Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet İnanır gave important information on the subject. Back and muscle pain are among the problems of many people. Muscle pain, which almost everyone complains about in daily life, can be a sign of more serious conditions as well as fatigue and disability. Sometimes muscle pain disappears in a few days, while sometimes it can become chronic and become permanent. While muscle pains that pass within a few days do not cause major problems, long-lasting and permanent muscle pains affect the daily life of people both in terms of activity and psychologically and cause a serious decrease in life comfort. These chronic conditions in which muscle pains become permanent and negatively affect the life of the person are called myalgia. What are the symptoms of myalgia? What Causes Muscle Pain? When Is Muscle Pain Dangerous? What is Muscle Pain Treatment? What are the Ways to Avoid Muscle Pain?
What are the symptoms of myalgia?
The symptoms of myalgia vary and can sometimes be confused with the symptoms of other diseases. Some of the most common myalgia symptoms are as follows: Long-term muscle pain, limitation of movement in the muscles with pain, cramps, muscle fatigue that does not go away with rest, muscle stiffness and tenderness in certain muscle groups.
One of the most important factors in the elimination of myalgia is to determine the cause correctly. Some of the causes of myalgia are:
Certain muscle groups are used more than others in daily movements. Especially in some occupational groups, constant muscle pain is observed. Myalgia may develop in people who work at desks and heavy lifting, or in individuals with posture disorders. In addition, factors such as myalgia are more likely to occur. Some of the most common causes of myalgias in the back and neck region are postural disorders during work and the resulting overload and strain on these muscle groups. Common causes of muscle pain include excessive exertion, trauma to a part of the body, viral infections, long-term use of cortisone. It can be felt in any part of the body that has muscles. Depending on the cause, the discomfort can be mild or very severe.
What Causes Muscle Pain?
Stress makes it harder for the body to fight disease. People who are sick and stressed may experience pain in their muscles as the body tries to fight off inflammation or infection. In addition, anxiety, fear and stress combine to lower immunity and cause muscle, waist, neck, head, and even joint pain. People can try to cope with stress by learning cognitive and coping techniques and avoiding stressful situations if possible.
A person may experience muscle aches and pains if they do not get the appropriate nutrients from their diet. Vitamin B12 deficiency is among the factors that cause low back pain.
Vitamin D is an important factor especially in ensuring the regular functioning of the muscles. Vitamin D helps with calcium absorption, and a deficiency of this vitamin can cause low calcium. This is a condition that can affect bones and organs in addition to muscles.
Severe muscle pain problem may also occur in individuals who are exposed to dehydration, which means that the body has insufficient water ratio.
Drinking enough water is vital to keep the body functioning properly. Because the lack of enough fluid in the body can cause the functions to become inadequate. Therefore, it is necessary to make it a habit to take adequate fluids.
Insufficient sleep or insufficient rest can give different symptoms on the body. One of them manifests as headache and general body pain. Insufficient sleep can make people feel sluggish.
Excessive activity can cause muscle strain and pain. Not having a regular exercise routine, starting a new exercise, exercising more intensely or for longer than usual, warming up or not stretching properly can also cause muscle or low back neck pain.
Hereditary conditions, Infections, other Diseases can also cause muscle pain. Anemia, Joint inflammation, Chronic fatigue syndrome, asymmetrical gait (Lumbling), Influenza infections, Fibromyalgia Syndrome, myofascial pain syndrome can be counted among other causes of pain.
When Is Muscle Pain Dangerous?
Prolonged muscle pain, sudden onset and unfamiliar muscle pain should worry you and you should be examined by a specialist.
What is Muscle Pain Treatment?
Physical therapy plays a very important role in the treatment of myalgias that develop due to factors such as posture disorders, muscle weakness and skeletal problems. It can be treated with methods such as electrotherapy, neural therapy, manipulation and ozone, cupping therapy, dry needling and massage applied by physical therapy and rehabilitation specialists.
What are the Ways to Avoid Muscle Pain?
Regular exercise is very important to eliminate muscle pain that becomes chronic and myalgia. Performing exercises such as aerobic exercises, stretching and stretching exercises, and endurance exercises correctly and regularly reduces the incidence of myalgia by making the muscles stronger and more flexible. The important thing during exercise is the expert advice and correct implementation of the movements. Improper exercises can cause increased pain and other injuries.