Yildiz Palace, Sultan III. It was built for Selim (1789-1807) mother Mihrişah Sultan, especially the Ottoman Sultan II. It was used as the main palace of the Ottoman Empire during the period of Abdülhamit (1876-1909). Today it is located in Beşiktaş District. It is a whole of palaces, mansions, administration, protection, service buildings and parks, located in a garden and woodland that covers the entire slope, starting from the Marmara sea coast and rising to the northwest and covering the entire slopes, not as a single structure like Dolmabahçe Palace.
This region has been a hunting ground for the sultans starting from the Legal period (1520-1566). Although it is not known exactly how much it overlaps with the palace land, the gardens and groves named “Civan Kapucıbaşı Garden” and “Kazancıoğlu Garden” most likely also included the Yıldız Palace land. These gardens joined the sultan gardens during the reign of Ahmed I (1603-1617).
After that, many different structures were added to the region at different times. These places, which can be considered among the most elaborately constructed buildings of the period, have made this place a living space in terms of structure.
II. It is said that Abdülhamit left the Dolmabahçe Palace, which was the scene of two revolutions in 1876, for emotional reasons and retreated to the more sheltered Yıldız. In this period, Yıldız has become the main focus of the political administration, overshadowing Bab-i Ali, where the government unit is located and which constituted the main axis of political life in the Tanzimat period. In 1882, the court of the court, which ordered the execution of Mithat Pasha and Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha, took place in the Yıldız Palace and therefore became the Star Court. After this date, Yıldız Palace, II. He became famous as a center of fear and infidelity based on the management of Abdülhamit, and the use of the word "star" in the Ottoman press for a period, on the grounds that he might have political connotations, II. Abdulhamit was blocked by the censorship administration. After Sultan Abdülhamit was deposed from the throne in 1909 after the 31 March Incident, the palace was looted and partially burned by a crowd of people. During this plunder, people who reported to Abdulhamit or worked as a police agent were told that they were trying to destroy their documents by searching for them.
II. Abdulhamid Yıldız Mosque was built between 1885 and 1886. It is one of the most typical examples of the late Ottoman architecture with its mass and plan scheme and decoration.
Yıldız Mosque Beşiktaş is located on the Yıldız Palace road in the northern part of Barbaros Boulevard. Although its real name is Hamidiye, it is mostly known as Yıldız Mosque.
The palace had a complex structure and its administrative structures included the Great Mabeyn, Şale Mansion, Malta Mansion, Tent Tent, Yıldız Theater and Opera House, Yıldız Palace Museum and Imperial Porcelain Production House. Yıldız Palace Garden was also a well-known resting place in Istanbul. A bridge was connecting Yıldız Palace and Çırağan Palace to this garden on the Bosphorus.
Star Palace Clock Tower
It is located in the southwest corner of the Yildiz Mosque courtyard. It was built in 1890. There is a design with orientalist and neogothic mix. The corners are three floors, rising on a broken square plan. It is covered with a pointed and sliced dome. There is also sliced vaulted roof windows in the cover.
Yıldız Porcelain Production House
The production house, which was opened in 1895, was producing to meet the European style ceramics requirement of the upper class. Bowls, vases and plates were produced, often depicting the Bosphorus view. The building had a view resembling medieval castles.