We consume a lot of food in our house every day and we actually throw away so much garbage. The natural fertilizer that comes out as a result of the accumulation of all kinds of organic wastes by providing suitable conditions is called compost. Waste from our tea, egg shells, parts of our vegetables and fruits that we do not use, or rotten vegetables and fruits, bread or even coffee residues, when they are brought together under suitable conditions, can turn into a highly functional and natural fertilizer.
How to Prepare Compost at Home?
If you haven't dealt with a lot of soil before and have recently become interested in sorting or recycling waste, preparing compost may sound like a daunting task, but it's pretty simple. Especially after your compost is formed, when you think about the benefit you will provide to nature and the fertile soil you will obtain, you can feel great happiness for dealing with this business.
When you make composting a habit in your life, you will have established a wonderful cyclical system in your home. The wastes from your kitchen, the broken branches and leaves in nature will come together and enable you to grow vegetables, fruits and flowers more efficiently, while you will also make a wonderful contribution to nature.
Determine your compost area
In order to operate this system well, we recommend that you choose the area where you will prepare compost in the most correct way. If your house has a garden, you can allocate an area in the garden for this process. When determining your field; We recommend that you choose a place that is easily accessible and gets a little sun, where you can move around comfortably. You can make sure that the area you choose is large, although you may increase the compost over time.
You can easily perform the compost process at home or on your balcony. There are ready-made compost bins that you can easily position at home or on the balcony. You can choose a ready-made compost bin for this process, or you can create your own compost bin with a large bucket or trash can. All you have to do is drill holes in the bucket and attach mosquito nets to the areas where the holes are in order to prevent flies from entering through these holes.
Place your compost materials
Green and brown materials are used when preparing compost. The main purpose of this is to obtain a mixture rich in nitrogen and carbon. Green materials provide nitrogen, brown materials provide carbon balance.
The trick here is to use the ingredients in the right proportion. About one-third of green material and two-thirds of brown material are ideal for creating good compost.
Green materials: Vegetable and fruit waste, fresh herbs, green leaves, tea waste, coffee residues, egg shells
Brown ingredients: Branches and bark, dry leaves, nut shells, sawdust, dry leaves, pine needles, straw and stems, newspaper, magazine waste, nails, hair, animal hair
Materials that should not be used: Meat, poultry, fish, bone, dairy products, waste frying oils, fabric, animal litter
When placing your materials, you can put the brown materials first and then the green materials. While preparing the compost, if you notice that the mixture is dry, you can use water, but we recommend that you pay attention to the fact that the water is low and does not make the mixture too watery. If you experience such a setback, do not panic and add a little more brown material to your mix. You can also take advantage of the green grasses you get from nature to speed up the decay process.
How to Care for Compost?
You should not forget that compost is a living structure made up of living organisms. For this reason, it is necessary to take care of it meticulously. Each time you add waste, you must mix it to start the fermentation process.
Like any breathing organism, compost also needs air, that is, oxygen. For this reason, you should make sure that the mixture gets air and that the holes are sufficient.
It is also of great importance that the compost be moist in order to be completed in the desired process. When you notice that it is drying, you can add green material or water it. In cases where it is very wet, it will be appropriate to add brown waste.
How to Know When Compost Has Been Used?
When you take the necessary steps regularly, you can observe that the wastes disappear and you get a nice soil within a few weeks. The most distinctive feature of an ideal compost is that it smells earthy and is brown. If your compost smells good and looks brown but you're not sure if it's you, you can plant a fast germinating seed in the mix. If the seed is germinating, your compost is ready to use. Thanks to this soil, you can grow much more productive and natural products.
You can use compost in your home and garden, or you can use compost for large-scale production. For example; For a successful and profitable mushroom production, suitable mushroom growing media and correctly prepared mushroom compost are preferred.