Medicana Sivas Hospital Infectious Diseases Specialist Dr. Muharrem Güler explained the precautions to be taken regarding tick bite. Uz, who stated that Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is caused by microbes called viruses. Dr. “The disease is usually transmitted to humans as a result of ticks sucking blood or by collecting and crushing ticks with bare hands. The disease can progress without symptoms in animals. Therefore, even if your animal looks healthy, it can infect diseases. The disease can be transmitted by contact with the blood, body fluids or other tissues of animals that carry the virus in their body. The disease can also be transmitted by contact with the blood and body fluids of people carrying the virus, ”he said.
"Closed clothes should be worn"
Pointing out that light colored clothes should be preferred when going to risky areas to protect from ticks, Güler said, “Ticks do not fly or jump, they definitely climb to reach a place in the human body where they can cling to suck blood. Since ticks climb out, they can stick to all parts of the body, especially in the leg area. For this, closed clothes should be worn as much as possible, trousers should be put into socks or boots should be preferred. In risky area turns, the person should definitely check his own body and the body of his children in terms of ticks. "Behind the ear, armpits, groin and back of the knees should be examined carefully," he said.
"Bare hands should not be touched"
Explaining what should be considered when removing ticks from the body, Güler emphasized that the tick attached to the body should be removed with a suitable material from the closest part of the tick as soon as possible. “Since tick bites are often painless, people who are bitten usually only notice the tick after it has been bitten, even after the tick swells by sucking blood. The sooner the tick is removed from the body, the lower the risk of disease. During the process of removing the tick from its grip, bare hands should never be touched, and gloves should be worn. The tick attached to the body should be removed from the closest part of the body to the body by holding it with a suitable material. Keeping the head of the tick inside during the removal process poses a serious risk for CCHF disease and therefore it is necessary to remove the tick from the body without crushing and breaking it. Removed tick, bleach, alcohol or insecticide etc. It should be put to death by throwing it into a bottle with a cap. " used the expressions.
"Hands should be washed with soap"
Underlining that it is important for the person to apply to the nearest health institution if he cannot remove the tick that clings to his body, Güler said, “It should be ensured that the tick is removed from the body as soon as possible. Materials used for the patient should be thrown into a sealed bag or box. Gloves should be removed and disposed of properly, hands should be washed with soap. Forceps with a pointed tip should not be used while removing the tick. In order to remove ticks from the body, methods such as cigarettes, cologne, kerosene, alcohol and similar chemical products should not be used. Curling or folding movements should not be used to remove the tick. Ticks should not be extracted with bare hands, ”he said.
"Light colored cloth should be laid down"
Underlining that people dealing with agriculture and animal husbandry should be more careful against ticks, Güler said, “These people should check their bodies, children's bodies and clothes frequently in terms of ticks. The tick should be removed by holding it from the closest point where it is attached to the body with a suitable material such as tweezers or curved-tipped forceps, and should not be crushed by hand in any way. After the tick is removed, the person should be informed and followed up for 10 days, and it should be emphasized that in case of complaints such as sudden fever, headache, intense weakness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and bleeding, they should apply to the health institution. Blood or other body fluids of sick persons should not be touched unprotected. Those who are in places like water edges and pastures for picnic purposes should check them for ticks when they return, and if there are ticks, they should duly remove them from the body. Avoid places with bushes, twigs and lush grass, and should not enter such places with bare feet or short clothing. He said, "You should sit on picnic or camping areas without direct contact with the ground, by laying a light-colored cover."
"Protection measures should be taken"
Medicana Sivas Hospital Infectious Diseases Specialist Güler said, “Animals' blood and other body fluids should not be touched unprotected. Protective measures such as gloves, gowns, goggles, masks should be taken during contact with animal blood, tissue or other body fluids belonging to the animal. Animal tick fighting should be done. Animal shelters should be built in a way that does not allow ticks to survive, and after the tick struggle, cracks and crevices should be repaired and whitewashed. Pet owners should spray their animals and animal shelters against ticks and other external parasites at least twice a year with appropriate ectoparasitic drugs. In the struggle, all the animals in the village and their shelters should be sprayed against ticks and other ectoparasites simultaneously. In general, extensive environmental spraying is not deemed beneficial, ”he concluded.