Saying "The inability to have a child, whose medical equivalent is infertility, is one of the most common problems in recent years", Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist Op. Dr. Elçim Bayrak talked about the reasons for not being able to get pregnant as follows;
“One out of every 6 couples in our country and in the world is affected by infertility. For those who are trying to get pregnant, the negative result of the pregnancy test done every month brings with it a serious disappointment. In such cases, IVF treatment can be considered as the last option. However, before starting the treatment, it is necessary to analyze and diagnose the possible causes of infertility, which are very common and frequently observed. The most common reasons can be listed as follows;
1-You may have an ovulation problem!
Some hormonal problems, especially polycystic ovary syndrome, cause irregularity in menstrual cycles and increase in male hormones. It is seen in approximately 15-20% of women. It is one of the most common reasons for preventing healthy ovulation in women. In addition, being overweight, obese, or underweight, as well as an imbalance in the thyroid glands, can affect ovulation.
2-Is your spouse's sperm test normal?
On average, 50 percent of reproductive problems are due to male infertility. Especially changing environmental factors, heavy and stressful work and living space, changes in life and eating habits cause male infertility to increase gradually. If the man is overweight and smokes, we can say that it prevents you from getting pregnant to a large extent.
3- Your eggs may not be healthy enough!
Women are born with a certain number of eggs. This number is about five hundred thousand on average. However, as the years pass, the number of healthy eggs decreases. The pregnancy rate of a healthy woman in her 30s is around 25 percent. However, sometimes there may be serious decreases in the number of quality eggs, regardless of age, and this is one of the most well-known causes of infertility.
4- Is the presence of endometriosis and other cysts checked?
Endometriosis is popularly known as a chocolate cyst. It is a disease known when the intrauterine membrane tissue (endometrium), which ensures regular menstruation every month, is located outside the uterus, in the tubes, ovaries and/or the intra-abdominal membrane. Bleeding may occur in these non-uterine regions during each menstrual period. As a result, adhesions in the tubes, peritoneum, and cysts in the ovaries may occur. It is common in women of reproductive age. It is known to cause painful and heavy bleeding menstrual periods. About 15-20 percent of infertility causes in women are due to endometriosis.
5- Are your tubes open?
Closed or damaged fallopian tubes make up 10 percent of infertility causes. A previous surgery, endometriosis (ie chocolate cysts) or some sexually transmitted diseases can cause obstruction in the tubes.
6- Are there any intrauterine deformities?
Although it is usually congenital, there are deformities that occur later. Uterine deformity can make it harder to get pregnant or cause a miscarriage. Therefore, it is important for women with deformities in the uterus to be diagnosed before becoming pregnant. Stating that it is very important to detect the presence or absence of all these problems, Gynecology Obstetrics and IVF Specialist Op. Dr. Elçim Bayrak stated that it is important to go to a specialist before planning a pregnancy in order to investigate the 6 golden reasons underlying infertility, as well as for a healthy birth and mother and baby health.