Today in History: Ownership of US Bases in Turkey Transferred to Turkey

Ownership of US Bases in Turkey Transferred to Turkey
Ownership of US Bases in Turkey Transferred to Turkey

July 3 is the 184nd (185rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 181 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 1938 – Steam train speed record broken in the UK: 203 km/h.

Events 

  • 1243 – The Kösedağ War took place, which resulted in the defeat of the Anatolian Seljuk State to the Mongol Empire and its subordination to the Mongols.
  • 1250 - King of France IX. Louis was captured by the Mamluk ruler Baibars in Egypt during the 7th Crusade.
  • 1462 – Lesbos is taken by the Ottomans.
  • 1767 – Norway's oldest newspaper Adresseavisen started to be published. This newspaper is still out.
  • 1778 - Prussia declared war on Austria.
  • 1890 - Idaho became the 43rd state of the United States.
  • 1905 - Soldiers in Russia kill more than six thousand workers who went on a general strike.
  • 1908 – Kolağası Resneli Niyazi Bey, with the approval of the Committee of Union and Progress, went to the mountains near Ohrid in Macedonia, and II. He became the leader of the uprising that led to the declaration of the Constitutional Monarchy.
  • 1928 - The first color television broadcast takes place in London.
  • 1938 – Steam train speed record broken in the UK: 203 km/h.
  • 1938 – The Turkish-French Military Agreement was signed in Antakya between Turkey and France. 2500 Turkish and 2500 French soldiers were assigned to protect the territorial integrity of Hatay and to ensure the census and control of the elections to be held. Turkish troops entered Hatay on 5 July.
  • 1944 – II. World War II: Minsk is recaptured from the Nazis by Soviet troops.
  • 1969 – The ownership of the United States bases in Turkey passed to Turkey.
  • 1970 – A British passenger plane crashes in the mountainous region north of Barcelona, ​​Spain: 113 people are killed.
  • 1976 – Israeli commandos rescued 105 hostages from a plane that was held at Entebbe International Airport in Entebbe, Uganda, after they were abducted.
  • 1988 – Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge was opened in Istanbul.
  • 1988 – An Iran Air passenger plane crashed over the Persian Gulf as a result of the fire opened by a US warship: 290 people were killed.
  • 1991 - The Republic of Chechnya was proclaimed.
  • 1994 – Deadliest day in traffic history in Texas: 46 people died in various accidents.
  • 2001 – A Tupolev TU-154 passenger plane crashes as it is about to land in Irkutsk-Russia: 145 people are killed.
  • 2004 – The subway system came into operation in Bangkok.
  • 2005 – Same-sex marriage law comes into effect in Spain.
  • 2006 – 2004 XP14 The asteroid called Earth passed within 432.308 km.
  • 2011 – Turkish football match-fixing case started.
  • 2013 – Coup in Egypt: The army seized power.

Births 

  • 1423 – XI. Louis, King of France (d. 1483)
  • 1530 – Claude Fauchet, French historian (d. 1601)
  • 1683 – Edward Young, English poet (d. 1765)
  • 1823 – Ahmed Vefik Pasha, Ottoman statesman, diplomat, translator and playwright (d. 1891)
  • 1852 – Theodore Robinson, American painter (d. 1896)
  • 1854 – Leoš Janáček, Czech composer (d. 1928)
  • 1860 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American author, women's movement pioneer, and feminist theorist (d. 1935)
  • 1875 – Fehime Sultan, daughter of Ottoman Sultan Murad V (d. 1929)
  • 1883 – Franz Kafka, German writer (d. 1924)
  • 1900 – Alessandro Blasetti, Italian director (d. 1987)
  • 1904 – Lauri Virtanen, Finnish athlete (d. 1982)
  • 1906 George Sanders, English actor (d. 1972)
  • 1926 – Pierre Drai, French judge (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Ken Russell, English film director (d. 2011)
  • 1928 – Orhan Günşiray, Turkish cinema artist (d. 2008)
  • 1930 – Antonio Cubillo, Spanish lawyer, politician, and activist (d. 2012)
  • 1942 – Eddy Mitchell, French singer and actor
  • 1946 – Leszek Miller, Polish leftist politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland from 2001 to 2004
  • 1949 – Elizabeth Edwards, American politician, activist, and author (d.2010)
  • 1951 – Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian dictator; bureaucrat and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1952 – Laura Branigan, American singer (d. 2004)
  • 1959 – Kader Arif, French socialist politician
  • 1962 – Abdulkadir Yüksel, Turkish pharmacist and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1962 – Hunter Tylo, American actor
  • 1962 – Tom Cruise, American actor and Golden Globe winner
  • 1963 – Tracey Emin, British painter of Gypsy and Turkish Cypriot descent
  • 1964 – Joanne Harris, English writer
  • 1964 – Yeardley Smith, Emmy Award-winning American actress, writer, painter, and voice actor
  • 1968 – Ramush Haradinaj, Kosovo politician of Albanian descent
  • 1969 – Gedeon Burkhard, German actor
  • 1970 – Audra McDonald, American actress and singer
  • 1970 – Askin Nur Yengi, Turkish singer
  • 1971 - Julian Assange, Australian computer programmer and editor of Wikileaks website and press sözcüwater
  • 1971 – Benedict Wong, English actor
  • 1973 – Jorge Andrés Boero, Argentine motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
  • 1973 – Patrick Wilson, American film, stage actor, and singer
  • 1974 – Stephan Luca, German actor
  • 1976 – Hilal Cebeci, Turkish singer, presenter and actress
  • 1979 – Ludivine Sagnier is a French actress and model.
  • 1980 – Olivia Munn, American actress and model
  • 1980 – Roland Mark Schoeman, South African swimmer
  • 1984 – Leyla Aliyeva, daughter of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev
  • 1986 - Oscar Ustari, Argentine football player
  • 1987 – Mariano Tripodi, Argentine football player
  • 1987 – Sebastian Vettel, German Formula 1 driver
  • 1988 – James Troisi is an Australian midfielder.
  • 1991 – Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova, Russian tennis player
  • 1993 – Kerem Demirbay is a Turkish-German national football player.

