Today in History: Yörük Ali Efe Destroyed the Greek Detachment

Yoruk Ali Efe
Yoruk Ali Efe

June 16 is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 198 days remaining until the end of the year.

Olaylar 

  • 1815 – Napoleon's final victory, the Battle of Ligny, took place two days before the famous Battle of Waterloo.
  • 1869-Davut Pasha made some arrangements with Hirsch on the contract.
  • 1903 - Ford Motor Company was founded.
  • 1903 - Pepsi Cola Company registered its brand and emblem.
  • 1919 – Merzifon revolt.
  • 1919 – Yörük Ali Efe destroyed the Greek detachment.
  • 1920 - The Band-Aid was invented by Earle Dickson.
  • 1924 – in Trabzon “New WayThe start of the daily newspaper ”.
  • 1932 – Government ban on Nazi paramilitary organizations SA and SS is lifted in Germany.
  • 1934 – The visit of Iranian Shah Reza Pahlavi to Turkey began.
  • 1938 – General Directorate of Physical Education was established. Sports are now under state control.
  • 1940 - Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of France after the German occupation.
  • 1940 – Communist rule is established in Lithuania.
  • 1949 – The State Theater and Opera Establishment Law came into effect and Muhsin Ertuğrul was appointed as the General Manager.
  • 1950 – The Turkish Grand National Assembly passed the law on the Arabic reading of the Turkish-language call to prayer.
  • 1952 – Ottoman dynasty women were allowed to return to Turkey.
  • 1960 – Former Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, who was imprisoned in Yassıada, had a nervous breakdown and was taken to the infirmary.
  • 1961 – Work started for the first Turkish Automobile Project “Devrim Automobile”.
  • 1961 - Russian ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West.
  • 1963 – Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, launched into Earth orbit aboard Vostok 6, becomes the first woman to travel into space.
  • 1964 – American black rights leader Martin Luther King wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • 1967 – Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi came to Turkey.
  • 1968 – Sırrı Acar became the champion in the European Greco-Roman Wrestling Championship.
  • 1970 – On 15 June, the workers marched from Gebze to Izmit towards Istanbul. These events, called the workers' resistance on 15-16 June, with the participation of the workers in the places passed during the march, ended with the death of 5 people and the declaration of martial law in Istanbul and Kocaeli.
  • 1973 – Prepared in partnership with TRT – MEB, University Entrance Exam Preparation Courses started broadcasting on television.
  • 1976 – South African Police opened fire on students protesting Afrikaans education in the town of Soweto, where black people live, killing 600 students.
  • 1983 - Yuri Andropov became Prime Minister of the USSR.
  • 1987 – Iranian Prime Minister Mir Hussein Mousavi, who visited Turkey, did not visit Anıtkabir. Erdal İnönü laid a black wreath in front of the Prime Ministry.
  • 1988 – Mehmet Ali Birand's “Here is PKK, here is ApoBecause of his interview titled ”, Milliyet newspaper was collected.
  • 1991 – Prime Minister Yıldırım Akbulut gave his resignation to President Turgut Özal.
  • 1994 – The historical Quran stolen from the Amasya Library was found in the garden of Ayşegül Tecimer's mansion.
  • 1994 – The Constitutional Court decided to close the Democracy Party (DEP) and terminate the membership of 5 Members of Parliament, 13 of whom were in prison.
  • 2000 – The 9th President Süleyman Demirel was awarded the “State Medal of Honor”.
  • 2002 – A Russian river type ship named “Modisk” and a passenger boat named “Aqua-2” collided in the Bosphorus. The bodies of 4 of the 2 passengers lost in the sinking boat were found.
  • 2007 - Indian-American astronaut Sunita Williams became the title of longest female astronaut in space.
  • 2013 – During the Gezi Park protests, Berkin Elvan was shot with a gas canister. Berkin, who was in a coma for months, died on March 11, 2014.
  • 2015 – Michael Clifford, guitarist in 5 Seconds of Summer, burned his hair and was slightly injured by visual flares during the concert in London.

