From Memorial Ankara Hospital Oral and Dental Health Department, Dr. Dt. Janset Şengül gave information about teeth whitening methods and effects. White teeth, one of the signs of cleanliness and health, increase self-confidence and are among the sine qua non of an aesthetic appearance. The drugs we use, especially the foods we consume in daily life, or structural reasons can lead to yellowing of the teeth. These yellowing can be removed with home, office, combined or single teeth whitening. Unconscious whitening made by natural or unnatural means can cause irreversible damage to the teeth.
Teeth color may differ from person to person.
Teeth whitening is the treatment of removing the colored substances formed in the porous enamel and dentin structure on the surface of the teeth with tooth whitening gels. Tooth color may differ from person to person. These internal and external sources of coloration; Physiological discolorations, discolorations after amalgam filling, discoloration due to antibiotic use during pregnancy and infancy, internal discoloration of the tooth due to root canal treatment, discoloration due to frequent use of products such as coffee, tea, cigarettes, and discoloration caused by the loss of vitality of the living tissue inside the tooth as a result of trauma. There are different reasons such as
There are different methods of teeth whitening.
Teeth whitening methods, which differ according to their technique and application areas, include home-type teeth whitening, office-type teeth whitening (clinical bleaching), combined teeth whitening and single tooth whitening. In the home-type teeth whitening method, known as home teeth whitening, personalized whitening plaques are prepared by first measuring inside the mouth. A certain amount of teeth whitening gel is put into these plates and the application is made. These people should use the plate for at least 4-6 hours during the day, for an average of 1-15 days, or for 8-10 hours during the night's sleep. The point to be considered in home teeth whitening is not to apply the gel more than described. Otherwise, the gel overflowing from the plaque irritates the gums. In such a case, the gums should be washed immediately and the dentist should be contacted.
The application time of the laser teeth whitening method is shorter
The "Laser teeth whitening method", also known as office-type teeth whitening, performed in a clinical setting, is performed by a specialist physician. This process, which is performed by activating the whitening gel applied on the teeth by the dentist with the help of UV light or laser, takes about an hour on average.
Two methods are used together in combined teeth whitening.
In the combined teeth whitening method, which is home and office whitening, the two methods are applied together. After the procedure in the clinic, the whitening process is supported by home application for 2-3 days. In the single-tooth whitening (internal whitening) method applied to teeth that change color after root canal treatment, the filling in the tooth is removed, a whitening gel is applied to the opened space, and the tooth is closed with a temporary filling. The sessions are repeated every 3 days until the desired color is reached.
Smoking, tea and coffee consumption increase tooth discoloration.
The teeth whitening method suitable for each individual's condition differs. Under normal conditions, in cases where the tooth color is not very dark and a few shades lighter is desired, only laser type or home type whitening is sufficient; The application of the combined teeth whitening method to lighten the color of the teeth with excessive discoloration due to cigarette, coffee or tea provides more effective results.
There is no harm in whitening performed under the control of the dentist.
It is among the topics that are wondered whether teeth whitening is harmful or not in the society. Whitening performed under the control of a dentist does not harm the teeth. However, whitening methods can cause sensitivity to the air, very hot or cold foods and beverages, albeit slightly. This sensitivity in the teeth is usually expected to pass within a day or two. This is normal and expected.
The permanence of the procedure varies depending on the consumption habits of the person.
The whitening process differs from person to person. While it takes about two weeks for the process to reach the result, it is more difficult to remove the discoloration due to the use of antibiotics and requires a long time. The permanence of bleaching depends on the patient's use of colored liquids such as tea, coffee, cola, wine and smoking. If the whitening process is repeated every 6 months, teeth whitening becomes permanent.
The methods recommended under the name of "natural" damage your teeth
Today, many products are promoted and sold under the name of "Natural" teeth whitening method on the internet and social media channels. Different bleaching applications such as turmeric, coconut, strawberry, aluminum foil, lemon and walnut shell are tried and recommended. However, it should not be forgotten that such substances do not have any use in whitening the teeth and will cause irreversible damage and sensitivities on the teeth and should never be used.