Today in History: The 39th Turkish Division, the Second Landing Unit, Landed in Cyprus

Operation Cyprus
Operation Cyprus

July 22 is the 203nd (204rd in leap years) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 162 days left until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 22 July 1920 Western Front Commander Ali Fuat Pasha, commanded by the hunger of the train stations, the indifferent to the job of those who do not interfere, the Christians asked to be treated nice. He told me that the people had promised them.
  • 22 July 1953 date and 6186 numbered State Railways have been separated from the annexed budget. The same law the name of the Republic of Turkey State Railways Administration (TCDD) was. The company has no relationship with railway construction.
  • 22 July 1953 TCDD Business Law was adopted.
  • 22 July 2004 The Yakup Kadri Express departing from Istanbul to Ankara in Sakarya Pamukova derailed due to speeding. 38 people lost their lives in the accident, 80 people were injured.

Olaylar 

  • 1298 – Battle of Falkirk: Scottish Commander William Wallace is defeated by King Edward I of Britain.
  • 1456 – Siege of Belgrade: Hungarian Commander János Hunyadi, Ottoman Sultan II. He defeated Mehmed.
  • 1875 - Ekinci The first issue of the newspaper was published.
  • The Ministry of Security, which was established in 1909 – 1879, was closed, the “Law on the Istanbul Province and the General Directorate of Security” was accepted and the General Directorate of Security under the Ministry of Internal Affairs was established.
  • 1931 – The law on the import restrictions system was passed in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1933 - Wiley Post becomes the first person to circumnavigate the Earth alone by plane. his 15.596-mile journey; It took 7 days, 18 hours, 45 minutes.
  • 1946 – The WHO Constitution was signed by representatives of 61 countries.
  • 1946 – The King David Hotel, which was used as the headquarters of the British administration in Jerusalem, was bombed: 90 people died.
  • 1948 – It is prohibited to employ children under 16 years of age in heavy and dangerous work.
  • 1961 – 800 Turks, unable to withstand the pressures of the Barzani tribes, crossed the Iraqi border and sought asylum in Turkey. Those who came were settled in the Spotted plateau of Hakkari and food was thrown at them by plane. Migration continued in the following days.
  • 1964 – The Regional Cooperation for Development Organization (RCD) was established between Turkey, Iran and Pakistan.
  • 1965 – The law on the establishment of the National Intelligence Organization was accepted.
  • 1967 – In the earthquake of 7,2 magnitude that occurred in Adapazarı and Mudurnu at night, 173 people died and 1078 houses were damaged.
  • 1974 – Cyprus Operation: The second landing unit, the 39th Turkish Division, landed in Cyprus and united with the airborne units. At 17:00 a ceasefire was declared. Turkish troops began to wait for the outcome of the Geneva Talks within the Lapta-Girne-Nicosia triangle.
  • 1980 – Former President of the Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions (DİSK) and Maden-İş Chairman Kemal Türkler was killed.
  • 1992 - Colombian drug dealer Pablo Escobar escaped from a luxury prison near Medellin.
  • 1998 – Turkey sent its report titled “Turkey-EU Relations Development Strategy”, which it prepared in a way to form the core of EU policy, to the EU Commission and the European Union Council of Ministers, accompanied by a note.
  • 2002 – Resignations from DSP turned into a new party formation, which is also represented in the Parliament. The New Turkey Party was founded with the participation of 63 MPs under the General Presidency of İsmail Cem.
  • 2002 – Israel kills Hamas commander Salah Shehade and 14 civilians.
  • 2003 – A fire broke out in the Eiffel Tower in France.
  • 2003 – Saddam Hussein's sons, Uday Hussein, Qusay Hussein, Qusay's 14-year-old son and a bodyguard were killed in the bombing of Mosul by US troops supported by special forces.
  • 2004 – Pamukova train accident took place. Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu, which makes the accelerated train service between Ankara and Istanbul within the borders of Pamukova district of Sakarya, derailed due to excessive speed, causing 230 people to die and 41 people to be injured out of a total of 89 passengers.
  • 2007 – Turkey general elections were held. The Justice and Development Party, led by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, won 46,66 deputies with 341% of the votes and came to power again.
  • 2008 – Radovan Karadzic, a war criminal in the Bosnian War, is captured in Serbia.
  • 2015 – Ceylanpınar attack was carried out.

