Increasing time spent at home, inactivity and snacking within the scope of combating the global epidemic for the last year, accelerates weight gain, and causes obesity, which is the dangerous disease of the modern age, to become widespread.
Studies on obesity, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in the body to the extent that it disrupts health”, reveal the extent of the danger. Indeed, Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey-2010 in our country, according to the preliminary study reports 20,5 percent obesity in men, 41 percent women, while the total has reached 30,3 percent. Acıbadem University Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery and Acıbadem Altunizade Hospital General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Information Chimney “According to WHO data, overweight and obesity are responsible for 2 percent of Type 80 diabetes, 35 percent of ischemic heart disease and 55 percent of hypertension in adults in Europe. It also causes more than 1 million deaths each year. Obesity, which is not only a cosmetic problem, but also a chronic disease, can cause many diseases. " says. Prof. Dr. Information Chimney March 4, World Obesity Day In the statement he made within the scope of the pandemic, he explained 10 serious problems caused by obesity, where the danger in the pandemic increased even more, and made important warnings and recommendations.
Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes can be reduced by losing weight, eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and exercising more.
Losing weight and being more physically active can help control blood sugar levels. Being more active and losing weight can also reduce the need for diabetes medication.
It's linked to high blood pressure, overweight, and obesity in a number of ways. Being overweight can increase blood pressure because the heart needs to pump harder to supply blood to all body cells. Excess fat also damages the kidneys, causing high blood pressure.
Overweight; It increases the likelihood of having high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both of these conditions increase the chance of heart disease or stroke. Losing weight has been shown to reduce the rate of heart disease and stroke.
Cancers of the colon, breast (postmenopausal), endometrium (uterine wall), kidney and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
Diseases of the gallbladder
Prof. Dr. Information Chimney “Because being overweight increases the likelihood of developing gallstones, gallbladder disease and gallstones are more common in overweight people. Therefore, it is of great importance to maintain the ideal weight. " says.
Bone and joint diseases
Osteoarthritis is a common joint condition that often affects the knee, hip, or back. Carrying excess weight puts extra pressure on these joints and wears down the cartilage that normally protects them.
Weight loss can reduce stress on the knees, hips and lower back and improve osteoarthritis symptoms.
In addition, another disease that affects the joints is gout. It is a disease caused by the increase of uric acid in the blood. Gout is more common in people who are overweight.
Sleep apnea is a breathing problem associated with being overweight. Sleep apnea, which can cause a person to snore heavily and stop breathing briefly during sleep, can also increase the likelihood of heart disease and stroke. Weight loss generally improves sleep apnea.
The cause of fatty liver is still unknown. The disease mostly affects middle-aged, overweight, obese and people with diabetes.
Gestational diabetes and high blood pressure
Overweight and obesity increase the risk of health problems during pregnancy for both mother and baby. Pregnant women who are overweight or obese are more likely to have gestational diabetes (high blood sugar during pregnancy) and preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy), and these two diseases can cause serious problems for both mother and baby. Babies of overweight or obese mothers are at high risk of being born very prematurely, stillbirth (death in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy) and neural tube defects (brain and spinal cord defects).
Prof. Dr. Bilgi Baca “Many people affected by obesity experience depression. Some studies have found a strong association between obesity and major depressive disorder. People affected by obesity may face discrimination in society. Over time, this can lead to feelings of sadness or lack of self-confidence. " says.
Pay attention to this recommendation in surgical treatment!
General Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Information Chimney “We recommend surgical treatment for obese patients who cannot lose weight with diet and exercise to change their lifestyle and make them lose weight more easily. Nowadays, obesity surgery can be performed safely with fewer complications. The most common type of surgery in the world and in our country is sleeve gastrectomy, that is, sleeve gastrectomy. This surgery is safely recommended for our patients with minimally invasive methods (laparoscopic or robotic). However, it is of great importance that obesity surgery is performed in centers experienced in this field. " says.