What is Fibromyalgia? What are the Symptoms? How Is It Treated?

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia and how is it treated?
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia and how is it treated?

Medicana Sivas Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Mustafa Kısa stated that fibromyalgia, which is known as chronic pain and fatigue syndrome, which is common in the world, is one of the most important causes of loss of work and power, and that the disease is 10 times more common in women than men.

Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Specialist Dr. Mustafa Kısa gave information about fibromyalgia, a musculoskeletal disease that develops due to stress and mental state. Short, ”Fibromyalgia is a disease that manifests itself with many complaints as well as long-term widespread muscle pain, morning fatigue and stiffness caused by non-resting sleep. Since the main symptoms are related to muscle and other soft tissues, it is also called soft tissue rheumatism. Fibromyalgia, which is common all over the world, is one of the most important causes of work and power loss. It is more prevalent among those who work meticulous, perfectionist, do not like their profession, and work in intensive and stressful jobs between the ages of 30-50. It is 10 times more common in women than in men. " said.

Stating that there are many complaints and complaints in patients such as' I have no place that does not hurt ',' I wake up like a beating ',' I have no cure and strength in my arms and legs', 'I cannot do anything', I have such severe pain, but nobody believes me ', Kısa said: .

"Widespread pain, morning fatigue, swelling, numbness and tingling in hands and arms, persistent headaches like migraine, palpitations, abdominal pain and inflammatory bowel syndrome manifested by changes in bowel habits, frequent urination and burning for no reason, painful menstruation, concentration disorders, Complaints such as excessive sweating are common. Pain, which is the most important symptom of the disease, is in the right and left of the body, in the upper and lower half of the body, as well as in the spine. Although a large number of patients with complaints show a doctor-to-doctor visit, most of the time the diagnosis is made very late. The late diagnosis of these patients, who have to deal with many complaints, and their relatives not being able to find someone to share their troubles and troubles with is another problem. "

A disease that can be cured

Explaining that there is no laboratory and imaging method specific to fibromyalgia, Kısa said, “In fact, excluding other diseases that cause similar complaints is an important detail in diagnosis. Widespread pain lasting more than 18 months and accompanying sensitivity in 11 of 3 tender points in different parts of the body was sufficient for the diagnosis, which has been accepted for many years. However, it has recently changed, albeit a little. Education of patients and their relatives is the cornerstone of treatment. It is important to have the patient and their relatives accept the reality of the disease in solving the trust problem that exists in the patient. It is a disease that does not cause permanent disability and does not threaten life. There is no stereotyped treatment method and a specific treatment program is arranged for each patient. Since it is a chronic disease, it requires a lot of patience for both the patient and the physician. It is aimed to eliminate complaints, to increase the functional level and to increase the quality of life. Clinical evidence has shown that some medications, physical therapy agents, cognitive behavioral therapies, exercise and sports activities can be effective. Single and frequently used pain relievers, antirheumatic drugs and muscle relaxants are both unscathed and cause quite a lot of side effects because they are used frequently. " he spoke.

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