Today in History: Military Academy Established in Istanbul

War Academy Established in Istanbul
War Academy Established in Istanbul

July 10 is the 191nd (192rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • July 10, 1915 With the efforts of Captain of the Fourth Şümendifer Company in Izmir, Captain İskender (Sayıner) Bey, the School of Şümendifer Officers was opened in İzmir and Yeşilköy. In 4 years, about 2 railroads were trained.
  • 10 July 1953 Bursa-Mudanya narrow line (42 km) was removed from operation and dismantled with the law number 6135. This line was put into operation on June 17, 1892 and purchased by the state on June 1, 1931. 1953 Domestic freight wagon manufacturing started at Sivas Railway Factory.

Olaylar 

  • 48 BC – Battle of Dyrrhachium; Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus defeated Julius Caesar.
  • 1778 - American Revolution: King of France XVI. Louis declared war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • 1890 - Wyoming became the 44th state of the United States.
  • 1894 – An earthquake occurred in Istanbul that killed 474 people.
  • 1900 - Paris metro opened.
  • 1910 – Cerrahpaşa Hospital was established.
  • 1913 - The temperature in California's "Death Valley" is 56.7 °C. This is the highest temperature ever measured in the USA.
  • 1921 – The Kütahya-Eskişehir battles started with the attack of the Greek Army.
  • 1923 – The Military Academy was established in Istanbul.
  • 1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah was appointed as the General Governor of Pakistan, which was formed after the partition of India.
  • 1951 – Randy Turpin defeats Sugar Ray Robinson to become middleweight boxing champion.
  • 1952 – The Journalists' Union of Turkey (TGS) was founded.
  • 1961 – Galatasaray's national football player Metin Oktay transferred to Palermo football team of Italy for 675.000 liras.
  • 1962 - The United States launched the Telstar satellite, which would provide intercontinental communications.
  • 1971 – Some units of the Moroccan Army attempted a revolution against the “Kingdom Regime”. The country was declared a republic.
  • 1973 – The Bahamas declared independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1985 – The Greenpeace ship “Rainbow Warrior” was bombed and sunk by the French intelligence agency DGSE in the Port of Auckland.
  • 1991 - Boris Yeltsin took office as President of Russia.
  • 1992 – The Socialist Party was dissolved by the Constitutional Court.
  • 1992 – Panamanian general Manuel Noriega was tried in Miami, Florida; He was sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug dealing and racketeering.
  • 1996 – Türksat satellite was launched into space from French Guiana and settled in its temporary orbit.
  • 2002 – by Peter Paul Rubens Murder of the Innocents His painting was sold at an auction for $76,2 million.
  • 2020 – Hagia Sophia Mosque was reopened for worship as a mosque by the Council of State.

births 

  • 1509 – Jean Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
  • 1517 – Odet de Coligny, French Cardinal (d. 1571)
  • 1592 Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
  • 1792 – George M. Dallas, American politician and diplomat (d. 1864)
  • 1830 – Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
  • 1856 – Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist (d. 1943)
  • 1862 Helene Schjerfbeck, Finnish painter (d. 1946)
  • 1871 – Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
  • 1895 – Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
  • 1902 – Kurt Alder, German chemist (d. 1958)
  • 1920 – Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (d. 2006)
  • 1920 – Remo Gaspari, Italian politician (d. 2011)
  • 1922 – Stella Kübler, Jewish Gestapo staff (d. 1994)
  • 1923 – Şemsi Yastıman, Turkish Folk Music artist (d. 1994)
  • 1928 – Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. October 4, 2000)
  • 1931 – Jerry Herman, American composer, songwriter, and musician (d. 2019)
  • 1939 – Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish political scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1940 – Raffaele Calabro, Italian cleric (d. 2017)
  • 1942 – Ronnie James Dio, American musician (d. 2010)
  • 1943 – Sema Özcan, Turkish actress
  • 1948 – Ali Haydar Öner, Turkish bureaucrat and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1950 – Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Greek lawyer, academic and 7th President of Greece
  • 1956 – Mehmet Serhat Karadağ, Turkish wrestler and trainer
  • 1957 – Barbaros Şansal, Turkish fashion designer
  • 1958 – Fiona Shaw is an Irish actress, theater and opera director.
  • 1960 – Seth Godin, American writer
  • 1961 – Jacky Cheung, singer and actor from Hong Kong
  • 1969 Gale Harold, American actor
  • 1970 – John Simm, English actor
  • 1970 – Helen Sjöholm, Swedish singer, actress, and musical theater performer
  • 1971 – Erika Jayne, American singer, television personality, and actress
  • 1972 Sofia Vergara, Colombian actress
  • 1973 – Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Japanese animator and director
  • 1974 – Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
  • 1974 – Zeynep Gülmez, Turkish theater and film actress
  • 1975 – Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor and singer (d. 2018)
  • 1976 – Edmílson Gomes, Italian-Brazilian football player
  • 1976 – Ludovic Giuly, French football player
  • 1976 – Adrian Grenier, American actor, director, and musician
  • 1976 – Şafak Pavey, Turkish diplomat and politician
  • 1977 – Sinan Tuzcu, Turkish TV series and film actor
  • 1979 – Gong Yoo, South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Han Eun-jung, a South Korean actress
  • 1980 – Claudia Leitte, Brazilian singer
  • 1980 – Jessica Simpson, American singer
  • 1981 – Ramazan Döne, Turkish handball player
  • 1981 – Aleksandar Tunchev, Bulgarian football player
  • 1982 – Leila Alaoui, Moroccan-French photographer and videographer (d. 2016)
  • 1983 – Kim Hee-chul is a South Korean singer, actor, composer and host.
  • 1983 – Gulsifte Ferahani, Iranian film actress, activist and singer
  • 1983 – Barış Pehlivan is a Turkish journalist and writer.
  • 1983 – MakSim, Russian singer and songwriter
  • 1984 – Saori Arita, Japanese volleyball player
  • 1984 – Michaël Chrétien Basser, French-Moroccan national football player
  • 1984 – Mark González is a Chilean football player.
  • 1984 - Lawrence Olum is a Kenyan football player.
  • 1985 – Mario Gómez, German football player
  • 1986 – Wyatt Russell, American actor
  • 1989 - Alan Carvalho, Brazilian football player
  • 1989 – İsmail Köybaşı, Turkish football player
  • 1989 - Carlos Zambrano, Peruvian national football player
  • 1990 – Ciara Everard, Irish athlete
  • 1990 – Emily Skeggs, American actress and singer
  • 1990 – Ali Şasal Vural, Turkish goalkeeper
  • 1990 – Emilijus Zubas, Lithuanian national football player
  • 1991 - Kim Cesarion is a Swedish singer.
  • 1993 – Perrie Edwards, English musician and member of Little Mix
  • 1995 – Ada Hegerberg, Norwegian football player

