In recent years, developments such as changes in air temperatures, melting of glaciers, increased storms, drought and desertification are on the agenda as the consequences of global warming.
Global warming, which has become more serious over time, is deeply affecting the Earth and human life day by day. In order to combat global warming, it is of primary importance to have knowledge about this critical issue. With its deep-rooted history of more than 150 years, Generali Sigorta answered 5 questions about global warming, which is considered among the most important dangers of the near future.
What is this global warming?
As a result of the increase in the gases holding the heat in the atmosphere, the increase in the temperature measured in the sea, land and air throughout the year is called "Global Warming". These gases, which gradually increase in the atmosphere, reduce the ozone layer and prevent the reflection of the rays coming from the Sun, and thus the Earth absorbs more heat. Thanks to the excessive greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, this heat, which holds for a longer time, increases the temperature of the Earth. As a result of increasing temperature, climate changes occur on the Earth.
What causes global warming?
The main reason for global warming is the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels, the use of coal and petroleum, and the resulting carbocdioxide gas is one of the gases that cause global warming. Plants use carbon dioxide to release oxygen into the atmosphere. However, with the destruction of forests and the decrease of plants that will use carbon dioxide in the last quarter century, there is more carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere.
What are the consequences of global warming? What happens if no action is taken?
Global warming brings with it problems that cannot be taken lightly and in fact require measures to be taken as soon as possible. Polar glaciers are melting day by day, and if the melting continues at this rate and cannot be prevented, it is predicted that the sea water level will rise rapidly and the coastal regions will be submerged. Along with global warming, natural events such as hurricanes and floods increase their intensity every year. The changes in the seasons are more visible every year. This situation affects not only humans but also other elements of nature. For example, animal migration periods are also changing. One of the possible scenarios is that the generations of animals that cannot adapt to these changes will disappear over time. The extinction of a species means the disruption of the natural functioning and the breaking of the chain.
What can we do to stop global warming?
First of all, it is important to raise awareness about global warming and to convey this awareness to all people. Because every individual who becomes conscious will make an effort to prevent global warming and will contribute to the spread of this awareness. In order to prevent global warming, it is necessary to reduce the use of greenhouse gases, which is the main cause of global warming. For this, it is stated by the experts of the subject that even small changes that can be applied in daily life will work. For example, even tiny steps such as choosing vehicles that consume unleaded gasoline, using natural resources more economically, sorting recyclable wastes are among the measures that can prevent global warming.
What are the measures taken for global warming?
The most important step taken for global warming is the Kyoto Protocol. This protocol stands out as the only international protocol created to combat global warming and climate change. The countries that have signed the protocol have pledged to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases or, if they cannot do this, to increase their rights through carbon trade. The protocol, which was signed in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, requires countries to reduce the amount of gas they emit into the atmosphere to 1990 levels.