Babies can be born with health problems in some cases. Problems with the eyes and tears, including… There are many diseases related to the tear system. Tear congestion is also among these problems. In tear congestion, the valve at the end of the tear duct opening to the nose does not open at birth. Tears that cannot pass through the canal to the nose first accumulate in the tear sac, then flow out of the eyelids and cause watering. Avrasya Hospital Eye Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Kemal Yıldırım explained those who were curious about tear congestion in babies.
It is common in newborns ...
The fluid produced by the lacrimal gland in babies passes into the lacrimal sac, from which the tear duct flows into the nasal cavity. When obstructions occur in the tear duct due to various reasons, tears begin to accumulate in the eye. Tears that cannot pass through the channel flow from the eyes to the cheeks. This situation can cause the eye to become infected.
Lacrimal duct obstruction in babies is very common, especially in newborns. Although it usually goes away by itself, it can lead to infections and many problems when not intervened at the right time.
There are many reasons that affect the disease
There can be many reasons why the tear duct is blocked. Tear congestion; It may occur due to infections, traumas, lacrimal stones, sinusitis, systemic inflammatory diseases and tumors. Another factor is congenital blockages. It is the incomplete formation of eye canals during the development of the baby in the mother's womb. Most of the time, the baby is born without puncture of the membrane where the tear sac opens to the nose.
Pay attention to these signs!
- Swelling in the sides of the root of the nose,
- Eye inflammations.
Early intervention is important to prevent a bad outcome
Tear congestion, which is seen in 6% of newborn babies, occurs due to the reasons mentioned above. Most parents notice symptoms such as redness and burrs in the baby's eye and consult a doctor. However, if these symptoms are ignored and neglected, very serious problems may be created in the baby. This is because the tear sac and tear ducts become vulnerable to germs unless they are treated. This can lead to inflammation and damage to the eye, lid and other surrounding tissues. Moreover, the inflammation can spread and cause meningitis and kidney diseases.
Regular massage should not be neglected ...
The first preferred method for eliminating tear duct obstruction in babies is massage. In this method, 4-minute massages are applied 5-10 times a day, 5 times a day. Massage is applied by gently pressing the tear sac from the nose root down to the nasal wall. In addition, the baby's eyes are cleaned with warm water 2-3 times a day. If the burring continues, antibiotic eye drops given by the doctor can be used.
Is surgical intervention required?
If the regularly applied massage does not give a positive result at the end of a year, then surgical methods may be required. For this, the probing process, which takes an average of 3 minutes, is applied. General anesthesia is given to the baby and the device called a probe is entered from the upper end of the tear duct and the obstruction at the lower end of the duct is removed. It could be a valid reason to say more in the long run.