With the winter season, danger bells started to ring for our skin. The cold, wind and air humidity decrease; Stating that when the misuse of disinfectants loaded in abundance during the pandemic process is added, some skin diseases will be triggered more easily, Acıbadem Kadıköy Hospital Dermatology Specialist Dr. Funda Güneri “Due to its particular harsh conditions in winter; In the process of Covid-19 pandemic, when hygienic habits are changed, excessive and wrong cleaning, disinfectant products used, cologne and masks that are not changed for a long time are added, our skin health is inevitably negatively affected.
For this reason, while trying to take precautions during the pandemic process, it is necessary to avoid wrong practices. " says. Dermatology Specialist Dr. Funda Güneri listed 5 skin diseases that occur or are triggered in winter; He explained the 19 rules necessary to protect our skin health during the winter months, when the Covid-10 pandemic will be marked, and made important warnings and recommendations.
Contact Eczema (Contact Eczema)
Contact eczema, which is especially effective on the hands, increases in the winter months. With the cooling of the weather, the skin first shows dryness, then redness, scaling, blisters and itching. While it may also occur on the body skin due to some shower gels; Today, it can also occur on the face with unsuitable masks used for protection from Covid19 infection. Allergic contact eczema can occur on the face skin against adhesives, rubber and metal parts in the mask. For this reason, medication may be required.
Symptoms can be alleviated by appropriate moisturizing, preference of creamy, glycerin soaps and protecting the hands with gloves outside in the cold period. Hands should be washed with warm water. Disinfectants should not be preferred in the home environment, they should be used when necessary, they should be rinsed with water whenever possible and the hand should be moistened with moisturizer, vaseline or barrier creams. Cotton gloves should be preferred for housework. Nourishing creams and lotions containing natural oils reduce the feeling of itching by removing the dryness and sensitivity of the skin with the lipids they contain, prevent the passage of allergen substances into the skin, and also increase skin resistance against bacteria. If these precautions are not observed, cracks and bleeding may occur in the skin.
This very common skin disease; It manifests itself with redness, dryness, yellowish oily dandruff and crusting on the scalp, face, eyebrows, nose edges, ears and surrounding areas. The lesions increase during the winter months and with stress.
It is necessary to be careful when using a mask in this disease, which is a type of eczema that is seen in people with oily skin and is prone to recurrence. The use of a mask or a closed environment in the skin under the beard in men affects the balance of bacteria and fungi in the skin, and also irritates sweating under the mask, which negatively affects this eczema. Medication may be required.
There is an increase in acne lesions due to the decrease in sunlight during the winter, spending more time at home and changing eating habits. In the Covid-19 pandemic, young people staying at home for a long time, consumption of foods that increase blood sugar (chocolate, white bread, potatoes, instant fruit juices ...), anxiety and stress can cause an increase in lesions. The mask also increases acne due to the rubbing against the skin and the moistening underneath.
If the mask is to be used for a long time, it should be changed every 3 hours. Stapling paper napkins under the surgical mask or choosing a double-layered cotton mask will reduce sweat and friction, thus increasing lesions can be prevented. The cloth mask should be washed daily with at least 60 degrees water, with a cleaning product that will not irritate the skin, and rinse well.
In the treatment, a washing product suitable for the skin with acne, a non-oily moisturizer and dermatological drugs are used if necessary. Some creams and systemic drugs used in the treatment of acne can also dry the skin and cause irritation, in this case, dermatologists recommend special soothing products.
Rosacea (Rose Disease)
Rosacea (Rose Disease), a skin disease of unknown cause, which recurs first on the face, then becomes chronic, with redness, increase in capillaries, acne-like lesions, itching and burning, increases in cold weather. In addition, drying of the skin, being close to the heat source, using unsuitable surgical masks, stress, spicy or hot foods and drinks can also exacerbate the disease. Creating a warm and humid environment under the mask can trigger lesions by disrupting the bacterial balance in the skin or increasing the number of intra-skin parasites. With mechanical and chemical irritation, the skin barrier is broken and the pH of the skin increases.
If possible, cream and make-up products should not be applied under the mask. It should be washed twice a day with a product that will not irritate the face, and a soothing moisturizer should be applied. Alcohol-based tonics, disinfectants and cologne should be avoided, and if necessary, drugs recommended by the dermatologist should be used.
Covid-19 pandemic process can also increase the negative effect in psoriasis triggered by winter period, drying of the air, stress, medications and infections. Dermatology Specialist Dr. Funda Güneri the reasons for this; more frequent contact with water due to hygiene, the drying effect of disinfectants on the skin, the necessity to enter the social environment and stress, explaining that “Typical form is seen in areas such as the scalp, knee-elbow, and psoriasis manifested by scaling and rash; In addition to the medications given by the dermatology physician, special attention should be paid to skin care, especially in winter. " says.
The fact that the shower product used in the bathroom is creamy, the lesions are not irritated by the scrub and soapy pad during the bath, and if possible, the application of a balm or lotion that is anti-irritation and itching within the first five minutes after bathing calms the activation of the disease. Disinfectants should only be used in places where we cannot reach water and soap, and if we have to use them, we should rinse our hands and use moisturizers at the first opportunity.
10 IMPORTANT RULES FOR SKIN HEALTH IN A PANDEM!
- Wash your hands with lukewarm water.
- After washing your hands, moisten them with Vaseline or barrier creams.
- Do not prefer disinfectants in home environment, use them when necessary.
- Choose cotton gloves for housework.
- Do not touch detergents with bare hands.
- Avoid extreme stress.
- Pay close attention to a healthy diet; especially avoid unhealthy snacks.
- Consume tea and coffee in moderation as it causes water excretion from the body.
- Change your mask every 3 hours, be sure to wash and rinse your cloth mask every day.
- Avoid alcohol-based tonics, face disinfectants and cologne.