Weapon 

  • 138 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
  • 649 – Li Shimin, emperor of China from 626-649 (b. 599)
  • 831 – Zübeyde bint Cafer, wife of Harunürreşîd, one of the Abbasid caliphs, mother of Emin
  • 983 – VII. Benedict was Pope of the Catholic Church from October 974 until his death
  • 1099 – El Cid (Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar), Castilian noble, commander, and diplomat (b. 1040)
  • 1103 – Erik I became King of Denmark in 1095, succeeding his brother Olaf I (b. 1060)
  • 1226 – Zahir, thirty-fifth of the Abbasid caliphs (b. 1176)
  • 1453 – Çandarlı Halil Pasha, Ottoman statesman and Grand Vizier (b. ?)
  • 1559 – II. Henri, King of France from March 31, 1547 until his death. Second son of François I (b. 1519)
  • 1561 – Rüstem Pasha, Ottoman statesman and Grand Vizier (b. 1500)
  • 1601 - Damat İbrahim Pasha is an Ottoman statesman.
  • 1851 – Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre, French artist and chemist (b. 1787)
  • 1884 – Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
  • 1910 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (b. 1812)
  • 1915 – Vaja Pshavela, Georgian writer and poet (b. 1861)
  • 1936 – Rafael de Nogales Méndez, Venezuelan soldier and writer (b. 1879)
  • 1944 – Lucien Pissarro, English landscape painter, printmaker, wood engraver, artistic book designer and printmaker (b. 1863)
  • 1975 – Nurettin Topçu, Turkish writer, academician and intellectual (b. 1909)
  • 1977 – Şükrü Gülesin, Turkish football player and sports writer (b. 1922)
  • 1979 – Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
  • 1982 – Ziya Keskiner, Turkish theater actor and director (b. 1910)
  • 1992 – Cevdet Kudret, Turkish writer and literary historian (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Şemsi Yastıman, Turkish Folk Music artist (b. 1923)
  • 1995 – Mehmet Ali Aybar, Turkish politician and writer (b. 1908)
  • 1996 – Hamiyet Yüceses, Turkish singer (b. 1916)
  • 2006 – Shamil Basayev, Chechen leader (b. 1965)
  • 2013 – Ali İsmail Korkmaz, Turkish student (who died in Gezi Park protests) (b. 1994)
  • 2013 – Kemal Güven, Turkish lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2015 – Omar Sharif, Lebanese-Egyptian film actor (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Abu Omar al-Shishani, Chechen militant, one of the leaders and military commander of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (b. 1986)
  • 2016 – Atilla Manizade, Turkish opera singer (b. 1934)
  • 2017 – Peter Härtling, German writer, poet, publisher and journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2017 – Eugene Koffi Kouame, Ivory Coast football player (b. 1988)
  • 2017 – Isabelle Sadoyan, Armenian-French actress (b. 1928)
  • 2018 – Carlo Benetton, Italian billionaire businessman (b. 1943)
  • 2018 – Jan Henry T. Olsen, Norwegian politician (b. 1956)
  • 2018 – Darryl Rogers, Former American football player and coach (b. 1935)
  • 2019 – Paulo Henrique Amorim, Brazilian journalist (b. 1942)
  • 2019 – Valentina Cortese, Italian actress (b. 1923)
  • 2019 – Denise Nickerson, American actress (b. 1957)
  • 2019 – Albert Shepherd, English actor (b. 1936)
  • 2020 – Jack Charlton, English football player (b. 1935)
  • 2020 – Corra Dirksen, South African rugby union player (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Ghaida Kambash, Iraqi female politician (b. 1974)
  • 2020 – Cosmas Magaya, Zimbabwean mbira musician (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Paik Sun-yup, South Korean soldier (b. 1920)
  • 2020 – Lara Victoria van Ruijven, Dutch short track speed skater (b. 1992)
  • 2020 – Olga Tass, Hungarian gymnast (b. 1929)
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