births 

  • 1313 – Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian writer and poet (d. 1375)
  • 1613 – John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)
  • 1723 – Adam Smith, Scottish philosopher and economist (d. 1790)
  • 1793 Diego Portales, Chilean politician (d. 1837)
  • 1813 – Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • 1829 – Geronimo, Apache chief (d. 1909)
  • 1858 – John Peter Russell, Australian painter (d. 1930)
  • 1858 – Gustav V, King of Sweden (d. 1950)
  • 1888 – Alexander Friedman, Russian physical cosmologist and mathematician (d. 1925)
  • 1890 – Stan Laurel, American comedian actor (of Laurel and Hardy) (d. 1965)
  • 1920 – John Howard Griffin, American photographer (d. 1980)
  • 1926 – Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan soldier and politician (d. 2018)
  • 1928 – Annie Cordy, Belgian actress and singer (d. 2020)
  • 1928 – Ernst Stankovski, Austrian actor
  • 1930 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Oscar-winning Hungarian-American cinematographer (d. 2016)
  • 1938 – Joyce Carol Oates, American writer
  • 1942 – Walter Schwimmer, Austrian politician and diplomat
  • 1943 – Raymond Ramazani Baya, Democratic Congolese politician and former minister (d. 2019)
  • 1946 – Esen Püsküllü, Turkish film actress
  • 1949 – Fatma Belgen, Turkish cinema and TV series actress
  • 1952 – Yıldırım Öcek, Turkish theater and television actor (d. 2018)
  • 1952 – George Papandreou, Greek politician
  • 1952 – Alexander Zaitsev, Olympic, World and European champion Soviet figure skater
  • 1954 – Jeffrey Ashby, retired American sailor and astronaut
  • 1955 – Laurie Metcalf, American actress and voice actor
  • 1955 – Giuliana Salce, Italian hiker
  • 1956 – II. Mesrob Mutafyan, Armenian cleric and 84th patriarch of the Armenians of Turkey (d. 2019)
  • 1959 – Abraham Løkin Hansen, Faroese football player and manager
  • 1961 – Can Dündar, Turkish investigative journalist and writer
  • 1962 – Arnold Vosloo, South African actor
  • 1963 – Sandman, American professional wrestler
  • 1964 – Martin Feifel, German actor
  • 1966 – Jan Železný, Czech javelin thrower
  • 1967 – Jürgen Klopp, German former football player and football coach
  • 1969 – Bénabar, French singer-songwriter, composer
  • 1970 - Phil Mickelson, American golfer
  • 1971 – Tupac Shakur, American rap artist, poet, and screenwriter (d. 1996)
  • 1972 – John Cho, Korean-born American actor and musician
  • 1972 – Andy Weir, American novelist and software developer
  • 1973 – Balçiçek İlter, Turkish TV presenter and journalist
  • 1973 – Federica Mogherini, Italian centre-left politician
  • 1978 – Daniel Brühl is a German actor.
  • 1978 – Lyndsey Marshal, English actress
  • 1980 – Nehir Erdogan, Turkish actress
  • 1980 – Sibel Kekilli, Turkish-German actress
  • 1982 – Christoph Letkowski, German actor, musician and singer
  • 1982 - Missy Peregrym is a Canadian actress and former model.
  • 1982 – Rəşad Fərhad Sadıqov, Azerbaijani football player
  • 1983 – Naz Elmas, Turkish cinema, television and theater actress
  • 1986 – Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan football player
  • 1987 – Aya Sameshima, Japanese national football player
  • 1988 – Tarık Langat Akdağ, Kenyan-born Turkish long-distance runner
  • 1993 – Alex Len is a Ukrainian professional basketball player.
  • 1997 – Jean-Kévin Augustin, French football player

Weapon 

  • 1201 – Ibn al-Jawzi, Arab scholar of religion, history and medicine (b. 1116)
  • 1265 - Nine Hatuns was a Kerait princess
  • 1752 – Joseph Butler, English philosopher (b. 1692)
  • 1909 – Süleyman Selim Efendi, son of Sultan Abdülmecid (b. 1861)
  • 1929 – Oldfield Thomas, British zoologist (b. 1858)
  • 1940 – Joseph Meister, first person to receive rabies vaccine by Louis Pasteur (b. 1876)
  • 1944 – Marc Bloch, French historian (b. 1886)
  • 1947 – Bronisław Huberman is a Polish violinist born in Cestohova (b. 1882)
  • 1953 – Margaret Bondfield, British politician (b. 1873)
  • 1958 – Imre Nagy, Hungarian politician (b. 1896)
  • 1962 – Alexei Antonov, general of the Soviet Army (b. 1896)
  • 1963 – Richard Kohn, Austrian football player and manager (b. 1888)
  • 1966 – Şakir Zümre, Turkish lawyer and the first industrialist of the Republican era (b. 1885)
  • 1977 – Wernher von Braun, German scientist (b. 1912)
  • 1979 – Ayhan Işık, Turkish film actor (b. 1929)
  • 1979 – Ayşe Sıdıka Avar, Turkish teacher (b. 1901)
  • 1979 – Nicholas Ray, American film director (b. 1911)
  • 1994 – Kristen Pfaff, American bassist (b. 1967)
  • 2006 – Cüneyd Orhon, Turkish kemençe artist (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Nayef bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, Saudi prince (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Susan Tyrrell, American actress, painter, and author (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Josip Kuže, Croatian-born Yugoslav football player and manager (b. 1952)
  • 2013 – Ottmar Walter, German football player (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Ayşe Şasa, Turkish screenwriter and writer (b. 1941)
  • 2016 – Jo Cox, UK Labor MP (b. 1974)
  • 2017 – John G. Avildsen, American film director (b.1935)
  • 2017 – Christian Cabrol, French heart surgeon (b. 1925)
  • 2017 – Stephen Furst, American actor and television film director (b. 1955)
  • 2017 – Curt Hanson, American politician (b. 1943)
  • 2017 – Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1930)
  • 2018 – Martin Bregman, American filmmaker (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Frederick Andermann, Canadian physician and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2019 – Erzsébet Gulyás-Köteles, Hungarian gymnast (b. 1924)
  • 2020 – John Benfield, English actor (b. 1951)
  • 2020 – Haribhau Jawale, Indian politician (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Paulinho Paiakan, Brazilian politician (b. 1953)
  • 2020 – Patrick Poivey, French actor and dubbing artist (b. 1948)
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