Today in History: Prime Minister Turgut Özal was injured in the Armed Attack of Kartal Demirağ

Prime Minister Turgut Özal was wounded in the hand in the armed attack of Kartal Demiragin.
Prime Minister Turgut Özal was wounded in the hand in the armed attack of Kartal Demiragin.

June 18 is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 196 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 18 June 1856 The Chesney Project, which will reach Mesapotamia starting from Iskenderun Bay of England and from where the Tigris and Euphrates meet, has come to the agenda. Euphrates Valley Railway Company was established in London.
  • 18 June 1876 In İzmir, per capita income increased 1855 times between 1876 and 3

Olaylar 

  • 1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated by the British and Prussian armies at the Battle of Waterloo. The defeat put an end to the 23-year war between France and the European states. Napoleon abdicated for the second time on 22 June.
  • 1847 – Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt gave a concert to Sultan Abdülmecit in the palace.
  • 1873 - Women's rights activist Susan B. Anthony is fined $1872 for attempting to vote in the 100 US Presidential election.
  • 1881 - The Three Emperors League was renewed, this time in writing.
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk issued a circular on the unification of the Anatolian and Rumelian National Organization.
  • 1922 – Ziya Gokalp in Diyarbakir “Small Magazine“He started taking it out.
  • 1927 – The Law on Civil Procedure was passed.
  • 1928 - Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean in an airplane.
  • 1939 – Bursa and Mersin electricity facilities were nationalized.
  • 1941 – The Turkish-German Non-Aggression Treaty was signed.
  • 1948 – The International Declaration of Human Rights was prepared by the UN Human Rights Commission. It was adopted by voting at the General Assembly meeting held in Paris on 10 December 1948.
  • 1953 – With the end of 74 years of British rule in Egypt, the Republic is proclaimed.
  • 1979 - Soviet Union President Leonid Brezhnev and United States President Jimmy Carter sign the SALT II agreement on strategic arms limitation in Vienna.
  • 1988 – Prime Minister Turgut Özal was wounded in the hand in the armed attack of Kartal Demirağ at the ANAP Grand Congress held in Ankara Atatürk Sports Hall.
  • 1992 – Croatian Defense Council Troops (HVO) begin to occupy Mostar.
  • 1992 – The “Green Card” application, which will be given to low-income people who will benefit from health services free of charge, was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
  • 1993 – President of Azerbaijan Ebulfez Elchibey left Baku. Heydar Aliyev became the President of Azerbaijan.
  • 1994 – The World Football Championship was held in America. On June 18, Brazil and Italy met for the final. The champion was determined by penalties; The trophy went to Brazil.
  • 1995 – Chechen leader Shamil Basayev raided the city hospital of Budyonnovsk; He took over 1000 Russians hostage. Thus, Russia accepted their demands to stop the war and start negotiations.
  • 1997 – Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan submitted the resignation of the RP-DYP coalition Government, also known as REFAHYOL, to President Süleyman Demirel.

births 

  • 1332 – John V, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1391)
  • 1517 – Ōgimachi, 106th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (d. 1593)
  • 1812 – Ivan Goncharov, Russian journalist and author (d. 1891)
  • 1818 – Angelo Secchi, Italian astronomer (d. 1878)
  • 1840 – Frances Ann Stewart, Australian-born activist (d.1916)
  • 1882 – Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgarian politician (d. 1949)
  • 1884 – Édouard Daladier, French politician (d. 1970)
  • 1886 George Mallory, English mountaineer (d. 1924)
  • 1918 – Franco Modigliani, Italian-American economist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1918 – Jerome Karle, American chemist (d. 2013)
  • 1929 – Jürgen Habermas, German philosopher, sociologist, and political scientist
  • 1931 – Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazilian sociologist and politician
  • 1932 - Dudley Herschbach, American chemist
  • 1933 – Nusret Pezeşkiyan, Iranian neurologist, psychiatrist and psychotherapist (d. 2010)
  • 1936 – Ronald Venetiaan, Surinamese teacher and politician
  • 1937 - Vitali Jolobov, Soviet cosmonaut
  • 1940 – Mirjam Pressler, German novelist and translator (d. 2019)
  • 1941 – Tekin Aral, Turkish cartoonist (d. 1999)
  • 1941 – Roger Lemerre, French former football player and manager
  • 1942 – Roger Ebert, American film critic and screenwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1942 – Paul McCartney, English singer and member of The Beatles
  • 1942 – Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki, former President of the Republic of South Africa
  • 1944 – Salvador Sánchez Cerén, El Salvadorian Politician
  • 1944 – Ömer Kavur, Turkish film director, producer and screenwriter (d. 2005)
  • 1946 – Fabio Capello, Italian former football player, manager
  • 1947 – Hanns Zischler, German actor
  • 1948 – İlhan Şeşen, Turkish musician and actor
  • 1949 – Peggy Lukac, US-born German actress
  • 1949 – Jarosław Kaczyński, Polish politician and Prime Minister
  • 1949 – Lech Kaczyński, Polish politician and President (d. 2010)
  • 1952 Isabella Rossellini, Italian actress
  • 1958 – Mazlum Çimen, Turkish composer, violinist, ballet dancer and actor
  • 1964 – Hüseyin Köroğlu, Turkish theater, cinema and TV series actor
  • 1964 – Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (d. 2003)
  • 1972 – Anu Tali is an Estonian conductor
  • 1974 – Kenan İmirzalıoğlu, Turkish actor
  • 1974 – Vincenzo Montella, Italian former international football player, manager
  • 1976 - Alana de la Garza is an American actress.
  • 1976 – Bilgehan Demir, Turkish sports announcer, journalist and producer
  • 1976 – Maxim Galkin, Russian theater, cinema, TV series actor and presenter
  • 1976 – Blake Shelton, American country music musician, singer, and songwriter
  • 1977 – Kaja Kallas, Estonian Politician
  • 1978 – Sarah Adler, French actress
  • 1981 – Marco Streller, Swiss former football player
  • 1982 - Nadir Belhadj is an Algerian football player.
  • 1982 – Marco Borriello, Italian football player
  • 1985 – Matías Abeliiras, Argentine football player
  • 1986 – Richard Gasquet, French tennis player
  • 1986 – Richard Madden, Scottish actor
  • 1986 – Meaghan Rath, Canadian film and television series actress
  • 1987 – Omar Arellano, Mexican football player
  • 1987 – Ezgi Asaroğlu, Turkish actress
  • 1988 - Islam Slimani, Algerian national football player
  • 1989 – Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is a French-born Gabonese national football player.
  • 1991 - Willa Holland, American actress and model
  • 1997 – Amine Harit, French-born Moroccan national football player

