High-speed train is a railway vehicle that provides the opportunity to travel faster than normal trains. In the world, travel speed is 200 km / h on old rails (some European countries accept it as 190 km / h) and over 250 km / h and above trains are defined in newly installed lines. These trains can generally travel at a speed of less than 200 km / h on conventional (old system) rails and over 200 km / h on high speed train rails.
Trains early 20. century was the only public transport vehicle going on in the world until the invention of motor vehicles and they were therefore a serious monopoly. Europe and the United States have been using steam trains since 1933 for high-speed trains. The average speed of these trains was 130 km per hour, and they could do 160 miles at most.
At 1957, Odakyu Electric Railway in Tokyo launched Japan's own high-speed train, the 3000 SSE. This train broke the world speed record by speeding 145 miles per hour. This development instilled serious confidence in Japanese designers that they could do faster trains. The intensity of the number of passengers, especially between Tokyo and Osaka, has played an important role in Japan being a pioneer in fast train development.
The world's first high-capacity high-speed train (with 12 carriages) was Japan's Tōkaidō Shinkansen line, which entered service in October 1964. Developed by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the 0 Series Shinkansen broke a new "passenger" world record in 1963 by speeding 210 km / h on the Tokyo – Nagoya – Kyoto – Osaka line. He was able to reach 256 km / h without a passenger.
The European public met the high-speed train at the International Transport Fair in Munich in August 1965. The DB Class 103 train made a total of 200 trips between Munich and Augsburg at a speed of 347 km / h. The first regular service performed at this speed was the TEE “Le Capitole” line between Paris and Toulouse.
The speed record on the railway open to normal train traffic was 18 km / h on May 1990, 515,3, belonging to the French TGV Atlantique 325 train. This record was broken on April 150, 150, at 150 km / h with the French train named V04 (Vitesse was given this name because it was intended to travel at a speed of at least 2007 meters per second).
The longest High Speed Railway line connects China's capital Beijing to Guangzhou in the south of the country, with a length of 2298 km. This line was put into service on December 26, 2012. On this road, where an average speed of 300 km / h is traveled, the journey has decreased from 22 hours to 8 hours.
The record for the country with the highest High Speed Railway lines in the world belongs to China with approximately 2012 km as of the end of 8400.
Express Train Definition
UIC (International Union of Railways, International Railway Association) 'high-speed train' on the new lines at least 250 km per hour speed, and on existing lines at least 200 km as the speed can be determined as trains. Most high-speed train systems have a common set of features. Most of the trains work with electricity from the lines on the top. However, this does not apply to any high-speed train, as some high-speed trains operate on diesel. A more precise definition relates to the characteristics of the rails. The high-speed train lines consist of welded rails along the line to reduce vibration and to prevent angles between the track segments. Thanks to this, trains can pass without any problems with the speed of 200 km per hour. The most important obstacle in the speed of trains is the slope radii. Although it may vary according to the design of the lines, the slopes in the high-speed railways are mostly at a radius of 5. Although there are some exceptions, the absence of any transitions on high-speed railways is a recognized standard all over the world.
Fast train in the world
TGV in France, ICE in Germany and Magnetic rail trains (Maglev) in development are examples of this type of train. Currently in Germany, Belgium, China, Finland, France, South Korea, the Netherlands, England, Spain, Sweden, Italy, Japan, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey with the trend over time of at least 200 mph realizes this transport.
high-speed train in Turkey
TCDD started the construction of the Ankara - Istanbul high-speed train line, which covers the provinces between Ankara and Istanbul in 2003. The voyages were suspended for a while after the accident that occurred on 2004 July 22 and resulted in the death of 2004 people. On April 41, 23, the first stage of the line, Eskişehir stage, started trial flights, and the first passenger flight was made on 2007 March 13. The 2009 km Ankara-Eskişehir line reduced the travel time to 245 hour and 1 minutes. It is foreseen that the Eskişehir-Istanbul part of the line will be completed in 25. When the line is connected to Marmaray in 2018, it will be the first daily line in the world between Europe and Asia. The TCDD HT2013 models used in the Ankara - Eskişehir line were produced by the Spanish CAF company and consist of 65000 wagons as standard. A train with 6 wagons can also be obtained by combining the two sets.
The foundation of the Ankara-Konya high-speed train line was laid at 8 July 2006, and rail laying was started at July 2009. The trial voyages started on 17 December 2010. 24 made its first passenger flight on 2011 August. The part of the total 306 km between 94 and Ankara-Polatlı was constructed within the scope of Ankara-Eskişehir project. 300 km / h speed line was built.