What is tachycardia? Tachycardia Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods

What is tachycardia, causes of tachycardia, symptoms and treatment methods
What is tachycardia, causes of tachycardia, symptoms and treatment methods

You may have observed that when you run very fast, your heartbeat accelerates. Fear, anxiety, or an accelerated heart rate after training is a common occurrence. However, your heart beating for no reason can be a harbinger of a dangerous situation. Explaining that this danger may be tachycardia, Avrasya Hospital Cardiology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Habib Çil explained those who were curious about the subject.

Increasing heart rate to high levels; Tachycardia

The rhythm in the heart is controlled by electrical signals sent to the heart tissues. The more electrical signals are produced, the faster the heart beats. This condition, called tachycardia, is an increase in the heart rate to high levels despite the conditions being normal. The measure at this point is that the heart rate exceeds 100 beats / min. Although it is a general measure, this rate may vary depending on gender and age.

There are many factors that affect the disease ...

Many factors are effective in the development of tachycardia. The most important of these is the damage to the heart tissues due to heart diseases. Besides heart damage;

  • Anemia,
  • High fever,
  • Stress,
  • Sudden changes in emotions,
  • Moments of worry and fear,
  • Too much caffeine consumption,
  • Alcohol and cigarette consumption,
  • Electrolyte imbalance,
  • Overwork of the thyroid gland,
  • Heart failure,
  • Some congenital anomalies,
  • Heart diseases,
  • Drug abuse,
  • Some medications used.

If you are showing these symptoms…

While tachycardia occurs with various symptoms in many people, it does not cause any complaints in some people. This situation, which reduces the chances of early intervention, may increase the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, heart attack and death. Therefore, the changes and findings occurring in the heart and body of the person should be observed well. Especially;

  • Your heartbeat gets faster and faster,
  • Beginning to feel the heartbeat,
  • Increased heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting,
  • Difficulty breathing,
  • Feeling of tightness in the chest,
  • Feeling dizzy,
  • Weakness,
  • Hypotension,
  • People who experience chest pain should definitely see a specialist doctor.

Attention to cigarette and alcohol users!

Many people are in the risk group when it comes to tachycardia, ie heart rhythm disorder. Especially people who smoke and drink alcohol, which pose a serious danger to heart health, have a much higher risk of tachycardia. And also; Cardiac patients, blood pressure patients, those suffering from anemia, sleep apnea, people with blood pressure problems and those under constant stress are also in the risk group.

The method of diagnosis varies

Since tachycardia occurs for many reasons, diagnostic methods also differ. Therefore, for the detection of tachycardia;

  • ECO test,
  • Thyroid tests,
  • Holter,
  • EPS,
  • Stress test,
  • Blood tests are applied.

What kind of a path is followed in the treatment process?

When determining a roadmap for tachycardia, first of all, the causes of rhythm disturbance should be determined. It is not only the cause of the disease that shapes the roadmap, but also the age, gender and general health of the patient. The main purpose of treatment is to prevent the recurrence of rhythm disturbances, to reduce its frequency and to reduce the risks that may occur. The treatment approaches applied in this context are as follows;

  • Vagal maneuvers: Vagal maneuvers, one of the first preferred methods, aim to regulate the heart rhythm through some movements.
  • Medicines: Generally, in cases where vagal maneuvers are incomplete, drugs are used to balance the heart rhythm.
  • Cardiac ablation:It is the direction of the catheters placed in the groin, arm and neck to the heart. The target of the catheters prevents the sending of excessive electrical signals.
  • Cardioversion: With the shock given to the heart, electrical signals are stimulated and the rhythm returns to normal.
  • Heart battery: The pacemaker, placed under the skin, activates when the rhythm increases and ensures that the heart reaches its normal rhythm.
  • Surgical methods: Surgery is the preferred method if there is more than one electrical pathway that causes rhythm disturbance in the heart.
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