Weapon 

  • 741 – III. Leon, Byzantine Emperor (b. 685)
  • 1164 – Elisabet of Schönau, German Benedictine nun and visionary (b. 1129)
  • 1234 – Chūkyō, 85th emperor of Japan in traditional succession (b. 1218)
  • 1464 – Rogier van der Weyden, Flemish painter (b. 1399)
  • 1864 – Giovanni Battista Bugatti, executioner and executioner of the Papal States (b. 1779)
  • 1902 – Samuel Butler, English writer (b. 1835)
  • 1917 – Titu Maiorescu, Romanian academic, lawyer, literary critic, aesthetician, philosopher, children's educator, politician, and writer (b. 1840)
  • 1922 – Jacobus Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1928 – Roald Amundsen, Norwegian explorer (b. 1872)
  • 1936 – Maxim Gorky, Soviet-Russian writer (b. 1868)
  • 1937 – Gaston Doumergue, French statesman (b. 1863)
  • 1957 – Necip Akar, Turkish pharmacist and industrialist (producer of Gripin) (b. 1904)
  • 1959 – Ethel Barrymore, American film and stage actress (b. 1879)
  • 1959 – Nijat Sirel, Turkish sculptor (b. 1898)
  • 1964 – Giorgio Morandi, Italian painter (b. 1890)
  • 1968 – Nikolaus von Falkenhorst, Heer general during Nazi Germany (b. 1885)
  • 1971 – Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Roger Delgado, English actor (b. 1918)
  • 1974 – Georgi Zhukov, Soviet marshal (b. 1896)
  • 1975 – Hugo Bergmann, Israeli philosopher (b. 1883)
  • 1980 – Terence Fisher, English film director (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (b. 1896)
  • 1982 – Curd Jürgens, German actor (b. 1915)
  • 1982 – Djuna Barnes, American modernist writer (b. 1892)
  • 1982 – John Cheever, American author (b. 1912)
  • 1983 – Muna Mahmudnizad, Iranian Baha'i hanged in Iran (b. 1965)
  • 1997 – Héctor Yazalde, Argentinean former international football player (b. 1946)
  • 1999 – Ali Tantavi, Syrian scientist (b. 1909)
  • 2005 – Nuri İyem, Turkish painter (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Vincent Sherman, American film director (b. 1906)
  • 2007 – Vilma Espín, Cuban revolutionary, feminist and chemical engineer (b. 1930)
  • 2008 – Jean Delannoy, was a French screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1908)
  • 2010 – Michael Verdi, American professional wrestler (b. 1980)
  • 2010 – José Saramago, Portuguese writer and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2010 – Okan Demiriş, Turkish composer and conductor (b. 1942)
  • 2010 – Mubariz Ibrahimov, soldier of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces, national hero of Azerbaijan (b. 1988)
  • 2011 – Clarence Clemons, American musician and actor (b. 1942)
  • 2013 – Michael Hastings, American journalist and author (b. 1980)
  • 2014 – Stephanie Kwolek, an American chemist (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Paul Cox was a Dutch-Australian screenwriter and filmmaker (b. 1940)
  • 2016 – Sverre Kjelsberg, Norwegian singer, guitarist, bassist, composer, and songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2017 – Hans Breder, German-American artist (b. 1935)
  • 2017 – Pierluigi Chicca, Italian fencer (b. 1937)
  • 2018 – Leon Allen White (known as Big Van Vader) is an American professional wrestler and former American Football player (b. 1955)
  • 2018 – XXXTentacion, Jamaican-American singer-songwriter (b. 1998)
  • 2020 – Mikhail Ignatyev, Chuvash politician who served as President of the Chuvash Republic from 2010 to 2020 (b. 1962)
  • 2020 – Dame Vera Lynn, English singer and actress (b. 1917)
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