Today in History: General Directorate of State Theaters (Turkey) Established

General Directorate of State Theaters Established
General Directorate of State Theaters Established

November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 56.

Railways

  • November 5, 1903 With a decree, half of Hendeshane-i Mülkiye graduates are hired at Hicaz Railways. This practice was extended to the graduates of Mekteb-i Sanayi and Darü'l-Hayr-i Ali in 1906.
  • 5 November 2016 Local Tram Started to Carry Passengers in Samsun

Olaylar 

  • 1138 – Lý Anh Tông ascended the throne as emperor of Vietnam at the age of two, starting a 37-year reign.
  • 1499 – The Catholicon Publication by Jehan Lagadeuc in Tréguier in 1464; this is the first Breton dictionary and also the first French dictionary.
  • 1556 – Mughal Empire in India, II. Panipat Victory kazanarak has regained its former strength. Claiming the throne, Hemu was defeated by Akbar Shah's vizier, Bayram Khan, and the interregnum of the Mughal Dynasty came to an end.
  • 1605 - Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up the Palace of Westminster in England. Fawkes and his friends were executed. (Gunpowder conspiracy)
  • 1638 – IV. The Ottoman army under the command of Murat entered Mosul.
  • 1757 - King of Prussia II. Friedrich defeated France at Rosbach in the Seven Years' War.
  • 1780 - Franco-American forces under Colonel LaBalme are defeated by Miami Chief 'Little Turtle'.
  • 1840 - Afghanistan surrenders to the British.
  • 1854 – The Anglo-French Combined Navy defeats the Russian fleet in the Crimean War.
  • 1895 - George B. Selden of Rochester, New York, received the first US patent for the gasoline-powered automobile.
  • 1898 – Negrese nationalists revolt against Spanish rule and establish the short-lived Republic of Negros.
  • 1911 – After declaring war on the Ottoman Empire on September 29, 1911; Italy annexed Tripoli and Cyrenaica.
  • 1912 - Woodrow Wilson ran the US Presidential election kazanwas.
  • 1914 - The United Kingdom and France declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1914 – The administration of Cyprus passed from the Ottoman Empire to the United Kingdom.
  • 1919 – Gaziantep is occupied by French forces.
  • 1922 – Grand National Assembly Delegation headed by İsmet Pasha moved to Switzerland to attend the Lausanne Peace Conference.
  • 1924 - Puyi, the "Little Emperor" of China, is expelled from the royal palace. Manchu titles revoked.
  • 1925 - Benito Mussolini shuts down all left parties.
  • 1925 – Ankara Faculty of Law was opened by Atatürk.
  • 1930 - The first television commercial is shown in London.
  • 1934 – General Directorate of State Theaters (Turkey) was established.
  • 1936 – The School of Political Sciences, formerly known as Mekteb-i Mülkiye, was moved from Istanbul to Ankara.
  • 1940 - Franklin D. Roosevelt in the US Presidential election kazanwas.
  • 1942 – II. During the days of World War II, bread was banned in restaurants and pubs.
  • 1945 - Colombia became a member of the United Nations organization.
  • 1956 – Soviet tanks suppress the uprising in Hungary; A new Government was formed, headed by Janos Kadar.
  • 1957 – Chairman of the Vatan Party Dr. Hikmet Kıvılcımlı was arrested. Kıvılcımlı was accused of making communist propaganda by using religion as a political tool.
  • 1964 – Turkey – Soviet Union Cultural Agreement was signed.
  • 1968 – Richard M. Nixon in the US Presidential election kazanwas.
  • 1972 – Bülent Ecevit said to İsmet İnönü, who resigned from his CHP membership the day before, “I wish İnönü well-being and longevity”.
  • 1979 - Ayatollah Khomeini declared the USA the greatest evil.
  • 1984 – A general strike against racism was held in the Republic of South Africa.
  • 1986 – 45 years after its burning, the Istanbul Orthodox Fener Greek Patriarchate was allowed to be rebuilt.
  • 1991 – Floods in the Philippines killed about 7000 people.
  • 1994 – George Foreman, 45, knocks out Michael Moorer to become the oldest heavyweight boxing champion.
  • 1996 - US Presidential election Bill Clinton kazanwas.
  • 2006 – The overthrown leader of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, was sentenced to death for the murder of 148 Shiites in a city.

