Stating that unexpected, sudden and shocking life events such as disasters create traumatic effects on people, experts state that it is not right to intervene psychologically in the first stage of shock, that is, when the trauma process has not fully ended. According to experts, psychological help should be sought after the phase of denial and anger is overcome.
Üsküdar University NP Feneryolu Medical Center Specialist Clinical Psychologist Cemre Ece Gökpınar made evaluations about the traumatic effects that occur after unexpected, shocking life events.
Stating that in moments of trauma or acute moments, the person may encounter a situation that will create a shock effect, "The individual first looks at whether there is a problem physically, rather than the psychological effects of the situation he is in. After physical injuries and environmental events are brought under control, psychological effects from trauma may begin to occur.” said.
Sleep disturbances and loss of appetite may occur.
Stating that the traumas experienced due to natural disasters can create anger in the person, Cemre Ece Gökpınar said, “The person goes through a process of not accepting and denying. Later, the psychological effects of the witnessed disaster can be reflected physically in the personal life of the individual. For example, symptoms such as sleep disorders and loss of appetite can be defined as the first physical symptoms. The person may experience some traumatic symptoms such as not enjoying what he/she has done, hopelessness about the future, being anxious, startled at the slightest sound, fear and startle when he sees any fire after the fire. warned.
Psychological intervention does not relieve the person during the disaster process
Cemre Ece Gökpınar said, "It is not right to make a psychological intervention in the first stage of shock, when the trauma process has not completely ended," said Cemre Ece Gökpınar, "Because we need to see the wound that has been opened spiritually. Attempting a psychological treatment or intervention to the individual while the disaster process is still going on will not relieve the person. Conversely, a negative reaction from the individual is likely. It is the best time for intervention when the psychological wounds of the person come to light. In this process, the aim is not to try to suggest, but to share and share the pain of the individual.” said.
After the denial and anger process, intervention should be done
Cemre Ece Gökpınar, who noted that the first intervention to psychologically relieve the casualty during a disaster if there is no physical damage and is in shock, is called psychological first aid. Then the anxiety process occurs. As one moves away from the trauma process, an acceptance process occurs in the individual over the years. Among these phases, the period after the phase of denial and anger will be the most appropriate period to seek psychological help. Because something that the individual denies cannot help him. Acceptance is required.” he spoke.
The suffering of the victims should be shared
Specialist Clinical Psychologist Cemre Ece Gökpınar said, “In the process of loss and mourning, the duty of those who witnessed the event from afar will be to share the pain of those who experienced the disaster and the people who lost it.” he said.