One of the most curious subjects of cat and dog owners is how they will decide whether to have their pets neutered or not. Although sterilization operations are carried out to prevent rapid population growth, they also protect our pets from many diseases. Prof. Near East University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Department of Surgery and Near East University Animal Hospital physician. Dr. Eser Özgencil shared information about which diseases can be prevented in male animals with the help of sterilization operations. prof. Dr. Özgencil also touched upon the issues that animal owners should pay attention to before and after the operation.
Sterilization prevents many possible diseases
The "castration" operation, known as neutering, is based on the surgical removal of male genital organs called testicles and epididymis in male cats and dogs. The most important purpose of this operation is to prevent possible diseases that our lovely friends may experience and to ensure that they live healthier and longer. prof. Dr. Eser Özgencil says that with the sterilization operation, they prevent diseases such as prostate enlargement, prostate tumors, prostate inflammation, perineal hernias, inguinal hernias, especially in older ages, related to male reproductive hormones. prof. Dr. Özgencil continued his words as follows: “On the other hand, sterilization operations are performed in the correction of behavioral problems, in the prevention of the transmission of endocrine diseases and hereditary diseases that are triggered by hormonal changes such as diabetes, in the control of epilepsy crises, in the torsion of the spermatic duct hanging the testicles, in the inflammation of the testis and epididymis, in congenital anomalies of these organs, in the sac with a high probability of tumor. We also prefer it for the removal of undescended testicles”.
What should you pay attention to before and after the operation
Near East University Animal Hospital physicians Prof. Dr. Eser Özgencil emphasized that the patient should fast for at least 8 hours before the sterilization operation and said, “This is the most important issue that the patient should pay attention to in order to prepare for the castration operation. Since the patient will receive anesthesia, food consumption should be prevented 8 hours before the operation. Otherwise, he draws attention to the fact that under anesthesia, the muscles of the stomach relax and the protective reflexes disappear, causing the stomach contents to flow back to the throat area and from there to descend into the lungs via the trachea. prof. Dr. Özgencil also warns about the post-operative period: “If the veterinarian deems it appropriate after the castration operation, care should be taken not to allow the patient, who is sent home, to run or lick the operation area for the first week. If you think you can't prevent this, wearing a collar until the stitches are removed and carefully following the antibiotic and analgesic treatment prescribed by your veterinarian should be your top priorities.