Technology continues to change and develop day by day. Phones that we keep with us, computers that allow us to do all our work… What is neck hernia? What causes neck hernia? What are the symptoms of neck hernia? Neck hernia Diagnosis and treatment method
Technology continues to change and develop day by day. The phones we keep with us, the computers that allow us to do all our work… Although they have numerous benefits, they also bring up health-threatening problems. Especially if you spend hours with them like desk workers. Eurasia Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Şenay Şıldır gives important information on the subject.
What is neck hernia and why does it occur?
The spine allows our body to move and stand upright. It consists of 33 bones called vertebrae, through which the spinal cord passes. The disc, which is made up of strong connective tissue, contains cartilage tissue that will reduce the pressure on the vertebrae.
Trauma, strain, accidents, or loss of the central water content of the disc as it ages makes the disc unable to cushion as well as before. In this case, neck hernia occurs. The center of the disc comes out of a tear in the outer layer and protrudes into the space where the nerves and spinal cord are located, and neck hernia occurs.
Generally, neck hernias are seen in people between the ages of 20-40 who use their body a lot. And also;
- heavy lifting,
- Doing the pushing movement too often,
- Don't make a reverse move.
- Working at a desk for a long time
- Sitting in front of the computer for long hours
- Using the mobile phone for a long time
- traffic accident,
- In case of neck hernia in the mother/father, tears in the connective tissue can be seen.
If you are showing these symptoms…
The main symptom of neck hernia is neck pain. Pain due to hernia usually hits the back, shoulder blades, back of the head and fingertips. At the same time, numbness and loss of strength can be observed in these areas.
The most common symptoms of neck hernia;
- Decreased dexterity,
- sensory loss,
- Loss of strength in arm and hand muscles,
- Pain in the back, shoulders and arms,
- weakened reflexes,
- Tingling in arms and fingers
- thinning of the arm,
- muscle spasm,
- difficulty walking,
- Severe urinary and stool incontinence and difficulty in walking may be seen.
Diagnosis and treatment method
Your doctor can use X-ray, MRI and Computed Tomography (CT) method for definitive diagnosis. X-rays can show bony prominences and narrowing of the disc spaces that occur as the spine wears and deteriorates, but not herniation of the disc or nerves emerging from the spinal cord. At this point, the most reliable information is obtained with MRI. In addition to all these, electrodiagnostic test studies can be performed to search for signs of nerve damage that may occur as a result of a herniated disc.
The first step in treatment is to educate the patient. Correct posture and sitting position are taught to the patient. It is necessary to avoid carrying heavy loads. Patients benefit greatly from local heat therapy during treatment. Painkillers and muscle relaxants are used as drug therapy. Physical therapy is applied in sessions. If the patient's hernia does not respond to treatment, surgical methods are applied at this point.