciye Sultan (Killigil), granddaughter of Ottoman Sultan Sultan Abdülmecit and daughter of Şehzade Süleyman Efendi (d. 1957)
  • 1908 - Libertad Lamarque, Mexico - Argentine actress and singer (d. 2000)
  • 1913 – Geraldine Fitzgerald, Irish actress and member of the American Theater Hall of Fame (d. 2005)
  • 1916 – Forrest J. Ackerman, American science fiction writer, editor, actor, and collector (d. 2008)
  • 1921 – John Lindsay, American politician, lawyer, and television personality (d. 2000)
  • 1924 – Lorne Munroe, Canadian-American cellist (d. 2020)
  • 1925 – Simon van der Meer, Dutch physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Tsung-Dao Lee, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1931 – Tommy Allsup, American rock and roll country swing musician and producer (d. 2017)
  • 1932 – Claudio Naranjo, Chilean writer, activist, and psychiatrist (d. 2019)
  • 1935 – Caliph bin Salman al-Khalifa, Bahraini royal family member and politician who served as Prime Minister of Bahrain from 1970 to 2020 (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Willy Claes, Belgian politician
  • 1938 - Oscar Robertson, retired professional American basketball player
  • 1941 – Pete Best, English musician
  • 1943 - David Bing is a former American professional basketball player.
  • 1945 – Samih Rifat, Turkish architect, photographer, translator and writer (d. 2007)
  • 1946 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989)
  • 1947 – Dwight Schultz is an American stage actor, television and motion picture actor, and voice actor.
  • 1948 – Erman Toroğlu, Turkish football player, referee and sports writer
  • 1952 – Thierry Lhermitte is a French actor, director and screenwriter.
  • 1953 – Gül Onat, Turkish theater and TV series actress
  • 1954 – Emir Kusturica, Serbian director
  • 1955 – Ian Botham, English former football player, cricketer and commentator
  • 1955 – Scott Hoch, American golfer
  • 1955 – Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth was a Swedish politician.
  • 1955 – Najib Mikati, Lebanese politician and businessman
  • 1956 Terry Lewis, American record producer
  • 1957 – Denise Crosby, American actress, producer, model, and dubbing artist
  • 1958 – Roy Aitken, Scottish former footballer, manager
  • 1958 – Nick Knight, British fashion and documentary photographer
  • 1961 – Arundhati Roy, Indian writer and anti-war activist
  • 1963 – Neale Cooper, Scottish former football player and coach (d. 2018)
  • 1964 – Garret Dillahunt is an American actor.
  • 1964 – Brad Sherwood, American actor, comedian, and television host
  • 1965 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
  • 1968 – Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish football player and coach
  • 1969 – David Adeang is a Nauruan politician.
  • 1970 – Julieta Venegas, Mexican singer, musician, and songwriter
  • 1972 – Hüseyin Karadayı, Turkish DJ and producer
  • 1975 – Murat Prosçiler, Turkish cinema, theater actor and voice actor
  • 1977 – Colin Hanks, American actor
  • 1977 – Celaleddin Koçak, Turkish football player
  • 1978 - Katherine Heigl is an actress
  • 1979 – Deniz Hamzaoğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor, director, dramaturg and trainer
  • 1979 - Joseba Llorente, Spanish former football player
  • 1980 – Beth Phoenix was an American professional wrestler.
  • 1982 – Damla Gunay, Turkish archer
  • 1983 - Dean Ashton, English international football player
  • 1983 - Karine Vanasse, Canadian actress
  • 1984 – Maria Höfl-Riesch, German alpine skier
  • 1985 – Irmak Atuk, Turkish actress, presenter and model
  • 1986 – Julia Aleksandratu, Greek model, singer, actress and pornographic film actress
  • 1986 – Pedro Leon, Spanish football player
  • 1990 – Sarah Hyland, American actress and singer
  • 1990 – Tom Odell, English singer-songwriter
  • 1990 – Mario Gaspar Pérez, Spanish national football player
  • 1993 – Ivi Adamu, Greek Cypriot singer
  • 1993 – Hande Ercel, Turkish actress and model
  • 1994 - Nabil Bentaleb, Algerian national football player

