Nutritional habits are very important during pregnancy. For the health of both the mother and the baby, the mother should make a habit of healthy and regular nutrition from the first months and guide her pregnancy in this way.
From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Yeni Yüzyıl University Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Dr. Instructor Member Emine Dilşad Herkiloğlu gave information about nutrition during pregnancy by saying 'The expectant mother should take from all food groups so that the baby can complete her physical and mental development'.
The importance of a balanced diet, a stress-free life and taking appropriate vitamins is always emphasized for mothers and expectant mothers in their fertile period. A healthy fertilization and attachment is necessary from the beginning for a healthy pregnancy. In this period, it is very important to be in a complete mental and physical well-being, to stay away from stress, to take adequate fluids and to take the necessary supplements. Especially the fact that the thyroid and other hormones are within normal limits, the vitamin d level is within normal limits according to the season, and only the necessary vitamins are taken, support this process in a positive way.
The most important vitamin to be used during pregnancy is folic acid. While other vitamins are recommended to be taken through food, folic acid should also be used as a supplement. At this stage, it is best to start folic acid supplementation 3 months before conception and continue until the pregnancy ends.
Therefore, it is recommended that expectant mothers who are planning pregnancy start taking folic acid. However, if pregnancy is learned later, folic acid use can be started at this stage as well. Folic acid helps prevent anomalies called neural tube defects in the baby.
Vitamins other than folic acid, on the other hand, are not vitamins that should be used routinely during pregnancy. It is recommended to use these vitamins regularly with the diet. If the mother does not have serious nutritional disorders or serious vitamin deficiencies, vitamins should not be taken as supplements, but should be met from food. Vitamin supplements to be used should not be taken without asking the doctor. Intensive use of some vitamins can harm the baby. For example, the use of high vitamin A can be harmful for both the mother and the baby. Vitamin A supplements that pregnant women should take are in low doses. Although vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is important for the embryonic development of the baby, cell growth, eye, heart and ear development. The dosage of vitamin A produced for non-pregnant people is also quite high. For this reason, it is inconvenient to take any vitamin without the recommendation of a doctor.
Eating healthy during pregnancy is possible with a nutrition plan that provides the amount of calories and nutrients that mother and baby need. At this point, it becomes important how much weight the mother gained during pregnancy. It can be said that babies born in the healthy weight range have a lower risk of developing certain ailments at birth and afterwards. At the same time, healthy-eating expectant mothers do not gain a lot of weight during pregnancy. Otherwise, the risk of catching diseases that threaten the health of the expectant mother may increase.
Balanced and slow weight gain along with adequate fluid intake during pregnancy can prevent cracks that occur as a result of the body growing faster than the skin and the skin's inability to keep up with this growth. Cracks appear when the elastic fibers just under the skin break. With rapid weight gain, this problem is most commonly encountered in the breasts, abdomen and upper legs. In most pregnant women, stretch marks appear after 6-7 months and it is thought that genetic transition may also play a role. For this reason, there is no cream or medicine that can prevent all cracks. Keeping the skin moist with fluid intake, special oils, creams and lotions helps to prevent cracks. The ideal time to treat stretch marks is when the cracks are most active red. It is stated that gels containing hyaluronic acid can be beneficial after 12 weeks of use. In more difficult and stubborn patients, laser and other treatments that can have a beneficial effect on collagen and blood vessels can also be applied by dermatologists.