Today in History: Kocatepe Mosque Opened by Prime Minister Turgut Özal

Kocatepe Mosque
Kocatepe Mosque

August 28 is the 240th (241th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 125.

Railways

  • 28 August 2003 le Management and Change Mobilization with Targets ğinde was initiated under the leadership of Minister of Transport Binali Yıldırım.
  • August 28 2009 Turkey and Pakistan in accordance with the directives of the Minister of Transport for the first time established "Turkey-Pakistan Container Block Train", 6 566 thousand trail reached Haydarpasa lKm by completing 13 days.
  • 1934 – Uskudar-Kadıköy The first trial of the tram line was made.

Olaylar 

  • 1499 – The Ottoman Navy under the command of Mustafa Pasha conquered Inebahti, the last remaining Venetian fortress in the Peloponnese.
  • 1789 - William Herschel discovered Saturn's new moon.
  • 1845 - Scientific American The first issue of the magazine has been published.
  • 1898 - Caleb Bradham changes the name of his carbonated drink to "Pepsi-Cola".
  • 1907 – UPS was founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1916 - The German Empire declared war on the Kingdom of Romania.
  • 1916 - The Kingdom of Italy declares war on the German Empire.
  • 1924 – Opposition in Georgia started a revolt against the USSR.
  • 1954 – President Celal Bayar went to Yugoslavia on the Savarona yacht.
  • 1963 – The “Civil Rights March”, which started from the South in the USA, ended in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous I Have a Dream speech to 200.000 people.
  • 1964 – 20 thousand young people marched to the US Embassy in Ankara, the Greek Embassy was stoned.
  • 1974 – Electricity started to be produced at the Keban Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant.
  • 1979 – Nesrin Olgun became the first Turkish woman to swim across the English Channel.
  • 1987 – Kocatepe Mosque, whose construction was completed in 20 years, was opened by Prime Minister Turgut Özal.
  • 1988 – During the aviation demonstrations at Ramstein Air Base in Germany, three planes of the Italian Air Force demonstration team collided in mid-air and crashed into the audience; 75 people were killed and 346 injured.
  • 1990 – Hurricane in Illinois: 28 dead.
  • 1990 - Iraq declared Kuwait its new territory.
  • 1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 - Ukraine declared its independence from the USSR.
  • 1995 – Markale Massacre: 37 people were killed and 90 injured. This incident became the reason for NATO military intervention.
  • 1996 - Prince Charles and Princess Diana divorced.
  • 1999 – The Draft Amnesty Law covering crimes committed before April 23, 1999 was passed in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 2001 – Private Yener Yermez, who was serving in the Istanbul Hasdal Mechanized Regiment Command for the murder of Üzeyir Garih, escaped.
  • 2003 – In order to establish the legal infrastructure of the Turquality project, the Communiqué No. 2003/3 of the Para-Credit and Coordination Board on “Branding of Turkish Products Abroad and Creating the Image of Turkish Products” entered into force.
  • 2006 – As a result of the remote-controlled bomb attack undertaken by a PKK-linked organization, people named İlter Avşar (18), İmran Arık (20) and Baki Baykurt lost their lives in Antalya.
  • 2007 – Abdullah Gül was elected 339th President by the Turkish Grand National Assembly with 11 votes.
  • 2007 – The lunar eclipse took place.

