5 Dangers for Children on Vacation

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Sun, sand, sea and fresh air provide great benefits for the physical and psychological development of children.


Our children are away from electronic devices such as phones, computers and televisions, and they can drain their energy in a healthy way. In addition, having the whole family together also contributes positively to their personality by strengthening their sense of trust. Acıbadem Fulya Hospital Pediatric Health and Diseases Specialist Dr. Imre Gökyar, stating that we should take precautions against common diseases while vacationing with our children, he says, “Because factors such as harmful rays of the sun, dirty pool or food prepared without paying attention to hygiene rules can threaten the health of our children”. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Dr. Imre Gokyar He talked about 5 health problems frequently seen in children on vacation, and made important suggestions and warnings.

SUN STROKE

Sun stroke; A picture with symptoms such as high fever, nausea, vomiting and headache in children who are unprotected for a long time under the sun. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Dr. İmre Gökyar pointed out that problems such as unconsciousness and difficulty in breathing may develop due to the loss of fluid and salt in the body in severe sunstroke, “When the treatment is late, the picture can progress further and become fatal. "In mild sunstrokes, reduce the fever, drink plenty of fluids to compensate for the loss of fluid in the body and take a warm shower." Dr. İmre Gökyar warns that if you have vomiting, you should apply to the nearest health institution without wasting time.

How should it be protected?

  • Do not go out in the sun between 10:00 and 16:00 when the sun's rays are the steepest on the earth.
  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water, without waiting for them to become thirsty.
  • When you go out, always wear a wide-brimmed hat.
  • Even if you are in the shade, make sure it stays under an umbrella.
  • Choose cotton, loose and light colored clothes that prevent sweating.
  • Especially avoid sweaty clothes with high nylon content.

SUMMER DIARY

Summer diarrhea, which is one of the most common health problems in children, can be caused by swallowing pool or sea water, foods washed with dirty water, foods consumed from open buffets and foods that are not stored under appropriate conditions. Summer diarrhea, which develops with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, watery stools, and weakness, can sometimes be accompanied by fever. As a result of the rapid fluid and mineral loss caused by diarrhea in the body, if these losses are not replaced, problems that can lead to kidney failure and shock may develop.

How should it be protected?

  • Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds, especially before eating and after toileting.
  • Wash your baby bottles every time and never use leftovers.
  • Prefer drinks in closed bottles over open beverages.
  • Make sure food is stored in a place where it is colder than 4 degrees.
  • Do not feed foods that are sold in the open, contact with flies and insects or not stored under appropriate conditions, prefer packaged products.
  • Pay attention to the food served at the buffets.
  • If younger than 2 years old, do not put them in the pool or make sure the pool is clean.

INSECT BITES

Insects are mostly on the skin; While they cause problems such as redness, itching, pain and swelling, in some cases they can create more dangerous pictures such as an allergic reaction. Dr. Imre Gokyar After the insect bite, you should wash the bitten area with soap and water to prevent infection, he says: “Apply bite cream, then apply ice to the swollen area. Do not scratch, scratch or squeeze the wound. There is no need to see a doctor for every insect bite. However, it is very important to consult a doctor without wasting time in cases such as wheezing or difficulty breathing, nausea, diarrhea and vomiting symptoms, rapid and irregular heartbeat, dizziness, difficulty swallowing and anxiety. In bee sting, if there is swelling at the sting site, you should consult a doctor immediately, because some bee toxins can cause an allergic reaction. Since the tick releases its toxin, it can pose a life-threatening risk if it is not removed from the body on time. Do not remove the tick by hand by pulling, squeezing, or breaking it. If you manually intervene, the tick may not be completely removed from the body and can lead to different complications. For this reason, it must be intervened and removed by the physician. "

How should it be protected?

  • Wear clothes with long sleeves that will not expose the skin.
  • Avoid clothes with red, green and yellow colors that resemble flower colors, choose colors that bees do not like, such as brown.
  • Use mosquito nets, fly-repellent bracelets or covers.

FOOD POISONING

Food poisoning is a picture that occurs as a result of consuming foods that contain toxins, chemicals or bacteria, viruses or parasites and can cause serious health problems. It manifests itself with complaints such as vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal cramps, loss of appetite, fever, weakness and headache. Most food poisoning is short-term and heals spontaneously. However, sometimes serious pictures such as septic shock may develop.

How should it be protected?

  • Always provide fresh, cooked food.
  • Do not provide any suspended and exposed food.
  • Do not eat foods such as chicken, fish, milk and dairy products from unknown and untrustworthy places.
  • If you are eating out, be sure to pay attention to the hygiene of the restaurant and the place.

SUN BURNS

Sunburns; In addition to the redness, if deeper layers of the skin are affected, it is defined as a picture that occurs with liquid-filled bubbles called “bulla” and can progress to severe burns. “It is useful to apply cold, wet compresses to sunburned skin. If your physician recommends, you can apply paracetamol-containing drugs and allergic ointments or gels to relieve itching. İmre Gökyar makes the following important warnings: “Never apply substances such as butter, toothpaste and yogurt on your skin as this will pose an infection risk. It is also important that you do not burst blisters that have collected water by providing a barrier, as they protect the skin even if only a little. "

How should it be protected?

  • Do not go outside between 10:00 and 16:00 when the sun's rays reach the earth at its steepest.
  • 30 minutes before going out, apply a sunscreen with 30-50 protection factor to your skin.
  • Repeat the sunscreen every 2-3 hours. Reapply the cream after the sea or pool, regardless of this time.
  • Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.
  • If younger than 6 months old, do not go directly to the sun, keep it in the shade as much as possible. If you are going to go out in the sun, apply protective lotion and wear long clothes.
  • Make sure to moisturize your body after the sun.

Hibya News Agency


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