Dietician Specialist Aslıhan Küçük Budak gave information about the subject. Bread is a food that we often include in our meals. It is as important as how much we consume the bread, which type of bread we prefer. Corn; It consists of the shell, germ and endosperm. Whole grain breads such as whole wheat bread, rye bread, oat bread are rich in iron, magnesium, selenium and B vitamins, and with their high dietary fiber content, they stabilize blood sugar, provide long-term satiety, regulate bowel movements and improve blood parameters. White bread, on the other hand, raises blood sugar faster and encourages more food by causing hunger faster, unlike whole grain breads. At the same time, refined grains such as white flour are the grinded grain of the grain and its shell and germ are separated. With the grinding process, it reduces fiber, iron and B vitamins.
100% whole wheat bread
When purchasing whole wheat bread, make sure that it is made of 100% whole wheat flour. Labeled "whole wheat" breads to create a healthier perception may contain significant amounts of refined flour.
Sourdough whole wheat bread
Sourdough is made by a fermentation process based on naturally occurring yeast and bacteria to rise the bread. Fermentation helps reduce the number of phytates that bind to certain minerals and impair their absorption. At the same time, sourdough bread is rich in probiotics created during the fermentation process that support intestinal health and digestion, and prebiotics that feed these beneficial bacteria. Finally, sourdough bread is thought to have a lower glycemic index, as the beneficial bacteria in sourdough help reduce the digestion rate of starch. Sourdough breads can be made from both whole wheat flour and white flour. At this point, it would be much healthier to prefer sourdough breads made from whole wheat flour.
Oat bread is generally made from oats, whole wheat flour, yeast, water, and salt. Oats are rich in beta-glucan and beneficial nutrients such as magnesium, thiamine, iron and zinc, which help lower cholesterol levels, regulate blood sugar and lower high blood pressure. Therefore, oat bread is also a healthy choice.