Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Associate Professor Yavuz Selim Yıldırım gave information about the most common nose problems. The nasal region is the entry point of the upper respiratory tract and has a very important place in the body. The nasal mucosa performs many different functions such as heating and cleaning the air taken from the external environment, separating the odor functions and giving the feeling of breathing. The nasal mucosa is actually an important barrier for the immune system.
The nose is the first place to respond to molecules in the air coming through the droplet and aerosol and to create an appropriate response to them. For this reason, allergic diseases are among the most common nasal diseases in adults and children. Allergic rhinitis can affect not only the nose but also the entire respiratory tract over time, and it can also disturb surrounding structures such as the eye through neighborhood. Allergy causes nasal congestion, nasal congestion and sinusitis by swelling in the nasal mucosa and nasal concha, causing blockage of the sinuses and closing the airway. Starting to accompany the event in "Sinusitis" as a result of the blockage of the canals of the sinuses due to the occlusion of the nose; Sinusitis symptoms such as feeling of fullness and pressure on the face, throbbing feeling when the head is tilted forward, facial pain, headache, sputum, cough, fever occur.
In addition to allergies and sinusitis that cause problems in the nose, bone and cartilage problems affect breathing significantly by blocking the air channels in the nose.Bone and cartilage in the nose affect not only the airway but also the external appearance of the nose. can give a look. Again, the cartilage skew at the tip of the nose can cause serious breathing problems. The most important factor for bone and cartilage curvatures in the nose is that it does not recover spontaneously over time, and when these obstructions are associated with weight, it can cause serious sleep apnea. Sleep apnea also causes an increase in blood pressure, stops breathing at night, and the heart and vessels are affected.
One of the most common and most important diseases that cause nasal obstruction is the nasal meats. The existing nasal meats can grow more than normal and block the respiratory tract. the change in speech becomes evident. One of the most important reasons for the growth of existing meats is nasal allergy. We call the meat that comes out later, nasal polyps. nasal polyps are classified in chronic sinusitis. Nasal polyps occur as a result of the immune system being affected. In the treatment of nasal polyps, if a sufficient result cannot be obtained with maximum medical treatment, endoscopic sinus surgery treatment may be considered.
Apart from the bone-cartilage and meat of the nose and sinuses, nasal cancers can also be seen in adults. Nose cancers can be treated quickly with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. can be counted among the symptoms seen.
Nosebleeds should not always bring to mind cancer. Mostly, vascular cracks due to drying in the nasal mucosa cause nasal bleeding, besides these, blood diseases, hypertension, nasal congestion, using blood thinners may cause nosebleeds.
With the recent use of social media, the nose has an important aesthetic effect as well as function. Rhinoplasty can significantly change a person's facial appearance. While recessiveness and lack of self-confidence become more pronounced in people who do not like the shape of their nose, nose aesthetics draws an important route to the patients in this sense and removes the patients from this situation.