Today in History: National Lottery Administration Established

National Lottery Administration Established
National Lottery Administration Established

July 5 is the 186nd (187rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 179 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • July 5, 1952 2 motorized trains taken from Germany are 140 km. speeding.

Olaylar 

  • 1687 - Isaac Newton publishes his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
  • 1770 – The Battle of Cesme took place between the Russian and Ottoman fleets. The Russian Navy completely destroyed the Ottoman Navy.
  • 1811 - Venezuela declared its independence from Spain.
  • 1830 - France occupied Algeria.
  • 1921 – Italian troops withdrew completely from Antalya.
  • 1924 – VIII. The Olympic Games started in Paris. to the Olympic Games in which 42 countries participated; Germany did not participate due to its problems with France.
  • 1932 - Antonio de Oliveria Salazar is appointed head of the fascist regime in Portugal.
  • 1937 – Record temperature in Saskatchewan, Canada: 45 °C.
  • 1939 – The National Lottery Administration was established.
  • 1940 – II. World War II: The United Kingdom and Vichy France mutually cut off diplomatic relations.
  • 1941 – II. World War II: German Troops reach the Dnieper River.
  • 1946 - French fashion designer Louis Réard introduces the two-piece swimsuit he calls the “Bikini” in Paris. The swimsuit was named after Bikini Island in the Pacific, where the United States was testing the atomic bomb.
  • 1950 – Korean War: First engagements between United States and North Korean Troops.
  • 1954 - The BBC broadcasts its first television newscast.
  • 1954 - Elvis Presley recorded his first song.
  • 1962 - Algeria declared its independence from France.
  • 1964 – Retired Colonel Talat Aydemir was executed. Aydemir was retired on February 22, 1962 due to the coup attempt. When Aydemir repeated his attempt on May 20, 1963, he was tried and sentenced to death.
  • 1970 – A Canadian Airways passenger plane crashes near Toronto International Airport: 108 people are killed.
  • 1971 – The voting age in the United States is lowered from 21 to 18.
  • 1977 – Pakistani Chief of General Staff Zia ul Haq staged a coup; Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was arrested.
  • 1989 – Iran-Contra Scandal: Oliver North is sentenced to 3 years imprisonment, 2 years probation, $150.000 fine, and 1200 hours of voluntary community service.
  • 1989 – TV series Seinfeld'The first part has been published.
  • 1993 – Başbağlar Massacre. Three days after the Sivas Massacre, 3 people, including women and children, allegedly committed by the PKK in retaliation for this incident, were killed in Başbağlar village of Kemaliye district of Erzincan.
  • 1996 - A sheep named Dolly became the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell.
  • 1998 - Japan sent a spacecraft to Mars and became the third country in space exploration after the USA and Russia.
  • 2003 – An explosion occurred at Petrol Ofisi Station on Ankara İncesu Street. In the disaster, more than 14 people died and more than 200 people were injured. With the on-site intervention of its authorities, the capital narrowly avoided a major disaster.
  • 2006 - North Korea tests six short- and medium-range missiles and one long-range missile.
  • 2020 – General elections are held in Dominica.

births 

  • 1802 – Pavel Nahimov, Russian admiral (d. 1855)
  • 1805 – Robert FitzRoy, English meteorologist and sailor (d. 1865)
  • 1810 - PT Barnum, American businessman and "Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey” (d. 1891)
  • 1820 – William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer, physicist, and mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1853 – Cecil Rhodes, English politician and businessman (d. 1902)
  • 1857 – Clara Zetkin, German revolutionary socialist politician and women's rights activist (d. 1933)
  • 1872 – Édouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
  • 1873 – Eugene Lindsay Opie, American physician and pathologist (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Jean Cocteau, French poet, novelist, painter, and film director (d. 1963)
  • 1891 – John Howard Northrop, American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry (d. 1987)
  • 1904 – Ernst Mayr, German-American evolutionary biologist (d. 2005)
  • 1911 – Georges Pompidou, French politician (d. 1974)
  • 1926 – Salvador Jorge Blanco, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
  • 1932 – Gyula Horn, Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Gerard 't Hooft, Dutch physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics
  • 1950 Huey Lewis, American musician
  • 1952 – Nesim Malki, Turkish businessman and moneylender of Jewish descent (d. 1995)
  • 1956 – Horacio Cartes, Paraguayan statesman
  • 1956 – Ahn Ho-young, South Korean diplomat
  • 1957 – Cem Toker, Turkish politician
  • 1958 – Avigdor Liberman, Israeli politician
  • 1958 Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (d. 1996)
  • 1963 – Edie Falco is an American stage, film and television actress.
  • 1964 – Piotr Nowak, Polish football player
  • 1965 – Reha Özcan, Turkish actress
  • 1966 – Gianfranco Zola, Italian football player
  • 1967 – Steffen Wink, German actor
  • 1968 – Michael Stuhlbarg is an American actor.
  • 1969 – RZA, American Grammy Award-winning record producer, rapper, writer, actor, screenwriter, and director
  • 1973 – Marcus Allback, Swedish former international football player
  • 1973 – Róisín Murphy, Irish singer, songwriter and producer
  • 1974 – Marcio Amoroso, Brazilian football player
  • 1975 – Ai Sugiyama, Japanese professional tennis player
  • 1975 - Hernan Crespo, Argentine football player
  • 1975 – Sebahat Tuncel, Turkish politician of Kurdish origin
  • 1976 – Nuno Gomes, Portuguese former football player
  • 1976 – Çiğdem Can Rasna, Turkish volleyball player
  • 1977 – Nicolas Kiefer is a German tennis player.
  • 1977 – Royce da 5'9″, an American rapper
  • 1978 – İsmail YK, Turkish singer
  • 1979 – Amelie Mauresmo, French tennis player
  • 1979 – Barış Çakmak, Turkish film actor
  • 1979 – Stilian Petrov, Bulgarian football player
  • 1980 – David Rozehnal, Czech former international football player
  • 1980 – Tanem Sivar, Turkish presenter
  • 1981 – Ryan Hansen, American actor and comedian
  • 1982 – Tuba Büyüküstün, Turkish TV actress
  • 1982 – Alberto Gilardino, Italian former international football player
  • 1986 – Eshkan Dijage, Iranian national football player
  • 1986 – Piermario Morosini, Italian football player (d. 2012)
  • 1987 – İlkin Tüfekçi, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1988 – Samir Ujkani, Kosovar national football player
  • 1989 – Dejan Lovren, Croatian national football player
  • 1989 – Sean O'Pry, American model
  • 1992 – Alberto Moreno, Spanish football player
  • 1996 – Dolly, first mammal to be cloned (d. 2003)

