İsmail Kemaloğlu requested a correction to correct the misperception about fructose syrup (starch-based sugar) mentioned in the article titled "What are the Foods that Prevent Weight Loss" by the Secretary General of NİSAD (Starch Industrialists Association).
The article on the subject of denial is as follows; In the article titled “What Are the Foods That Prevent Weight Loss” published on our website on 12.04.2021, we read the statements of Mr.Tuğba Yaprak about fructose syrup (starch-based sugar). This statement places the area which is the largest organization representing Turkey starch industry to correct information that will lead to misperceptions Association Starch Manufacturers (nisadmin) as we wanted to share current academic data on starch-based sugar with you.
In the news, "Acidic drinks invite metabolic disorders such as heart disease and diabetes, as they contain high doses of fructose and glucose syrups." It consists of glucose and fructose sugars, such as table sugar, although the composition of starch-based sugar varies according to the application in which it is used. Sucrose or table sugar is glucose and fructose linked together, meaning it consists of 50% glucose and 50% fructose. The proportion of fructose in starch-based sugar is between 42% and 55%, the rest is glucose. People get their energy from carbohydrates, proteins and fats. The European Food Safety Authority EFSA has published guidelines that include the information that carbohydrates should be between 45-60% of total energy intake in adults and children.
(1) The risk of overweight and obesity depends not on the sugar content of the diet alone, but on the total amount of calories taken and consumed (energy balance).
(2) Recent scientific reports have concluded that sugar intake alone does not cause diabetes. There is no direct evidence that sugar causes an increase in appetite, reduced satiety, or diabetes.
(3) Sugars containing fructose do not raise blood pressure when consumed as part of a normal diet.
(4) Current studies show high fructose intake and triglyceride levels, BMI, waist circumference.
(5) hypertension of fructose intakes of up to 14% of total energy intake.
The body absorbs free fructose and glucose, or the same sugars from sucrose and starch-based sugar in the same way as they all do. Therefore, it is unlikely that fructose consumed as a component of starch-based sugar will cause metabolic abnormality or cause greater weight gain in a diet with the same calories than other sugars.
(7) Considering this information, there is insufficient evidence that dietary fructose causes adverse health effects, regardless of whether it is present as a part of total sugar or as free sugar.
(8) As an institution operating without a commercial purpose, we accept it as a responsibility to correct misperception with scientific facts and to inform the public correctly. Within the framework of scientific evidence, we expect you to reconsider the statements and ask you to correct them as part of your responsibility to the public. As NİSAD, we would like you to know that we will be pleased to share with you all our scientific resources on starch and starch products.