The Moscow Metro is one of the oldest and largest subways in the world, with a length of approximately 346.6 km, located in Moscow, the capital of Russia.
The construction of the subway was continued by the communist workers of the time and youth branches called Komsomol. The subway, which attracts tourists with its historical texture and artistic structure, is still under construction for new residential areas.
The Moscow Metro, which was started to be built in 1931 during the reign of Josef Stalin, is now considered by everyone to be the most beautiful subway in the world in terms of interior architecture and decoration, although it is compared to the New York, Paris or London subways in terms of size. The Moscow Metro is undoubtedly the world's most passenger-carrying metro. Approximately 182 million people travel every day at 9.2 stations, each of which is regarded as a wonder of art. The Moscow Metro is operated by the state.
Metro can be considered as a source of tourism in itself. Because thousands of tourists who come to the country visit this historical subway. Also, looking at the map of the subway, there is an interesting map structure that is not available in other systems. In the Moscow Metro, where there are 12 lines in total, each line has its own name and color. Lines are usually directed from outside Moscow towards the center. Only the -ring- line (20 km) named circle cut all other lines and enabled it to be used as a transfer line. In addition, the name of the line and the names of the stations are announced during the journey. If the person making the announcement is male, the direction of the train you take is going towards the center of Moscow, and the female means going out from the center. For the ring line, the male announcement voice indicates that you are traveling clockwise, and the female announcement voice indicates that you are traveling counterclockwise. In addition, almost the entire metro system is established underground. Only lines 1, 2 and 4 cross the Moscow River by bridge and rise to the surface. The Moscow Metro, which operates continuously for 05.30 hours between 01.00:19,5 in the morning and 90:XNUMX at night, operates XNUMX-second intervals during peak hours.
Moscow Metro II. It was used as an important refuge and center for Soviet leaders during the Battle of Moscow in World War II. Stalin, in particular, did not leave the city in the winter of 1941 while German soldiers threatened the capital and gave morale to the fighting Soviet society by not leaving his headquarters there. In April 1941, the Council of People's Commissars decided to turn the subway into a bomb-proof shelter. Designed to protect gates, stations from any nuclear attack, the stations of the Moscow Metro II. It was used as a civil defense unit during World War II. After the war, the new stations were designed to withstand any weapons of mass destruction. A filter was added to all chimneys in order to prevent any virus from being affected by this virus. The filters in the ventilation shafts provide air transfer and also suffocate the noise.
Moscow Metro Map