Deaths 

  • 362 BC – Epaminondos, general from Thebes (b. 418 BC)
  • 187 BC – III. Antiochus, 6th Ruler of the Seleucid Empire (b. ca. 241 BC)
  • 683 – II. Leo, alias Leo Maneius, was Pope from 17 August 682 to 28 June 683 (b. 611)
  • 1642 - Marie de' Medici, King of France IV. Henry's second wife, Queen of France and a member of the Medici dynasty (b. 1575)
  • 1881 – Hoca Tahsin Efendi, Ottoman scientist and thinker (b. 1811)
  • 1904 – Theodor Herzl, Austrian journalist and founder of Zionism (b. 1860)
  • 1918 – Mehmet V, 35th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 1934 – Henry (duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin) was consort prince of the Netherlands as consort of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (b. 1876)
  • 1935 – André Citroën, French engineer and industrialist (one of the pioneers of the French automobile industry) (b. 1878)
  • 1941 – Kazım Dirik, Turkish soldier and politician (b. 1880)
  • 1946 – Muzaffer Tayyip Uslu, Turkish poet (b. 1922)
  • 1951 – Tadeusz Borowski, Polish poet and writer (b. 1922)
  • 1969 – Brian Jones, English rock musician and co-founder of the Rolling Stones (b. 1942)
  • 1971 – Jim Morrison, American singer and lead singer of The Doors (b. 1943)
  • 1972 – Hasan Ali Ediz, Turkish journalist and translator (b. 1904)
  • 1986 – Rudy Vallee, American singer (b. 1901)
  • 2000 – Kemal Sunal, Turkish film actor (b. 1944)
  • 2004 – Andriyan Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut of Chuvash descent (b. 1929)
  • 2005 – Alberto Lattuada, Italian film director (b. 1914)
  • 2012 – Andy Griffith, American actor, comedian, producer, director, writer, musician, singer, and educator (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Radu Vasile, Romanian politician, historian and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2015 – Amanda Peterson, American actress (b. 1971)
  • 2015 – Jacques Sernas, Lithuanian-born French actor (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Noel Neill, American television, film and actor (b. 1920)
  • 2017 – Spencer Johnson, American writer (b. 1938)
  • 2017 – Joseph Robinson, English actor and stuntman (b. 1927)
  • 2017 – Rudy Rotta, Italian blues musician and guitarist (b. 1950)
  • 2017 – Solvi Stubing, German actress (b. 1941)
  • 2017 – Paolo Villaggio, Italian actor, voice actor, writer, director and comedian (b. 1932)
  • 2018 – Takahiro Satō, Japanese manga artist and writer (b. 1977)
  • 2019 – Sudarshan Agarwal, Indian politician (b. 1931)
  • 2019 – Perro Aguayo, Mexican professional wrestler (b. 1946)
  • 2019 – Koldo Aguirre, Spanish former professional football player and manager (b. 1939)
  • 2019 – Basant Kumar Birla, Indian philanthropist, businessman (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Arte Johnson, American comedian, dubbing artist, and actor (b. 1929)
  • 2019 – Küçük İskender, Turkish poet, critic and actor (b. 1964)
  • 2020 – Ejike Obumneme Aghanya, Nigerian military officer and electrical engineer (b. 1932)
  • 2020 – Earl Cameron, British actor born in Bermuda (b. 1917)
  • 2020 – Scott Erskine, American serial killer (b. 1962)

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