births 

  • 1271 – Mahmud Ghazan, Mongolian Ruler (d. 1304)
  • 1615 – İbrahim, 18th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (d. 1648)
  • 1667 – Christoph Ludwig Agricola, German painter (d. 1719)
  • 1827 – Nikolay Severtzov, Russian natural historian (d. 1885)
  • 1851 – Charles Dupuy, French politician (d. 1923)
  • 1854 – Paul Sabatier, French chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • 1873 – Edwin Flack, Australian athlete and tennis player (d. 1935)
  • 1892 – John Alcock, English aviator (first crossing the Atlantic) (d. 1919)
  • 1892 – JBS Haldane, English geneticist and evolutionary biologist (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – Raymond Loewy, French-American industrial designer (d. 1986)
  • 1911 – Roy Rogers, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 1913 – Vivien Leigh, English film actress (Oscar-winning actress in "Gone with the Wind") (d. 1967)
  • 1920 – Douglass North, American economist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – György Cziffra, Hungarian pianist (d. 1994)
  • 1921 – Fevziye Fuad, first wife of Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Maria Garbowska-Kierczyńska, Polish actress (d. 2016)
  • 1922 – Yitzchok Scheiner, Israeli rabbi, born in the United States (d. 2021)
  • 1926 – John Berger, English writer and art critic
  • 1930 – Wim Bleijenberg, former Dutch football player (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Gil Hill, American actor (d. 2016)
  • 1931 – Ike Turner, American Reggae-Rock musician, singer and songwriter (d. 2007)
  • 1936 – Michael Dertouzos, Greek-American academic (d. 2001)
  • 1936 – Uwe Seeler, German former national football player
  • 1938 – Joe Dassin, American-French singer (d. 1980)
  • 1940 - Elke Sommer, German film actress
  • 1941 – Art Garfunkel, American singer, poet, and actor
  • 1943 – Sam Shepard, American playwright and actor (d. 2017)
  • 1945 – Peter Pace, US general, Chief of Staff
  • 1945 – Aleka Papariga, Greek politician
  • 1948 - Peter Hammill, English composer
  • 1948 – William D. Phillips, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1949 - Armin Shimerman is an American actor.
  • 1950 – Thorbjørn Jagland, Norwegian politician
  • 1952 - Vandana Shiva, Indian environmentalist and anti-globalization writer
  • 1952 Bill Walton, American former professional basketball player
  • 1953 – Oleh Blokhin, Ukrainian football coach
  • 1953 – Brad Fuller, American composer and sound engineer (d. 2016)
  • 1954 – Alejandro Sabella, Argentine coach, former football player (d. 2020)
  • 1954 – Jeffrey Sachs is an American economist.
  • 1955 - Kris Jenner is an American businesswoman.
  • 1956 – Lavrendis Maheriças, Greek rock musician and songwriter (d. 2019)
  • 1958 – Robert Patrick, American film and TV actor
  • 1959 – Bryan Adams, Canadian musician
  • 1960 – Tilda Swinton, English actress
  • 1961 – Alan G. Poindexter, American astronaut (d. 2012)
  • 1963 – Hans Gillhaus is a former Dutch football player.
  • 1963 – Tatum O'Neal, Oscar-winning American actor
  • 1963 – Jean-Pierre Papin, French former football player and manager
  • 1964 – Abedi Pele, Ghanaian football player
  • 1965 – Famke Janssen, Dutch actress and model
  • 1968 – Sam Rockwell, American actor and Oscar winner
  • 1969 – Meltem Cumbul, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1971 – Jonny Greenwood, English musician
  • 1972 – İdil Fırat, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1972 – Sergen Yalçın, Turkish former national football player and coach
  • 1974 – Angela Gossow, German musician and vocalist of Arch Enemy
  • 1974 – Dado Pršo, Croatian former national football player
  • 1977 – Murat Evgin, Turkish singer
  • 1977 - Richard Wright, English former football player
  • 1978 – Xavier Tondo, Spanish cyclist (d. 2011)
  • 1978 - Bubba Watson, American golfer
  • 1979 – Mihalis Haciyannis, Greek Cypriot singer
  • 1979 – David Suazo, Honduran national football player
  • 1980 – Christoph Metzelder, German football player
  • 1980 – Antonella Del Core, Italian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Orkun Usak, Turkish former national football player
  • 1981 – Ümit Ergirdi, Turkish football player
  • 1983 – Alexa Chung is an English presenter and model.
  • 1983 – Mike Hanke, German football player
  • 1984 – Eliud Kipchoge is a Kenyan long-distance runner.
  • 1985 – Pınar Saka, Turkish sprinter
  • 1986 – BoA is a South Korean singer, songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress.
  • 1986 – Ian Mahinmi, French professional basketball player
  • 1986 – Kasper Schmeichel, Danish national football player
  • 1987 – Kevin Jonas, American musician, actor, and guitarist of the Jonas Brothers
  • 1987 – Çağlar Ertuğrul, Turkish TV series, cinema and theater actor
  • 1987 – OJ Mayo, American professional basketball player
  • 1991 – Lyubov Ilyushechkina, Russian figure skater
  • 1991 – Shōdai Naoya, Japanese professional sumo wrestler
  • 1992 - Marco Verratti, Italian football player

