Today in History: 346 People Died in the Earthquake in Adapazarı

There was a person in the earthquake that occurred in adapazari
There was a person in the earthquake that occurred in adapazari

June 20 is the 171th day of the year (172th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 194 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • 20 June 2003 The route of the Erzurum Express, which operates on the Ankara-Erzurum line, has been extended to Kars.

Olaylar 

  • 404 – Hagia Sophia was burned during the riots.
  • 1481 – II. Cem Sultan lost the throne war between Bayezid and Cem Sultan in Yenişehir Plain.
  • 1837 - Queen Victoria ascended the throne of the United Kingdom at the age of 18. He will be the longest reigning British Sovereign, with more than 63 years on the throne.
  • 1877 – Alexander Graham Bell launches the world's first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1840 - Samuel Morse patented the telegraph.
  • 1884 – Civil Engineering School was established.
  • 1920 – Circassian Ethem forces set out from Ankara to suppress the Yozgat Uprising.
  • 1926 – Arrests continue regarding the attempted assassination of Kemal Atatürk in İzmir; Ali Fuat Cebesoy, a former Progressive Republican Party leader, was arrested, and Kazım Karabekir was arrested on 22 June.
  • 1938 – 19 May was accepted as a National Holiday with the law no 3466. Youth AnthemIt was accepted as the Youth and Sports Day Anthem.
  • 1943 – 5,6 people died in an earthquake with a magnitude of 346 in Adapazarı.
  • 1946 – The Socialist Working Peasant Party of Turkey was founded under the leadership of Şefik Hüsnü.
  • 1960 - Mali and Senegal declared their independence.
  • 1961 – Turkey started to export its workforce. Those who wanted to go to Germany gathered in front of the Turkish Employment Agency.
  • 1961 – Camlica, Turkey's first mint (menthol) cigarette, was launched.
  • 1965 – Algerian leader Ahmed Ben Bella was removed from power in a military coup. The military coup was led by Colonel Huari Boumedien.
  • 1987 – Pınarcık massacre: PKK militants killed 16 people, 30 of whom were children, in Pınarcık village in Mardin's Ömerli district.
  • 1990 – A major flood disaster occurred in Akcaabat. 39 people died, 4 disappeared.
  • 1990 – The first Martian trojan asteroid, 5261 Eureka, is discovered.
  • 1991 – The German Parliament decided to move the country's capital from Bonn back to Berlin.
  • 2001 - Pervez Musharraf becomes President of Pakistan.