births 

  • 1025 – Go-Reizei, 70th emperor of Japan in the traditional succession order (d.1068)
  • 1582 – Taichang, 14th Emperor of China's Ming Dynasty (d. 1620)
  • 1749 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet and playwright (d. 1832)
  • 1765 – Tadeusz Czacki, Polish historian, pedagogue, and parascientist (d. 1813)
  • 1801 – Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1814 – Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish Gothic writer of short stories and mystery novels (d. 1873)
  • 1867 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (d. 1948)
  • 1871 – Tunalı Hilmi Bey, Turkish politician and one of the leading figures of the Turkism movement (d. 1928)
  • 1878 – George Whipple, American physician, pathologist, biomedical researcher, and medical school educator and administrator (d. 1976)
  • 1884 Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand 1940-1949 (d. 1950)
  • 1896 – Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer (d. 1984)
  • 1899 – Andrey Platonov, Russian writer (d. 1951)
  • 1899 – Charles Boyer, French actor (d. 1978)
  • 1903 – Bruno Bettelheim, American psychologist (d. 1990)
  • 1910 – Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch economist (d. 1985)
  • 1911 – Joseph Luns, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1913 – Richard Tucker, American tenor (d. 1975)
  • 1916 – C. Wright Mills, American sociologist (d. 1962)
  • 1916 – Jack Vance, American author (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Jack Kirby, American comics writer and editor (d. 1994)
  • 1919 – Ben Agajanian, American football player (d. 2018)
  • 1919 – Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer, inventor of computed tomography, and Nobel Prize laureate in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Donald O'Connor was an American dancer, singer, and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1925 – Arkady Strugatsky, Russian novelist (d. 1991)
  • 1928 – Peggy Ryan, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Windsor Davies, English actor (d. 2019)
  • 1930 – Ben Gazzara, American actor (d. 2012)
  • 1932 - Yakir Aharonov, physicist specializing in Quantum Physics
  • 1932 – Andy Bathgate, Canadian professional ice hockey player (d. 2016)
  • 1933 – Régis Barailla, French politician (d. 2016)
  • 1938 – Erdoğan Demirören, Turkish industrialist and businessman (d. 2018)
  • 1938 - Paul Martin, Canadian politician
  • 1940 – Engin Çağlar, Turkish film actor
  • 1943 – Uğur Dündar, Turkish journalist and TV personality
  • 1944 – Ahmet Nazif Zorlu, Turkish businessman
  • 1946 – Mazlum Kiper, Turkish actor and voice actor
  • 1947 - Emlyn Hughes, English international football player
  • 1948 – Vonda N. McIntyre, American science fiction writer (d. 2019)
  • 1956 – Luis Guzmán, American film and television actor
  • 1957 – Ivo Josipovic, Croatian politician
  • 1957 – Manolo Preciado, Spanish football player and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1957 – Ai Weiwei, Chinese contemporary artist and activist
  • 1958 - Scott Hamilton, American Olympic champion figure skater
  • 1959 – Brian Thompson, American actor
  • 1960 – Romerito, Paraguayan football player
  • 1961 – Jennifer Coolidge, American actress, comedian, and activist
  • 1962 – David Fincher, American director
  • 1964 – Lee Janzen, American golfer
  • 1964 – Kaj Leo Johannesen, former prime minister of the Faroe Islands representing the Faroese Unity Party (Sambandsflokkurin)
  • 1964 – Levent Tülek, Turkish cinema and theater actor
  • 1965 – Shania Twain, Canadian singer
  • 1966 – Volkan Severcan, Turkish actor and voice actor
  • 1968 Billy Boyd, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – Jack Black, American actor and musician
  • 1969 - Jason Priestley, Canadian-American actor and director
  • 1969 – Sheryl Sandberg takes over as COO at Facebook
  • 1971 - Todd Eldredge, American figure skater
  • 1972 – Aykut Erdoğdu, Turkish financial and politician
  • 1973 – J. August Richards is an American film and television actor
  • 1974 - Johan Andersson was a video game designer and producer for Paradox Interactive
  • 1974 – Halil Altınköprü, Turkish musician
  • 1974 – Carsten Jancker, German national football player and manager
  • 1975 – Jamie Cureton, English footballer
  • 1976 – Cornel Frăsineanu, Romanian football player
  • 1976 – Federico Magallanes, Uruguayan national football player
  • 1979 - Leonardo Iglesias, Argentine football player
  • 1980 – Carly Pope, Canadian actress
  • 1981 – Daniel Gygax, Swiss former football player
  • 1981 – Agata Wróbel, Polish weightlifter
  • 1982 – LeAnn Rimes, American singer
  • 1982 – Thiago Motta, Brazilian football player
  • 1986 – Jeff Green, American Basketball Player
  • 1986 – Armie Hammer, American actor
  • 1986 - Florence Welch, English singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Caleb Moore, American professional snowmobile racer (d. 2013)
  • 1989 – César Azpilicueta, Spanish football player
  • 1989 - Valtteri Bottas, Finnish Formula 1 driver
  • 1990 – Bojan Krkić, Spanish football player
  • 1991 – Andreja Pejić, Australian transgender female model of Serbian (mother) and Croatian (father) descent
  • 1992 – Bismack Biombo, Democratic Congolese professional basketball player
  • 1993 – Sora Amamiya, Japanese actress and voice actor
  • 1997 - Bazzi, American singer

