Early Diagnosis is Very Important in Alzheimer's Disease

Early diagnosis is very important in Alzheimer's disease
Early diagnosis is very important in Alzheimer's disease

Have you ever forgotten the names of people you know very well or retell an event that you have told before? Or forget about an event you had before? These experiences may be an indication that Alzheimer's disease is serious. Istinye University Faculty of Medicine Lecturer Prof. Dr. Nebil Yıldız said, "It is definitely useful to get professional help for the detection of Alzheimer's disease."

Alzheimer's disease, which is an insidious disease, is increasing with the increase in the elderly population. Currently, according to the World Health Organization, more than 50 million people in the world have dementia, 60-70% of which is Alzheimer's disease. With the increasing elderly population, one and a half to two in 2030; It is predicted to triple in 2050. Istinye University Faculty of Medicine Lecturer Prof. Dr. Nebil Yıldız stated that the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease, which is 65-1 percent over the age of 2, has increased to 80 percent over the age of 20 and 85-30 percent over the age of 40. "Dementia/dementia is a condition that is mostly seen over the age of 65, but it can be seen at earlier ages," said Prof. Dr. Nebil Yıldız told the following about Alzheimer's disease:

“It usually starts after the age of 65”

“Alzheimer's disease is a brain disease and one of the most common causes of primary dementias. Memory, attention, awareness, planning and execution, judgment, reasoning, identifying similarities and differences, abstracting, speaking, understanding, reading, writing, calculating, determining direction, perceiving with the five senses, recognizing, drawing shapes, dressing, basic activities It starts and progresses insidiously in functions and behaviors such as managing, imitating, personality traits, first in one and then in the others. Alzheimer's usually starts after the age of 65, when it becomes difficult to retain newly learned things, but it can also start before the age of 65, although less frequently, with the deterioration of a different cognitive feature.

Cognitive disorders evolve into Alzheimer's disease between 2 and 5 years

With aging, there may be changes in cognitive functions that do not affect acceptable daily functionality and functions. Compared to many physical differences, these changes occur to a much lesser extent. Selim includes old age forgetfulness, forgetting the names or the location of the items placed, but being able to remember them later. The person realizes it himself, but the environment does not make much difference as the functionality is not affected, or he considers it normal. The change that occurs in any of the cognitive functions that others notice and that affects daily activities is known as mild cognitive impairment. The type that manifests as forgetfulness is more common. The incidence of mild cognitive impairment over the age of 65 is over 15%. Of these, about 15 percent of those with forgetfulness develop into Alzheimer's disease within two years and 30 percent within five years. On the other hand, in those with mild cognitive impairment, this situation may remain stable or return to normal. In Alzheimer's disease, changes in the brain begin about 20 years ago, before clinical signs appear, while metabolic changes begin about 18 years ago, and brain volume changes about 13 years ago. During this time, the brain balances this situation, and no abnormality is noticed. Then it starts to show symptoms slowly in an insidious way. Technologies that can detect changes before they show symptoms have been developed, and the process of increasing prevalence in examination opportunities that can reveal this has been started.

Signs that the forgetfulness is serious

Stating that causes such as chronic sleep deficiency/disorder, anxiety/anxiety, depression, some medications, and malnutrition, some systemic diseases can cause forgetfulness and difficulty in concentration, Istinye University Faculty of Medicine Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Nebil Yıldız said, “Correction of the underlying condition often helps to resolve this problem. If; If you forget the names of people and places you know very well, sohbetIf you repeat sentences and stories over and over again, if you forget your normal daily routine, if you experience changes in personality, behavior and mood, if you can't find where you put your favorite item, if you can't remember the name of a person you know, if you frequently shuffle rooms, if you have problems finding places you know well. It is definitely useful to get professional help in order to detect and reveal more serious situations.

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