births 

  • 1723 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish Enlightenment philosopher and historian (d. 1816)
  • 1743 – Anna Laetitia Barbauld, English writer (d. 1825)
  • 1756 – Joseph Martin Kraus, German-Swedish composer (d. 1792)
  • 1819 – Jacques Offenbach, German-born French musician and composer (d. 1880)
  • 1887 – Kurt Schwitters, German painter and sculptor (d. 1948)
  • 1899 – Jean Moulin, French statesman and leader of the French Resistance (d. 1943)
  • 1905 Lillian Hellman, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1909 – Errol Flynn, Australian-American actor (d. 1959)
  • 1914 – Muazzez İlmiye Çığ, Turkish sumerologist
  • 1915 – Terence Young, English film director (d. 1994)
  • 1916 – Hamiyet Yüceses, Turkish singer (d. 1996)
  • 1922 – Cevat Kurtuluş, Turkish film actor (d. 1992)
  • 1924 – Audie Murphy, American actor (d. 1971)
  • 1928 – Martin Landau, American actor (d. 2017)
  • 1928 – William Berger, Austrian film actor (d. 1993)
  • 1928 – Jean-Marie Le Pen, French far-right politician
  • 1931 – Olympia Dukakis, Greek-American actress (d. 2021)
  • 1932 – Altan Öymen, Turkish journalist, politician and former Republican People's Party Chairman
  • 1934 – Anne Sylvestre, French singer-songwriter (d. 2020)
  • 1940 – Eugen Drewermann, German theologian, church critic, peace activist, and former Catholic priest
  • 1940 – John Mahoney, British-born American actor (d. 2018)
  • 1941 – Stephen Frears, British film director
  • 1942 – Humayun Behzadi, Iranian football player (d. 2016)
  • 1942 – Mustafa Yücel Özbilgin, Turkish lawyer (d. 2006)
  • 1942 – Brian Wilson, American songwriter, musician, vocalist, record producer, composer, and arranger
  • 1946 – Xanana Gusmão, East Timor politician
  • 1946 – Zülfü Livaneli, Turkish musician, writer, director and politician
  • 1949 – Lionel Richie, American soul and R&B singer
  • 1950 - Gudrun Landgrebe, German actress
  • 1950 – Hüsamettin Özkan, Turkish politician
  • 1950 – Nuri Gökaşan, Turkish theater and film actor
  • 1951 – Tress MacNeille, American actress and voice actor
  • 1951 – João Semedo, Portuguese politician and physicist (d. 2018)
  • 1952 – John Goodman, American actor and Emmy Award winner
  • 1953 – Ulrich Mühe, German actor (d. 2007)
  • 1954 – Ilan Ramon, fighter pilot of the Israeli Air Force, the first astronaut sent into space by the State of Israel (d. 2003)
  • 1961 – Erdal Keser, Turkish football player
  • 1961 – Yalçın Çakır, Turkish journalist, writer and photographer
  • 1966 – Fatma Şahin, Turkish politician
  • 1967 – Nicole Kidman, American actress
  • 1968 – Tonya Kinzinger, American actress and model
  • 1968 – Robert Rodriguez, American writer, producer, musician, and film director
  • 1969 – Paulo Bento, Portuguese football player and manager
  • 1970 – Andrea Nahles, German politician
  • 1971 – Jeordie White, American bass guitarist
  • 1975 – Uğur Taner, Turkish swimmer
  • 1976 – Juliano Belletti, Brazilian former international football player
  • 1978 - Quinton Jackson, American professional wrestler
  • 1978 Frank Lampard, English football player
  • 1981 – Angerfist is a Dutch DJ
  • 1981 – Brede Hangeland was a Norwegian national football player of US origin.
  • 1982 – Alexei Berezutskiy, Russian former football player
  • 1982 - Vasily Berezutskiy, Russian former international football player
  • 1982 – Example is an English rapper and songwriter.
  • 1985 – Darko Miličić, Serbian basketball player
  • 1986 – Luca Cigarini, Italian football player
  • 1987 – Asmir Begović, Bosnian national football player
  • 1987 – Itumeleng Isaac Khune, South African national football player
  • 1989 – Javier Pastore, Argentine national football player
  • 1990 – Eda Ece, Turkish actress
  • 1990 – Fab Melo, Brazilian former basketball player (d. 2017)
  • 1991 – Rasmus Lauge Schmidt is a Danish handball player.
  • 1993 – İrem Karamete, Turkish fencer
  • 1993 – Sead Kolašinac is a Bosnian-Herzegovinian German football player.

