Eye Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Hakan Yüzer gave important information on the subject. Eye allergies are a seasonal or year-round eye condition problem that is usually observed with symptoms such as watery eye, stinging sensation, itching, and the sensation of an object in the eye. In the treatment of eye allergies, the period when the allergy occurs and the connection of these symptoms, if any, with another disease should be examined and the treatment method should be determined accordingly.
Eye Allergy Types and Symptoms;
It is the most common type of allergy among people. Depending on the amount of pollen that varies according to the season, there is clear discharge, watering, itching, and redness in the eye. Depending on these symptoms, dark circles under the eyes, puffiness and swelling in the eyelids may be observed.
It is a more serious type of allergy than seasonal allergy, when the symptoms of allergy are observed throughout the year and the effect on the life standards of the person and the treatment is considered.
- In the vernal allergy type, this type of allergy is usually observed in the families of the people. This discomfort, which is more common in hot climates, is also found in many people in our country. If it is seen in children and is not treated, it causes vision problems.
- Sticking on the eyelids after sleep
- It is observed with symptoms such as excessive burning in the eye, excessive itching, redness, mucus accumulation in the eye.
- In perennial allergy, the person is sensitive to objects such as fungi, dust, feathers, furry clothes and feels redness and pain in the eyes.
- It is another type of allergy that lasts year-round. The person feels light sensitivity and heaviness in the eyes throughout the year, symptoms do not decrease or increase seasonally.
- It is a type of allergy that occurs after wearing contact lenses that are not suitable for the person without the control and recommendation of the physician. This is seen when tear proteins stick to the lens due to the poor quality of the lens material.
- Along with increasing discomfort in wearing lenses;
- Redness in the eye, mucus puddle, itching, burning and stinging are observed.
Giant Papillary Allergy
Another type of allergy related to contact lens use, giant papillary allergy is a type of disorder in which papules and fluid sacs form on the inner eyelid.
- Symptoms such as blurred vision, eye swelling, itching are observed.
It is seen in people with other allergic conditions such as atopic allergy, atopic dermatitis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergy. In this type of allergy, allergies are encountered in the family members of the person.
- Scaly skin of the eyelids, redness
Diagnosis and Treatment of Eye Allergies
In the treatment of eye allergies, it is extremely important to make a diagnosis and to determine the reason for the problem. Whether the person's complaints around the eyes are due to the season, due to an increased substance in the environment, the presence of complaints that occur after an object has entered the lens or eye is questioned by the physician.
During the diagnosis of eye allergies, the same symptoms as an eye infection are observed, so the diagnosis is made with a microscope. In the eye, swelling due to allergies are detected and the discomfort is eliminated from the possibility of infection.
In the detection of the allergen-causing substance, allergen substances are injected into the skin of the person, and the body's reactions are observed and the substance causing the allergy can be detected.
After the diagnosis, the substance causing the allergy is detected and the person is kept away from this substance (s). During this period, cold application and tear solutions are recommended by the physician.