Weapon 

  • 967 – Murakami, 62nd emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 926)
  • 1044 – Samuel Aba, Hungarian king who ruled from 1041-1044 (b. 990)
  • 1572 – Longqing, 12th emperor of China's Ming Dynasty (b. 1537)
  • 1833 – Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (first photographed) (b. 1765)
  • 1884 – Victor Massé, French opera composer and music educator (b. 1822)
  • 1911 – Johnstone Stoney, Anglo-Irish physicist (b. 1826)
  • 1920 – Max Klinger, German symbolist painter and sculptor (b. 1857)
  • 1927 – Albrecht Kossel, German biochemist and geneticist pioneer (b. 1853)
  • 1932 – René-Louis Baire, French mathematician (b. 1874)
  • 1938 – Otto Bauer, Austrian social democratic politician, one of the theorists of Austrian Marxism (b. 1881)
  • 1943 – Franco Lucchini, Italian World War II ace pilot (b. 2)
  • 1945 – John Curtin was an Australian politician who served as the 1941th Prime Minister of Australia from 1945 until his death in 14 (b.
  • 1945 – Julius Dorpmueller, German Reich Minister of Transport from 1937 to 1945 (b. 1869)
  • 1948 – Carole Landis, American film actress (b. 1919)
  • 1950 – Salvatore Giuliano, Sicilian peasant (b. 1922)
  • 1952 – Safiye Ali, Turkish medical doctor (b. 1894)
  • 1964 – Talat Aydemir, Turkish soldier and leader of failed coup attempts on February 22, 1962 and May 20, 1963 (b. 1917)
  • 1968 - Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke, II. German general during World War II (b. 1889)
  • 1969 – Walter Gropius, German architect and one of the founders of the Bauhaus movement (b. 1883)
  • 1975 – Otto Skorzeny, German Schutzstaffel military (b. 1908)
  • 1983 – Harry James, actor and trumpet player (b. 1916)
  • 1983 – Hennes Weisweiler, German football player and coach (b.1919)
  • 1987 – İdris Küçükömer, Turkish economist and thinker (b. 1925)
  • 2001 – George Dawson, American author (b. 1898)
  • 2001 – Hannelore Kohl, first lady, wife of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl (b. 1933)
  • 2002 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Adil Erdem Bayazıt, Turkish writer, poet and Member of Parliament (b. 1939)
  • 2008 – Hasan Doğan, Turkish businessman and President of the Turkish Football Federation (b. 1956)
  • 2010 – Nasr Hamid Abu Zaid, Islamic scholar and thinker (b. 1943)
  • 2013 – Daniel Wegner, American social psychologist (b.1948)
  • 2015 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-born American physicist (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Pierre Henry, French composer (b. 1927)
  • 2017 – Joaquín Navarro-Valls, Spanish journalist, physician, and academic (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Claude Lanzmann, French filmmaker, director and writer (b. 1925)
  • 2018 – Ed Schultz, American radio and TV host (b. 1954)
  • 2019 – Joel Holden Filártiga, Paraguayan physician, artist and human rights activist (b. 1932)
  • 2019 – John McCririck, British horse racing expert, television personality, and journalist (b. 1940)
  • 2020 – Ragaa Al Geddawy, Egyptian actress (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Antônio Bivar, Brazilian writer (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Nick Cordero, Canadian actor (b. 1978)
  • 2020 – Ayatollah Durrani, Pakistani politician (b. 1956)
  • 2020 – Cleveland Eaton, American black jazz guitarist, record producer, arranger, composer, broadcaster, and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2020 – Bettina Gilois, German-American screenwriter and author (b. 1961)
  • 2020 – Mahendra Yadav, Indian National Congress politician (b. 1950)
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