Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Associate Professor Ahmet İnanır gave important information about the subject. One of the most common ailments today is hip arthritis. Hip calcification manifests itself with restriction of hip joint movements and pain in the groin. However, it should not be ignored that there are other factors that exhibit the symptoms of hip joint calcification.
What is Hip Calcification?
Calcification is actually a cartilage breakdown. The main joint connecting the leg to the trunk is called the hip joint. The hip joint carries a lot of load. Hip joint calcification is the erosion and deformation of the cartilage covering the bones that make up this joint for various reasons and the loss of the anatomical structure of the underlying bones.
What are the Causes of Hip Calcification?
Hip joint calcifications are divided into 2 groups. The first group is the calcification that occurs as a result of the erosion of the cartilage in the hip joint over time due to a congenital or a later structural disorder (such as arthritis, hip dislocation, childhood hip bone diseases, trauma…). The second group is hip arthritis of unknown origin.
At What Age Does Hip Calcification Occur?
The problem of hip joint calcification can occur mostly after the age of 60, or it can also be seen in younger ages after childhood hip joint diseases or when there is congenital hip dislocation.
What are the Symptoms of Hip Calcification?
Hip joint calcification is a disease that makes the life of patients difficult and also lowers the quality of life. Pain is one of the most prominent and important complaints. Due to this pain, difficulties in daily activities such as wearing socks, getting into the vehicle, sitting and getting up are among the symptoms. Restriction occurs in hip joint movements. Often, pain occurs first, followed by restriction in movements. This pain is felt not in the hip but in the groin area and is a pain that spreads towards the knee.
Some of the common symptoms include:
- Decreased joint stiffness and limitation of movement with movement,
- Clicking or cracking sound when a joint is bent
- Mild swelling around the joint
- Joint pain that increases after activity or towards the end of the day.
- Pain is felt in the groin area or hip, and sometimes in the knee or thigh.
How Is Hip Joint Calcification Diagnosed?
After resting the patient's complaints, the disease can be revealed by a physical examination. However, in order to make a differential diagnosis among hip joint diseases, an x-ray is usually required first. In some special cases, MRI and computed tomography examination may be required.
How Is Hip Calcification Treated?
Different options are available to reduce or eliminate the symptoms of calcification. Doctors prescribe medication for pain and inflammation in the joints, but painkillers that do not feel that the lesion does not disappear may cause the lesion to grow further. Symptoms can be alleviated with physical therapy. Surgery may be required in some patients. Drug injections into the joint or surrounding tissues, Prolotherapy, Neural therapy, stem cell applications are among the preferred treatment methods and these should be included among the treatment options to be applied. In the long-term management of the disease, managing symptoms such as pain, stiffness and swelling, and increasing flexibility, losing weight, getting enough exercise is essential.