births 

  • 1559 – Lorenzo of Brindisi, Italian theologian and member of the Capuchin order, a branch of Franciscans (d. 1619)
  • 1596 – Michael I, Tsar of Russia (d. 1645)
  • 1784 – Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1846)
  • 1831 – Kōmei, 121st Emperor of Japan in traditional succession (d. 1867)
  • 1887 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist and Nobel Prize laureate in Physics (d. 1975)
  • 1898 – Alexander Calder, American sculptor and painter (d. 1976)
  • 1919 – Naim Talu, Turkish bureaucrat, politician and Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey (d. 1998)
  • 1923 Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • 1928 – Orson Bean, American comedian, producer, writer, and actor (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Guido de Marco, Maltese politician (d. 1931)
  • 1932 – Óscar de la Renta, Dominican fashion designer (d. 2014)
  • 1932 – Tom Robbins, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1933 – Güngör Uras, Turkish journalist and writer (d. 2018)
  • 1934 – Louise Fletcher, American film and television actress
  • 1936 – Tom Robbins, American writer
  • 1939 - Terence Stamp, English actor
  • 1943 - Kay Bailey Hutchinson, American politician
  • 1944 – Anand Satyanand, New Zealand lawyer and the United Kingdom's 19th Governor-General of New Zealand
  • 1946 – Danny Glover, American director and actor
  • 1946 – Mireille Mathieu, French singer
  • 1947 – Albert Brooks, American actor and writer
  • 1947 - Don Henley, American singer, songwriter, and drummer
  • 1949 – Şevki Şenlen, Turkish national football player and sports writer (d. 2005)
  • 1954 – Al Di Meola, American musician
  • 1955 - Willem Dafoe, American actor
  • 1956 – Azmi Bişare, Palestinian literary scholar, political writer and academic
  • 1958 – David Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1984)
  • 1958 – Ömer Sevinçgül, Turkish writer and thinker
  • 1960 – Jon Oliva, American musician
  • 1961 – Hatice Nayir, Turkish architect and poet
  • 1961 – Keith Sweat, American singer, songwriter, and record producer
  • 1962 – Steve Albini, American musician, producer, and sound engineer
  • 1963 – Burak Dilmen, Turkish football coach
  • 1963 – Emilio Butragueño, Spanish football player
  • 1964 – David Spade, American actor, stand-up comedian, and writer
  • 1964 – John Leguizamo, American actor, producer, and comedian
  • 1965 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
  • 1967 – İskender Paydaş, Turkish musician, arranger and producer
  • 1969 - Despina Vandi, Greek musician and singer
  • 1969 – Jason Becker, American guitarist and composer
  • 1971 - Kristine Lilly, American football player
  • 1973 – Daniel Jones, English-Australian producer and musician
  • 1973 – Ece Temelkuran, Turkish journalist and writer
  • 1973 – Rufus Wainwright, Canadian-American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Franka Potente, German actress and singer
  • 1975 – Aslı Der, Turkish writer
  • 1975 – Sonja Baum, German actress
  • 1976 – Birgit Öllbrunner, German bass guitarist
  • 1978 – AJ Cook, Canadian actor
  • 1978 – Dennis Rommedahl, Danish football player
  • 1979 – Anastasiya Belikova, Russian volleyball player
  • 1980 – Dirk Kuyt, Dutch football player
  • 1980 – Kate Ryan, Belgian singer
  • 1980 – Marco Marchionni, Italian football player
  • 1980 – Scott Dixon, New Zealand speedway driver
  • 1981 – Clive Standen, English actor
  • 1981 – Gökçek Vederson, Brazilian-born Turkish football player
  • 1983 – Arsenie Todiraş, Moldovan musician
  • 1984 - Stewart Downing, English football player
  • 1985 – Boukary Dramé, French-born Senegalese football player
  • 1985 – Natalya Davydova, Ukrainian weightlifter
  • 1987 – Burçin Abdullah, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1988 – Sercan Temizyürek, Turkish football player
  • 1989 – Tanju Kayhan, Austrian football player of Turkish origin
  • 1992 - Selena Gomez, American actress and singer
  • 2013 – George, heir to the British throne and member of House of Windsor

