William Henry “Bill” Gates III (October 28, 1955, Seattle), or better known as Bill Gates, is an American author, software developer, entrepreneur, investor and businessman. He is married with three children.
Gates is one of the founders of Microsoft and is currently the company's technical advisor. Wanting to devote more time to charity, he resigned from Microsoft's chairmanship in March 2020.
Gates is the richest person in the world, with a net worth of $ 2019 billion as of August 110. (He has donated approximately $ 35 billion and continues to do so.)
American entrepreneur Gates transformed his two-person company (Microsoft) into a leading software company. Gates became one of the most successful corporate bosses in the late 20th century. Born in Seattle, Washington, to a lawyer father and a teacher mother, Gates attended his first informatics courses at a private school when he was twelve years old. He spent most of his spare time working on computer software with his schoolmate Paul Allen.
In order to be able to use the big computer of a company near them without paying, the two friends were searching for software bugs for users. Students who specialize in computers in this way established their first company (Traf-O-Data) in 1972. This company produced software for a traffic counting and control system, immediately selling for $ 20.000. A year later, Gates had an internship at the arms company TRW.
Personal computers were still in the early stages of their development in the mid-1970s. The most important example of the MITS company, which they called Altair, did not yet have a uniform, usable software, but had an incomplete operating system. Thanks to BASIC, the software language developed by Gates and Allen for Altair in 1974, computer users could write their own programs. MITS company purchased the marketing license from young researchers and ordered them to further develop the system. Gates then left his education and founded the company Microsoft in Albuquerque / New Mexico with Allen.
Microsoft was one of the first businesses to devote itself to developing software for microcomputers. Shortly afterward, companies like General Electric were among their regular customers. In 1977, Gates signed license agreements with PC (Personal Computer) manufacturers such as Apple, Tandy and Commodore to equip his tools with BASIC. In addition, by developing software languages such as FORTRAN, COBOL and Pascal, he provided a superiority to Microsoft and an international market path for them (with Japan being the first after 1978). Gates was able to make sales of about $ 1979 million in 13 with only 3 employees.
IBM turned to Gates after Gary Kildall rejected his proposal for an operating system to be written for PCs. Gates purchased the DOS operating system from Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for $ 50.000 and recruited Tim Paterson, one of the DOS developers at SCP. DOS operating system was changed in line with IBM's needs and renamed MS-DOS.
MS-DOS (Microsoft Disc Operating System) broke worldwide sales records in the 1980s (120 million copies). Gates was able to sell to other hardware manufacturers with a clever vision, reserving his rights. In the ensuing time, as more and more companies introduced devices compatible with IBM, the operating system they developed became uniform for all computers. Meanwhile, the company, which has 1.000 employees, established branches in Europe after the mid-1980s. Gates, who led the company, placed emphasis on consistent teamwork and a strict efficiency principle. The efficiency of all employees was evaluated every six months.
In parallel with the Gates operating system, he was also doing extremely successful work in the field of application software. After the Multiplan Spreadsheet Computing Software (1982), in 1983 he launched the first text processing system called Word that used a mouse. Especially Word was sold well in Europe, but in the US it only gradually succeeded against its rivals, Lotus 1-2-3 and WordPerfect.
Microsoft's decisive success in the software field came with the order the Apple company gave them. Various application systems (such as Word and Excel) have been developed for the computer that will serve as an example for the Macintosh. Gates turned his company into a joint stock company in 1986. Before long, only his own share (45%) had a stock market value of over $ 1 billion.
Gates started working on the development of Windows, a graphical improvement of the MS-DOS operating system, in 1985. Three years after launching Windows (1987), they were successful with a marketing campaign. Microsoft was constantly expanding this system with more advanced software elements. Gates was especially concerned about making Windows a simpler and more useful format. Microsoft was the undisputed market leader in 1993 (annual turnover: $ 36 billion; stock market value: over $ 140 billion).
Microsoft launched the first version of Windows at retail on November 20, 1985, and in August, the company made a deal with IBM to develop a separate operating system called OS / 2. He developed the first version of the new system. Although the partnership broke the two companies, Bill Gates developed the standalone version of OS / 2, led by Microsoft IBM. But it ended in 1991. Windows is still being developed.
Bill Gates appeared in Microsoft's commercials in 2008. The ad used the picture in which Gates was arrested in 1977. Famous comedian Jerry Seinfeld was also featured in this ad. The second ad also featured Gates and Seinfeld, but this time they were eating at a house.
Bill Gates appears as one of the richest people in the world. The size of the house is 6100 m². Gates' home includes an underwater music system and an 18-meter swimming pool, a 230-square-meter gym and a 93-square-meter dining room. He keeps the handwritten books of the famous painter Da Vinci in his house. He makes $ 230 per second.