Weapon 

  • 840 – Ludwig I, king of the Franks with his father Charlemagne since 813 (b. 778)
  • 1277 – Karamanoğlu Mehmed Bey, the founder and first Ruler of the Karamanoğulları Principality (b. ?)
  • 1597 – Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator and explorer (b. 1550)
  • 1605 – II. Fyodor is Tsar of Russia (b. 1589)
  • 1813 – Joseph Chinard, French sculptor (b. 1756)
  • 1820 – Manuel Belgrano, Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, journalist, and military leader (b. 1770)
  • 1836 – Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès, French Catholic clergyman, political essayist, and diplomat (b. 1748)
  • 1837 – IV. William, king of the United Kingdom and Hanover from 1830-1837 and uncle of Queen Victoria (b. 1765)
  • 1875 – Peter von Uslar, Russian general, engineer, and linguist (b. 1816)
  • 1856 – Florestan I, 27th prince of Monaco and duke of Valentinois (b. 1785)
  • 1883 – Gustave Aimard, French writer (b. 1818)
  • 1888 – Johannes Zukertort, Polish-German-English chess player (b. 1842)
  • 1897 – Japetus Steenstrup, Danish scientist, zoologist (b. 1813)
  • 1898 – Manuel Tamayo y Baus, Spanish dramatist (b. 1829)
  • 1912 – Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (b. 1866)
  • 1933 – Clara Zetkin, German revolutionary socialist politician and women's rights activist (b. 1857)
  • 1938 – Amelia Earhart, American aviator and author (disappeared July 2, 1937, declared dead June 20, 1938) (b. 1897)
  • 1940 – Jehan Alain, French composer and organist (b. 1911)
  • 1944 – Süleyman Necati Güneri, Turkish journalist and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1947 – Bugsy Siegel, American mob leader (b. 1906)
  • 1958 – Kurt Alder, German chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1959 – Hitoshi Ashida, Japanese politician who served as the 1948th prime minister of Japan in 47 (b. 1887)
  • 1963 – Hans Turistg, American billionaire businessman, investor, civic leader, and philanthropist (b. 1901)
  • 1966 – George Lemaître, Belgian scientist and priest (b. 1894)
  • 1972 – Şeref Akdik, Turkish painter and calligrapher (b. 1899)
  • 1978 – Mark Robson, Canadian film director and producer (b. 1913)
  • 1984 – Erdoğan Özen, Turkish diplomat and Working Attache of the Turkish Embassy in Vienna (as a result of the assassination organized by the organization called “Armenian Revolutionary Army”) (b. 1934)
  • 1987 – Niyazi Ağırnaslı, Turkish politician and former Senator of the Workers' Party of Turkey (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – Hasan İzzettin Dinamo, Turkish poet and writer (b. 1909)
  • 1993 – György Sárosi, former Hungarian national football player (b. 1912)
  • 1995 – Emil Cioran, Romanian philosopher and essayist (b. 1911)
  • 1997 – John Akii-Bua, Ugandan hurdler (b. 1949)
  • 1997 – Cahit Külebi, Turkish poet (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Erwin Chargaff, German biochemist (b. 1905)
  • 2002 – Behlül Dal, Turkish director and originator of the Golden Orange Film Festival (b. 1922)
  • 2004 – Engin İnal, Turkish theater, cinema, TV series artist, translator and writer (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Jack Kilby, American engineer and inventor (b. 1923)
  • 2010 – Abdulmalik Rigi, Baluch militant, former leader of the Sunni Islamist Jundullah organization (b. 1983)
  • 2010 – Roberto Rosato, Italian football player (b. 1943)
  • 2011 – Ryan Dunn, American stunt performer, actor, and comedian (b. 1977)
  • 2011 – Safa Giray is a Turkish politician descended from the Giray Dynasty (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Murat Sökmenoğlu, Turkish politician (b. 1945)
  • 2015 – Miriam Schapiro is a Canadian-born artist (b. 1923)
  • 2016 – Edgard Pisani, French politician (b. 1918)
  • 2017 – Ayşe Aral, Turkish journalist, columnist and TV presenter (b. 1971)
  • 2017 – Sergey Milnikov, Soviet-Russian ice hockey player (b. 1958)
  • 2017 – Prodigy, American rapper (b. 1974)
  • 2017 – Fredrik Skagen, Norwegian writer (b. 1936)
  • 2018 – Ken Albiston, Australian football player (b. 1926)
  • 2019 – Wibke Bruhns, German journalist, television presenter and author (b. 1938)
  • 2020 – Pedro Lima, Angolan-Portuguese television presenter, swimmer and actor (b. 1971)
  • 2020 – Kamal Lohani, Bangladeshi journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2020 – Mufti Muhammad Naeem, Pakistani cleric (b. 1958)
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