Today in History: Çanakkale Monument was Opened with a Ceremony

Canakkale Monument Opened with Toren
Canakkale Monument Opened with Toren

August 21 is the 233th (234th in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left until the end of the year is 132.

Railways

  • 21 August 1941 Akpınar-Kurukavak (5. Km) is in operation.

Olaylar 

  • 1680 - Pueblo Indians capture Santa Fe, which had been occupied by the Spanish.
  • 1878 - The American Bar Association (ABA) is founded.
  • 1888 - William Seward Burroughs patented the first successful add-and-subtract machine in the United States.
  • 1911 - Mona Lisa His painting was stolen by an employee of the Louvre Museum.
  • 1915 – The Second Battle of Anafartalar begins.
  • 1922 – Mustafa Kemal Pasha gave the order for the Great Offensive in the last meeting he held with the Army Commanders in Akşehir.
  • 1940 - Leon Trotsky, one of the leaders of the Soviet Revolution, was killed in Mexico.
  • 1957 – The first successful flight of the Soviet missile R7, known as Semiorka and still in use today, took place.
  • 1959 - US President Dwight Eisenhower declared Hawaii the fiftieth state of the USA.
  • 1959 – The name of the Baghdad Pact Council was changed. The new name of the pact was Central Treaty Organization CENTO.
  • 1959 – The Military Museum, which was reorganized in Istanbul, was opened to the public.
  • 1960 – Çanakkale Monument was opened with a ceremony.
  • 1964 – Eskiciler Bazaar in Istanbul Kuledibi burned down; 167 shops and 25 apartments were destroyed, 1000 people were left homeless.
  • 1968 – After Soviet Union troops invade Czechoslovakia, Romanian President Nicolae Ceauşescu urged his people to take up arms against a similar invasion.
  • 1969 – An Australian Jew named Denis Michael Rohan set the Al-Aqsa Mosque on fire.
  • 1983 – In the Philippines, opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. is assassinated at Manila International Airport.
  • 1986 – 1746 people died due to toxic gases from the Nyos volcanic lake in Cameroon.
  • 1987 – Turk Eximbank was established.
  • 1991 – Latvia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 2001 – The Red Cross draws attention to the danger of starvation in Tajikistan.
  • 2001 – NATO decides to send troops to Macedonia.
  • 2008 – Two Taliban suicide bombers blew themselves up outside a weapons factory 20 miles west of Pakistan's capital, Islamabad; 59 people were killed and 70 injured. 

births 

  • 1165 – II. Philippe, King of France (d. 1223)
  • 1567 – François de Sales, French Bishop, Mystic (d. 1622)
  • 1698 – Guarnerius, Italian violin maker (d. 1744)
  • 1725 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter (d. 1805)
  • 1765 – IV. William, king of the United Kingdom and Hanover from 1830-1837 and uncle of Queen Victoria (d. 1837)
  • 1789 – Augustin Louis Cauchy, French mathematician (d. 1857)
  • 1798 Jules Michelet, French historian (d. 1874)
  • 1816 – Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist (d. 1856)
  • 1858 – Rudolf, crown prince of Austria (d. 1889)
  • 1872 – Aubrey Beardsley, English illustrator and author (d. 1898)
  • 1879 – Henry Ainley, English stage and film actor (d. 1945)
  • 1891 – Bugs Moran, French-American mob leader (d. 1957)
  • 1898 – Nurullah Ataç, Turkish writer (d. 1957)
  • 1904 – Count Basie, American jazz pianist and conductor (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Nikolay Bogolyubov, Soviet scientist (d. 1992)
  • 1916 – Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1917 – Leonid Hurwicz, American economist and mathematician (d. 2008)
  • 1925 – Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentine soldier, politician, and President of Argentina (d. 2013)
  • 1926 – Can Yücel, Turkish poet and translator (d. 1999)
  • 1927 – Thomas S. Monson, 16th president and prophet of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2018)
  • 1929 – Ahmed Kathrada, South African politician (d. 2017)
  • 1930 – Frank Perry, American film director (d. 1995)
  • 1930 - Princess Margaret, Queen of the United Kingdom II. Elizabeth's sister (d. 2002)
  • 1930 – Frank Perry, American play and film director (d. 1995)
  • 1933 – Barry Norman, British film critic, journalist, and TV presenter (d. 2017)
  • 1934 – İzzet Günay, Turkish actress
  • 1934 – John L. Hall, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1935 – Adnan Şenses, Turkish singer, composer, songwriter and film actor (d. 2013)
  • 1936 – Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player (d. 1999)
  • 1938 – Kenny Rogers, American country and country pop singer, music writer, and actor (d. 2020)
  • 1938 – Vural Savaş, Turkish lawyer, Honorary Chief Public Prosecutor of the Supreme Court and writer
  • 1939 – Festus Mogae, Botswana politician
  • 1939 – Clarence Williams III, American actor (d. 2021)
  • 1943 – Perry Christie, Bahamian athlete and politician
  • 1944 – Peter Weir, Australian film director
  • 1950 – Patrick Juvet, Swiss singer, model (b. 2021)
  • 1952 – Alexandre Jevakhoff, French bureaucrat
  • 1952 – Joe Strummer, British musician, composer and songwriter (d. 2002)
  • 1956 – Kim Cattrall, English-Canadian actress
  • 1961 – Stephen Hillenburg, American actor and voice actor (d. 2018)
  • 1963 – VI. Mohammed, king of Morocco
  • 1963 – Nigel Pearson, English football player and manager
  • 1967 – Charb, French illustrator, journalist and cartoonist (d. 2015)
  • 1967 – Carrie-Anne Moss, Canadian actress
  • 1967 – Serj Tankian, Armenian-Lebanese musician and lead singer of System of a Down
  • 1970 – Cathy Weseluck, Canadian actress, director
  • 1970 – Ferda Anıl Yarkın, Turkish singer
  • 1971 - Mamadou Diallo is a former Senegalese football player.
  • 1971 – Liam Howlett, English DJ, Producer
  • 1973 – Robert Malm, Togolese football player
  • 1973 – Sergey Brin, Russian-Jewish American entrepreneur (founder of Google company)
  • 1979 – Kelis, American R&B singer and songwriter
  • 1984 – Alizee, French singer
  • 1986 – Usain Bolt, Jamaican athlete
  • 1988 – Robert Lewandowski, Polish national football player
  • 1989 - Hayden Panettiere, American actor
  • 1989 – Judd Trump, English professional snooker player
  • 1989 – Aleix Vidal, Spanish national football player
  • 1990 – Bo Burnham, American comedian, musician, director, and screenwriter
  • 1991 – Leandro Bacuna, Dutch football player
  • 1992 – Bryce Dejean-Jones, American basketball player (d. 2016)
  • 1994 – Jacqueline Emerson, American actress and singer