Weapon 

  • 1370 – III. Casimir was ruler of the Kingdom of Poland, the predecessor of present-day Poland, from 1333 to 1370 (b. 1310)
  • 1515 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (b. 1474)
  • 1807 – Angelika Kauffmann, Swiss Neoclassical painter (b. 1741)
  • 1848 – Josua Heilmann, French inventor and industrialist (b. 1796)
  • 1879 – James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish mathematician and physicist (b. 1831)
  • 1914 – August Weismann, German biologist (b. 1834)
  • 1930 – Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
  • 1930 – Luigi Facta, Italian politician (b. 1861)
  • 1934 – Carl Charlier, Swedish astronomer (b. 1862)
  • 1937 – Bolesław Leśmian, Polish poet and artist (b. 1877)
  • 1937 – Yeghishe Charents, Armenian poet and writer (b. 1897)
  • 1942 – Kiyoura Keigo, 13th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1850)
  • 1943 – Frank Campeau, American actor (b. 1864)
  • 1944 – Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and physiologist (b. 1873)
  • 1955 – Charley Toorop, Dutch painter (b. 1891)
  • 1955 – Maurice Utrillo, French painter (b. 1883)
  • 1956 – Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (b. 1909)
  • 1958 – Ahmet Muhtar Cilli, Turkish politician (b. 1871)
  • 1960 – Mack Sennett, Canadian filmmaker and director (b. 1880)
  • 1972 Alfred Schmidt, Estonian weightlifter (d. 1898)
  • 1973 – İsmail Dümbüllü, Turkish middle dance and tuluat artist (b. 1897)
  • 1975 – Annette Kellermann, Australian professional swimmer, vaudeville star, film actress, and author (b. 1887)
  • 1975 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1909)
  • 1977 – Aleksey Stakhanov, Soviet Union miner, forerunner of Stakhanovism (d. 1906)
  • 1979 – All Capp in Turkey Nice Memo known as line tape Li'l Abner'creator of (b. 1909)
  • 1985 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian Caucasian, linguist, and philologist (b. 1898)
  • 1985 – Spencer W. Kimball, American businessman, religious leader, and 12th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1895)
  • 1988 – Naşide Saffet Esen, Turkish model and 1931 Miss Turkey (b. 1912)
  • 1989 – Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Adile Ayda, Turkish diplomat, academician and writer (first female diplomat) (b. 1912)
  • 1997 – Isaiah Berlin, contemporary English moral and political philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 1998 – Momoko Kōchi, Japanese actress (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – John Robert Fowles, English writer (b. 1926)
  • 2006 – Bülent Ecevit, Turkish journalist, poet, writer, politician and former Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Nils Liedholm, Swedish former international football player and manager (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Jill Clayburgh, former American actress (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – Leonardo Favio, Italian-born Argentine actor, screenwriter, and filmmaker (b. 1938)
  • 2014 – Manitas de Plata, French flamenco guitarist and composer (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian singer (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Czesław Kiszczak, Poland's general, communist-era interior minister (1981-1990) and prime minister (1989) (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Renzo Calegari, Italian comics artist and animator (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Robert Knight, American singer and musician (b. 1945)
  • 2017 – Mansur bin Mukrin bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, member of the House of Saud, businessman, politician (b. 1974)
  • 2017 – Dionatan Teixeira, Brazilian-born Slovak football player (b. 1992)
  • 2019 – Omero Antonutti, Italian actor and dubbing artist (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – William Wintersole, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Jim Marurai, Cook Island politician (b. 1947)
  • 2020 – Barbara McAulay, Australian high jumper (b. 1929)
  • 2020 – Reynaert, Belgian singer (b. 1955)
  • 2020 – Géza Szőcs, Romanian-born Hungarian poet and politician (b. 1953)

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