Early detection of common mammary tumors in dogs saves lives. Near East University Animal Hospital Chief Physician Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene points out that the risk of mammary tumors is higher in hunting dogs, Daschund, Spanish Cooker, Terrier and German Shepherd Dogs.
Mammary tumors, one of the most common diseases in dogs, pose a great threat to life in advanced stages and greatly reduce the quality of life. It is possible to eliminate breast tumors, which are mostly caused by genetic reasons, with the least damage with early diagnosis and treatment. For this, regular control, early diagnosis and intervention are vital in dogs as in humans.
The Chief Physician of Near East University Animal Hospital, which has performed over 2014 breast tumor surgeries since its establishment in 100, and has made its patients healthy, Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene shared important information about the issues to be considered in cases of mammary tumors in dogs.
Dogs are among the living species where mammary tumors are most common.
Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene says that dogs are one of the creatures where mammary tumors are seen most frequently, and emphasizes that these tumors are malignant at rates ranging from 41 to 53 percent depending on the breed of dog. This increases the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Stating that malignant mammary tumors in dogs can spread to the body quite quickly, Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene said, “Tumors in the udder of the dog spread to regional lymph nodes, lungs, liver and other parenchymatous organs, increasing the life-threatening situation. Although rare, metastases can also occur in the bones and brain.
Stating that gender, age, breed, body weight, endogenous hormones, growth factors and sterilization history are the determining factors in mammary tumors in dogs, Assoc. Dr. He informs the adolescent that the risk of breast tumors can rise to 3% at the age of 4-4 years, to 4 percent at the age of 8-29 years and to 8 percent at the age of 67 years. Mammary tumors, which are more likely to be seen with increasing age, are more malignant in older dogs and benign tumors in young dogs.
Which breeds are the most risky?
Chief Physician of Near East University Animal Hospital Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene emphasizes that the risk of mammary tumors is higher especially in hunting breed dogs. The most risky breeds are Daschund, Spanish Cooker, Terrier and German Shepherd dogs.
Gender is also one of the most important criteria. Mammary tumors, which are frequently seen in female dogs, can be seen rarely in male dogs. Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene says that one of the most effective measures in breast tumors is sterilization. While the risk of mammary tumor decreases to 5 per thousand in dogs neutered after the first heat, the risk can increase up to 8 percent in those sterilized after the second heat.
Early detection saves lives!
In the diagnosis of mammary tumors, information on when the tumor was noticed, the time elapsed, the growth process, the last estrus date, hormonal or medical treatments that may be related to the tumor, and whether the animal has had a previous sterilization operation are important. Since it is difficult to obtain precise information about when the tumor begins to form, the growth rate can be important in terms of treatment and outcome.
Over 100 cases of mammary tumors treated at Animal Hospital
Breast tumors consist of a simple nodule with clear borders; Stating that it can be different from common and ulcerated masses whose borders cannot be determined precisely, Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene warns that for correct diagnosis and treatment, the treatment center should be fully equipped, from imaging devices to laboratory equipment. Stating that he has a great experience in the diagnosis and treatment of mammary tumors with the fully equipped equipment of the Near East University Animal Hospital, Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene says that they have performed more than 2014 breast tumor operations since 100.
Assoc. Dr. Osman Ergene explained the diagnosis process of canine tumors, “The extent of the tumor should be investigated first by clinical examination. Local adhesion, mobility, connection with skin-muscle layers, presence of ulceration or secondary infection, size, color and consistency are examined. In addition to these, the condition of other mammary glands, local lymph nodes are palpated. Radiographs should be taken to investigate the possibility of tumor spreading to the lungs. In addition to all these, the general health status of the patient, hematological and biochemical values, liver and kidney functions should be determined and a decision should be made about the treatment method. Assoc. Dr. Ergene says that the most effective method to increase the life expectancy and quality of life of the sick dog is surgical intervention.