Weapon 

  • 672 – Kōbun, 39th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 648)
  • 1132 – II. Baudouin, second Count of Edessa from 1100-1118 and King of Jerusalem from 1118 to 21 August 1131 (b. 1060)
  • 1271 – Alphonse de Poitiers, count of Poitiers and Toulouse (b. 1220)
  • 1534 – Philippe Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, elected 1521th Grand Master in 44, title of leader of the Hospitaller knights (b. 1464)
  • 1568 – Jean de Valette, Knight Hospitaller (b. 1494)
  • 1614 – Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian serial killer (b. 1560)
  • 1762 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (b. 1689)
  • 1836 – Claude-Louis Navier, French physicist (b. 1785)
  • 1836 – Edward Turner Bennett, English zoologist and author (b. 1799)
  • 1838 – Adelbert von Chamisso, German writer (b. 1781)
  • 1845 – Vincent-Marie Viénot de Vaublanc, French writer and politician (b. 1756)
  • 1849 – Moritz Daffinger, Austrian painter (b. 1790)
  • 1874 – Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt, Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1794)
  • 1884 – Giuseppe De Nittis, Italian painter (b. 1846)
  • 1940 – Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary (b. 1879)
  • 1943 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish author and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
  • 1943 – A. Merritt, American Sunday magazine editor and fantasy writer (b. 1884)
  • 1947 – Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile manufacturer (b. 1881)
  • 1964 – Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and communist leader (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Giuseppe Meazza, Italian football player (b. 1910)
  • 1983 – Benigno Aquino Jr., Filipino politician and Leader of the Opposition in the Philippines (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Zühtü Müridoğlu, Turkish sculptor (b.1906)
  • 1995 – Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Guri Richter, Danish actress (b. 1917)
  • 1997 – Yuri Nikulin, Russian actor and clown (b.1921)
  • 2003 – John Coplans, English actor (b.1920)
  • 2004 – Xavier de La Chevalerie, French ambassador (b. 1920)
  • 2005 – Robert Moog, American electronics engineer and inventor (inventor and developer of the Moog Synthesizer) (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Lew Wood, American journalist (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Wang Dongxing, Chinese communist politician (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Daniel Rabinovich, Argentine musician, comedian, and writer (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Arturo Corcuera, Peruvian poet (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Réjean Ducharme, Canadian novelist and playwright (b. 1941)
  • 2017 – Roberto Gottardi, Italian architect (b. 1927)
  • 2017 – Bajram Rexhepi, Kosovo politician (b. 1954)
  • 2018 – Otávio Frias Filho, Brazilian journalist and news editor (b. 1957)
  • 2018 – Barbara Harris, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 2018 – Vesna Krmpotić, Croatian female writer and translator (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor and singer (b. 1975)
  • 2018 – Vicente Verdú, Spanish journalist, writer and economist (b. 1942)
  • 2018 – Villano III, Mexican professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 2019 – Celso Piña, Mexican singer-songwriter, composer, arranger, and accordionist (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Mohammed bin Rihayem, Tunisian national football player (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Ken Robinson, English speaker, educator, consultant, and author (b. 1950)
  • 2020 – Tomasz Tomiak, Polish rower (b. 1967)
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