Weapon

  • 654 – Kōtoku, 36th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 596)
  • 1072 – Alp Arslan, 2nd Sultan of the Great Seljuk State (b. 1029)
  • 1072 – IV. Bagrat, Kingdom of Georgia from 1027 to 1072 (b. 1018)
  • 1227 – Leszek Biały, prince of Poland (b. 1186)
  • 1741 – Ulrika Eleonora, queen of Sweden (b. 1688)
  • 1870 – Comte de Lautréamont, French poet (b. 1846)
  • 1885 – Nicolás Avellaneda, Argentine politician, journalist (b. 1837)
  • 1920 – Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian poet, novelist, playwright, and literary critic (b. 1854)
  • 1922 – Sydney Sonnino, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1847)
  • 1929 – Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France (b. 1841)
  • 1934 – Mikhail Khrushevsky, Ukrainian academic, politician, historian (b. 1866)
  • 1948 – Robert Cecil, British politician and diplomat (b. 1864)
  • 1948 – Anna Jarvis, initiator of Mother's Day in the United States (b. 1864)
  • 1956 – Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (b. 1886)
  • 1961 – Mehmet Tevfik Bıyıklıoğlu, Turkish soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1961 – Ruth Chatterton, American stage, film, and television actress, aviator, and novelist (b. 1892)
  • 1963 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin (defendant arrested for allegedly assassinating US President John F. Kennedy) (b. 1939)
  • 1965 – Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, elder son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah (b. 1895)
  • 1968 – István Dobi, Hungarian politician (b. 1898)
  • 1980 – George Raft, American actor (b. 1895)
  • 1985 – Sinan Alaağaç, Turkish football player (b. 1960)
  • 1990 – Bülent Arel, pioneer of Turkish electronic music and classical western music composer (b. 1919)
  • 1991 – Freddie Mercury, English musician and lead singer of Queen (due to AIDS-related pneumonia) (b. 1946)
  • 2000 – Önder Açıkalın, Turkish actor (b. 1950)
  • 2001 – Memet Baydur, Turkish playwright (b. 1951)
  • 2002 – John Rawls, American philosopher (b. 1921)
  • 2004 – Arthur Hailey, British-born Canadian writer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Pat Morita, American actor (b. 1932)
  • 2009 – Samak Sundaravej, Thai politician and 25th President of Thailand (b. 1935)
  • 2016 – Shirley Bunnie Foy, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 2016 – Florence Henderson, American actress, singer, and TV host (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Ángel Berni, former Paraguayan international football player (b. 1931)
  • 2018 – Ambareesh is an Indian actor and politician (b. 1952)
  • 2018 – Ricky Jay, American magician, actor, and writer (b. 1948)
  • 2018 – Věra Růžičková, Former Czech female gymnast (b. 1928)
  • 2019 – Goo Hara, South Korean singer and actress (b. 1991)
  • 2019 – Kailsh Chandra Joshi, Indian politician (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Montserrat Carulla, Spanish actress (b. 1930)
  • 2020 – Yves Vander Cruysen, Belgian historian and political activist (b. 1963)
  • 2020 – Damián Iguacén Borau was Spanish Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1916)
  • 2020 – Kambozia Partovi, Iranian film director and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Frederick Sasakamoose, Canadian professional ice hockey player (b. 1933)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Teachers' Day and Week
Rail Industry Show Armin sohbet

2 Comments

  1. The entry that says “1489 – Jeanne d'Arc unsuccessfully sieges Charite” should have the year 1430 (note 1489), and the name of the town was La Charite (La-Charite-sur-Loire). The verb should be “besieges” (“sieges” is a noun, the plural form of “siege”; the verb is “to besiege”)..

  2. In my previous post, I should have said “1429” rather than 1430 – the siege of La Charite was in 1429.

Comments