Having a baby can be an exciting and anxious process for couples. How the development of babies growing in their mother's womb is the most important question in the minds of expectant parents. With the advancement of imaging methods, each stage of the development of the baby in the womb can be followed, and all organs of the baby can be examined in detail with detailed ultrasound. The detailed ultrasound, which enables the detection of most congenital and structural anomalies in the baby and intervene in diseases when necessary, does not harm the baby and the mother. Memorial Ankara Hospital Perinatology and Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, Assoc. Dr. Ertuğrul Karahanoğlu gave information about the detailed ultrasound procedure and its benefits.
95 percent of congenital diseases can be diagnosed
The brain, eyes, nose, lips, face, neck, heart, lungs, arms, hands, fingers, abdominal organs, back, legs and feet of the baby are examined with the "detailed ultrasound", which is called the "detailed ultrasound" in which the organ development of the baby in the mother's womb is evaluated. . With detailed ultrasonography, which enables the detection of problems related to the formation of these organs, 95 percent of congenital diseases in the mother's womb can be diagnosed.
All organs of the baby are examined
The development of the baby in the mother's womb is divided into two as embryological and fetal periods. The first 8 weeks are considered as embryological, and after the 8th week as the fetal period. During the fetal period, as all the organs of the baby continue to form and develop, the baby's organs can be examined. Detailed ultrasonography is performed by people who have been trained in this subject with ultrasonography devices with certain features. Since organ evaluation is a long process, this examination can take up to half an hour.
Detailed ultrasound is usually 18-24. is done within weeks
Detailed ultrasonography generally 18-24. It is carried out between weeks. But thanks to the developing ultrasonography devices and techniques, this process is now 11-13. It can also be done between weeks. In the detailed ultrasonography performed between these weeks, 75 percent of the structural anomalies can be recognized. However, 20-24 as some problems in brain formation and some holes in the heart cannot be seen this week. It is recommended to repeat the procedure for the evaluation of brain development and small holes in the heart between weeks.
Detailed ultrasound is very important because;
- Performing detailed ultrasound, if there are problems in vital organs, performing the birth under appropriate conditions and planned will ensure that the baby is less affected by these problems.
- Intervention in some diseases in the womb increases the baby's chances of survival.
- Thanks to some special ultrasound findings, it can be helpful in diagnosing genetic diseases.
- It provides clarification of issues such as the position of the baby, the placement of the baby's partner, and the determination of the delivery method.
Detailed ultrasonography does not harm the baby
Due to the long duration of detailed ultrasonography, there are false ideas in pregnant women that their babies may be affected by these sound waves. However, the devices used in ultrasonography do not harm the baby and can be used safely.
Some of the genetic diseases can be detected by ultrasonography
There are approximately 15 thousand genetic diseases that have been identified today. Some of these diseases have some ultrasonographic findings. In order for a genetic disease to be diagnosed in the mother's womb, it must cause a structural disorder in the baby. Among the structural disorders; There are holes in the heart, abnormalities in the heart vessels, abnormalities in the heart valves, disorders in brain development, non-development of the anterior abdominal wall, finger excess, limb shortness, facial shape disorders and hundreds more. However, some genetic diseases unfortunately do not show any symptoms in the womb. Therefore, abnormal ultrasonographic findings should be evaluated very carefully.
Family members are also taken into consideration in detected disorders
Many structural disorders can be detected in the baby in detailed ultrasonography. These disorders alone do not mean anything. It may be necessary to evaluate the baby, parents or even siblings. After detailed evaluation, it is decided whether to perform additional tests.