Weapon 

  • 1461 – VII. Charles, Ruler of the Kingdom of France and member of the House of Valois (b. 1403)
  • 1540 – János Zápolya, King of Hungary (b. 1487)
  • 1590 – Leone Leoni, Florentine sculptor (b. 1509)
  • 1619 – Lorenzo of Brindisi, Italian theologian and member of the Capuchin order, a branch of Franciscans (d. 1559)
  • 1676 – Clemens X, 239th Pope of the Catholic Church (b. 1590)
  • 1802 – Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (b. 1771)
  • 1813 – George Shaw, English zoologist and botanist (b. 1751)
  • 1814 – Michael Francis Egan, Irish-American Bishop (b. 1761)
  • 1826 – Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian priest, mathematician, and astronomer (b. 1746)
  • 1832 – II. Napoleon, Emperor of France (b. 1811)
  • 1845 – Heinrich von Bellegarde, Austrian marshal born in the Kingdom of Saxony (b. 1756)
  • 1908 – Randal Cremer, English politician, pacifist, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1932 – Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist writer (b. 1853)
  • 1934 – John Dillinger, American gangster (b. 1903)
  • 1938 – Ernest William Brown, English astronomer (b. 1866)
  • 1944 – Günther Korten, German soldier and Luftwaffe commander (b. 1898)
  • 1950 – William Lyon Mackenzie King, Canadian politician and 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
  • 1954 – Ayaz Ishaki, Tatar writer (b. 1878)
  • 1958 – Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian writer (b. 1894)
  • 1967 – Lajos Kassák, Hungarian poet, painter and novelist (b. 1887)
  • 1968 – Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist, cartoonist and humorist (Don Camillo character creator) (b. 1908)
  • 1973 – Walter Krüger, German soldier (in Nazi Germany and the Kingdom of Saxony) (b. 1892)
  • 1979 – Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian football player (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Kemal Türkler, Turkish socialist trade unionist and founder and first Chairman of DİSK (b. 1926)
  • 1987 – Fahrettin Kerim Gökay, Turkish bureaucrat and politician (Governor and Mayor of Istanbul) (b. 1900)
  • 1987 – Örsan Öymen, Turkish journalist (b. 1938)
  • 1990 – Manuel Puig, Argentine writer (b. 1932)
  • 1992 – Toto Karaca, Armenian-born Turkish opera, theater and cinema artist (b. 1912)
  • 1999 – Ajlan Büyükburç, Turkish musician (b. 1970)
  • 2000 – Claude Sautet, French film director (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
  • 2003 – Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
  • 2004 – Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian murder victim (killed by Police in London) (b. 1978)
  • 2006 – Pierre Rey, French writer (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – László Kovács, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (Others' Lives) (b. 1953)
  • 2008 – Estelle Getty, American actress and actress (b. 1923)
  • 2008 – Suna Pekuysal, Turkish cinema, theater and television actress (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Selçuk Hergül, Turkish football player (b. 1940)
  • 2011 – Linda Christian, American actress (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Bohdan Stupka, Ukrainian actor (b. 1941)
  • 2012 – George Armitage Miller, American psychologist (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Dennis Farina, American actor (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Sevda Şener, Turkish theater researcher and critic (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Leyla Sayar, Turkish theater and cinema actress (b. 1939)
  • 2017 – Kostyanthin Sıtnik, Ukrainian-Soviet scientist, politician and academic (b. 1926)
  • 2017 – Margo Chase, American graphic artist (b. 1958)
  • 2017 – Rappin' Granny, American hip hop musician and actor (b. 1933)
  • 2018 – Rene Portland, American women's basketball coach (b. 1953)
  • 2019 – Art Neville, American singer and songwriter (b. 1937)
  • 2019 – Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., American aerospace engineer (b. 1924)
  • 2019 – Li Peng, Chinese politician and 4th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of China (b. 1928)
  • 2020 – Charles Evers, American human rights activist and politician (b. 1922)
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