Weapon 

  • 388 – Magnus Maximus, Roman Emperor (b. 335)
  • 430 – Augustine of Hippo, North African theologian (b. 354)
  • 770 – Kōken is the 46th and 48th ruler of Japan in the traditional succession order (b. 718)
  • 1149 – Muinüddin Üner was appointed as the Governor of Damascus on August 24, 1139 and successfully defended the city during the Siege of Damascus, especially in the Second Crusade.
  • 1564 – Joana of Cardonali, Spanish noble (b. 1500)
  • 1645 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)
  • 1654 – Axel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1583)
  • 1900 – Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher and economist (b. 1838)
  • 1903 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American architect (b. 1822)
  • 1914 – Anatoli Lyadov, Russian composer (b. 1855)
  • 1943 – III. Boris, Tsar of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
  • 1959 – Raphael Lemkin, Polish-Jewish lawyer (b. 1900)
  • 1959 – Bohuslav Martinu, France – US naturalized composer of opera and western classical music, violinist (b. 1890)
  • 1976 – Anissa Jones, American child actress (b. 1958)
  • 1978 – Robert Shaw, English actor and writer (b. 1927)
  • 1981 – Béla Guttmann, Hungarian former football player and manager (b. 1900)
  • 1984 – Mohammed Najib, Egyptian soldier and statesman who played an important role in the overthrow of King Farouk I in 1952 (b. 1901)
  • 1985 – Ruth Gordon, American actress (b. 1896)
  • 1987 – John Huston, American director (b. 1906)
  • 1993 – Edward Palmer Thompson, British historian (b. 1924)
  • 1993 – Oben Güney, Turkish theater artist (b. 1938)
  • 1995 – Michael Ende, German author of children's fantasy books (b. 1929)
  • 1999 – Turgut Sunalp, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2005 – Jacques Dufilho, French actor (b. 1914)
  • 2006 – Melvin Schwartz, American physicist (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Antonio Puerta, Spanish football player (b. 1984)
  • 2008 – İlhan Berk, Turkish poet (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Sinan Hasani, Albanian writer and statesman (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Necip Torumtay, Turkish soldier and 20th Chief of Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Shulamith Firestone, Canadian feminist writer, activist (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – Alfred Schmidt, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Hal Finney, software developer at PGP Corporation, which produces Pretty Good Privacy computer software (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – Bill Kerr, Australian film and television actor (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Arda Uskan, Turkish journalist and presenter (b. 1947)
  • 2015 – Oktay Akbal, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1923)
  • 2015 – Al Arbour, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Nasir Purpirar is an Iranian writer (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Ben Eliezer, Israeli politician and general of Mizrahi descent (b. 1936)
  • 2016 – Harry Fujiwara, American former professional pancreatic wrestler, coach, and wrestling manager (b. 1934)
  • 2016 – Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – Mireille Darc, French model and actress (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Tsutomu Hata, Japanese politician who served as the 1994st prime minister of Japan in 51 (b. 1935)
  • 2018 – Josep Fontana, Spanish historian and educator (b. 1931)
  • 2019 – Michel Aumont, French actor and comedian (b. 1936)
  • 2019 – Nancy Holloway, American singer and actress (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Chadwick Boseman, American actor. (b. 1976)
  • 2020 – Manuel Valdés, Mexican actor, comedian and dubbing artist (b. 1931)
  • 2020 – Harikrishnan Vasanthakumar, Indian businessman and politician (b. 1950)

Holidays and special occasions 

  • Liberation: Liberation of Solhan district of Bingöl from Armenian and Russian occupation (1918)
  • Hong Kong Liberation Day
  • Philippines National Heroes Day
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